Discussing the “First Cry” as an Initial Assessment for Neonates
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 129-132
Received: Feb. 7, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 19, 2020; Published: Mar. 17, 2020
Views 305      Downloads 78
Authors
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Joel Romaric Momo Tetsiguia, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Background: Crying is common in newly born infants. For many years, it has been considered as a sign of vitality and wellbeing in neonates. However, recent studies have shown that the most important event in neonates’ adaptation to extra-uterine life is “breathing”. Nevertheless, there seems to be multiple organ systems involvement in the act of crying which can be compared with conventional assessments for newly born infants. This review aims at describing the act of crying in newborns, in order to discuss its physiological or pathological significance, so as to elucidate or deny its importance in the initial assessment of a newborn. Method: A review of the literature which was based on the collection and the screening of various scientific articles treating the topic was made, with relevant information reported and their pertinence discussed accordingly. Results: It appears that there is multiple organ systems involvement during crying which can be superposed to conventional assessments such as the Apgar score. Conclusion: The first cry may be considered as an assurance of effective and spontaneous breathing, and is generally associated with multiple organ system involvement, similar to those evaluated by conventional assessments such as the Apgar score. Therefore, the “first cry” alone when present, may be effective in the initial assessment of a neonate, as far as adaptation to extra uterine life is concerned.
Keywords
First Cry, Apgar Score, Adaptation
To cite this article
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Joel Romaric Momo Tetsiguia, Discussing the “First Cry” as an Initial Assessment for Neonates, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 129-132. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200602.22
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Makoi Z, Takacs G. Analysis of the first cry of the newborns in case of vaginal delivery and caesarean section. 8th IFAC Symposium on Biological and Medical systems. 2012; 45 (18): 478-483.
[2]
Ludington-Hoe SM, Cong X, Hashemi F. Infant crying nature, physiologic consequences and select interventions. Neonatal Netw. 2002; 21 (2): 29-36.
[3]
Korner AF, Kraemer HC, Haffner ME, Thoman EB. Characteristics of crying and non-crying activity of full-term neonates. Child Dev. 1974; 45 (4): 953-958.
[4]
Gupta JM, Scopes JW. Observations on blood pressure in newborn infants. Arch. DIS. Child. 1965; 40 (214): 637-644.
[5]
Lind J, Stern L, Wegelius C. In: Human Fetal and Neonatal Circulation. Thomas. Springfield, IL. 1964 p. 39.
[6]
Moss AJ, Duffie ER, Emmanouilides G. Blood pressure and vasomotor reflexes in the newborn infant. Pediatrics. 1963; 32: 175-9.
[7]
Dinwiddie R, Richter-wilmott R, Scwartz JG, Shaffer TH, Fox WW. Cardiopulmonary changes in the crying neonate. Pediatr Res. 1979; 13 (8): 900-3.
[8]
Wasz-Höckert O, Michelsson K, Lind J. Twenty-five years of Scandinavian cry research. Infant crying. In: Boukydis C, Lester B, eds. Infant Crying. Theoretical and Research Perspectives. Springer Verlag. 1985: 83–104.
[9]
Fuamenya NA, Robb MP, Wermke K. Noisy but effective: crying across the first 3 months of life. J Voice. 2015; 29: 281–286.
[10]
Michelsson K. Cry analyses of symptomless low birth weight neonates and of asphyxiated newborn infants. Acta Paediatr Scand Suppl. 1971; 216: 1–45.
[11]
May L, Byers-Heinlein K, Gervain J, Werker JF. Language and the newborn brain: does prenatal language experience shape the neonate neural response to speech? Front Psychol. 2011; 2: 222. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00222.
[12]
Jardri R, Houfflin-Debarge V, Delion P, Pruvo JP, Thomas P, Pins D. Assessing fetal response to maternal speech using a noninvasive functional brain imaging technique. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2012; 30: 159–161. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2011.11.002.
[13]
Webb AR, Heller HT, Benson CB, Lahav A. Mother’s voice and heartbeat sounds elicit auditory plasticity in the human brain before full gestation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2015; 112: 3152–3157. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1414924112.
[14]
Byers-Heinlein K, Burns TC, Werker JF. The roots of bilingualism in newborns. Psychol Sci. 2010; 21: 343–348. doi: 10.1177/0956797609360758.
[15]
Moon C, Lagercrantz H, Kuhl PK. Language experienced in utero affects vowel perception after birth: a two-country study. Acta Paediatr. 2013; 102 (2): 156–60. doi: 10.1111/apa.12098.
[16]
DeCasper AJ, Fifer WP. Of human bonding: newborns prefer their mothers’ voices. Science. 1980; 208 (4448): 1174–6.
[17]
Gingras J, Mitchell E, Grattan K. Fetal homologue of infant crying. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2005; 90 (5): 415-418.
[18]
Vannasing P, Florea O, González-Frankenberger B, Temblay J, Paquette N, Safi D et al. Distinct hemispheric specializations for native and non-native languages in one-day-old newborns identified by fNIRS. Neuropsychologia. 2016; 84: 63–69.
[19]
Wasz-Höckert O, Lind J, Vuorenkoski V, et al. The Infant Cry. A Spectrographic and Auditory Analysis. London: Heinemann. 1968.
[20]
Wermke K, Teiser J, Yovsi E, Kohlenberg PJ, Wermke P, Robb M et al. Fundamental frequency variation within neonatal crying: does ambient language matter? Speech Lang Hear. 2016; 19 (4): 211-217.
[21]
Rautava L, Lempinen A, Ojala S, Parkkola R, Rikalainen H, Lapinleimu H, et al. Acoustic quality of cry in very-low-birthweight infants at the age of 1 ½ years. Early Hum Dev. 2007; 83: 5-12.
[22]
Dimitriou G, Greenoug A, Dyke H, Rafferty GF. Maximal airway pressures during crying in healthy preterm and term neonates. Early Hum Dev. 2000; 57 (2): 149–156.
[23]
Taylor A, Fisk NM, Glover V. Mode of delivery and subsequent stress response. Lancet. 2000; 355 (9198): 120.
[24]
Brazelton TB. Crying in infancy. Pediatrics 1962; 29: 579-88.
[25]
Aldrich CA, Sung C, Knop C. The crying of newly born babies. The individual phase. J Pediatr 1945; 27: 89-96.
[26]
Bell SM, Ainsworth MOS. Infant crying and maternal responsiveness. Child Dev. 1972; 43: 1171-90.
[27]
Wermke K, Robb MP. Fundamental frequency of neonatal crying: does body size matter? J voice. 2010; 24 (4): 388-94.
[28]
Douthitt TC, Brackbill Y. Differences in sleep, waking, and overt activity as a function of prone or supine resting position in the human neonate. Psychophysiology. 1972; 9: 99-100.
[29]
Griffiths E, Chapman N, Campbell D. An apparatus for detecting and monitoring movement. Am J Psychol. 1967; 80 (3): 438-441.
[30]
Wermke K, Mende W, Manfredi C, Bruscaglioni P. Developmental aspects of infant’s cry melody and formants. Med Eng Phys. 2002; 24: 501-514.
[31]
Baeck H, de Souza M. Longitudinal study of the fundamental frequency of hunger cries along the first 6 months of healthy babies. J Voice. 2007; 21: 551-559.
[32]
Lester BM, Anderson LT, Boukydis CFZ, Garcia-coll CT, Vohr B, Peuker M. Early detection of infants at risk for later handicap through acoustic cry analysis. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1989; 26 (6): 99–118.
[33]
LaGasse LL, Neal AR, Lester BM. Assessment of infant cry: acoustic cry analysis and parental perception. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2005; 11: 83–93. doi: 10.1002/mrdd.20050.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186