Outcome of Treatment with Thalidomide in Transfusion Dependent Thalassemia Patients: A Prospective Study in a Thalassemia Center, Dhaka, Bangladesh
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 168-171
Received: Mar. 15, 2020; Accepted: Mar. 27, 2020; Published: Apr. 30, 2020
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Maksuda Begum, Department of Pediatrics, Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mir Hasan Md. Moslem, Department of Pediatrics, Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nurun Nahar Fatema Begum, Department of Pediatrics, Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Zobaidur Rahman, Armed Forces Medical Institute, Dhaka Cantonment, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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The aim of the study was to assess the outcome of thalidomide in patients with Thalassemia. Method: We identified the outcome of thalidomide in 51 patients with thalassemia needing blood transfusion. We enlisted thalassemia patients, who received treatment with thalidomide between 01 July 2017 and 29 Feb 2020 in Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka. Thalidomide was used in a reduced dose (2 mg/ kg to 5 mg/kg). Thalidomide had been stopped in those patients who developed complications. The following factors were recorded: age and sex, hemoglobin (Hb) levels, ferritin level, blood transfusion interval before and after treatment with thalidomide. Furthermore, we documented blood transfusion dependence and the complications subsequently. All data were studied using SPSS v 24.0 (SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, U.S.A.). For patients, a paired sample t-test was used to compare the changes in the mean Hb level, ferritin level and the difference in blood transfusion interval before and after treatment with thalidomide. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The study included 51 patients comprised of 23 females (45.1%) and 28 males (54.9%) with an age ranging from 3 to 24 years (9.75±4.11 years). Amongst them 18% (n=9) were beta-thalassemia and 82% (n=42) were Hb E beta-thalassemia. Data of Hb and ferritin levels before and after treatment were recorded in all 51 patients. Ferritin levels reduced to 20.52% (3258.11±2291.91 ng/ml to 2589.65± 2072.74 ng/ml). Hb level increased by 19.26% (7.04±0.53 g/dL to 8.39±1.44g/dL). We found 18 (35.3%) patients with no requirement of blood transfusion after the treatment. 63% (n=32) of the patients showed no adverse effect of thalidomide after the treatment. 16% (n=8) of the patients showed high ALT (Alaline Aminotransferase) and 6% (n=3) showed excessive sleepiness. Other effects included- high TSH, acute urticaria, restlessness, edema, facial puffiness, palpitation, and vomiting. Conclusion: Treatment with thalidomide considerably improved Hb level, increased blood transfusion interval even resulted to non-dependence on blood transfusion and reduced ferritin levels. More studies are necessary to clarify the possible use of thalidomide in the treatment of thalassemia.
Thalidomide, Transfusion, Thalassemia
To cite this article
Maksuda Begum, Mir Hasan Md. Moslem, Nurun Nahar Fatema Begum, Md. Zobaidur Rahman, Outcome of Treatment with Thalidomide in Transfusion Dependent Thalassemia Patients: A Prospective Study in a Thalassemia Center, Dhaka, Bangladesh, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 168-171. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200603.11
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