Epidemio-clinical Profile of Stunting in School Children of an Urban Community in Cameroon
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 94-97
Received: Feb. 7, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 20, 2020; Published: Mar. 6, 2020
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Authors
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Ivan Fred Kamsi Djomkam, SOA, District Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon
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Abstract
Background: Stunting in children results from a defective growth. Our objective was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profiles of stature growth delay in school children of an urban community in Cameroon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out on primary and secondary school children aged between 8 to 15 years, from January to June 2015 in Yaoundé, Cameroon. The study involved 1442 children of which 79 presented stature delay. Results: The mean age was 12 years (IQR: 11-13ans). The prevalence of stunting was 5.47% (95% CI: 3.59 to 5.87) Among which 48 (60%) of affected children were in secondary school, 41 (51.89%) were of female sex, 54 (68.35%) were aged between 11 and 13years old, 49 (62%) came from families with average or limited socioeconomic level out of which 30 (62%) had limited or poor diet, 76 (96.2%) had normal BMI, 26 (33%) had bone size abnormalities, 10 (12.65%) had delayed puberty, and 4 (5%) had a chronic disease. Conclusion: Stunting occurs among school children in the urban communities of Yaoundé in Cameroon, with considerable percentages of affected children diagnosed for the first time in secondary school, and coming from families with low socioeconomic level, having poor diet. Regular measurements of anthropometric parameters and holistic assessment may help for prevention.
Keywords
Stunting, Short Stature, Growth, Cameroun
To cite this article
Georges Pius Kamsu Moyo, Ivan Fred Kamsi Djomkam, Epidemio-clinical Profile of Stunting in School Children of an Urban Community in Cameroon, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 94-97. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20200602.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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