Seasonality of Vitamin D Insufficiency in Children of Moscow
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 83-88
Received: Jul. 11, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 23, 2017; Published: Nov. 30, 2017
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Authors
Zakharova Irina, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Borovik Tatyana, Department of Nutrition Children, FSAI «National Scientific and Practical Center of Children’s Health» of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Pludowski Pawel, Department of Biochemistry and of Experimental Medicine, The Children’s Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Tvorogova Tatyana, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Solovyeva Ekaterina, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation; Department of Pediatric, SBHI “Pediatric Municipal Polyclinic № 133” of the Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia Federation
Sugyan Narine, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation; Department of Pediatric, SBHI “Pediatric Municipal Polyclinic № 133” of the Moscow Health Department, Moscow, Russia Federation
Antonenko Natalia, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Balashova Nadejda, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Kuular Nadejda, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Marchenko Vera, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Perova Svetlana, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Prostakova Valentina, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Simakova Natalia, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Simonenko Irina, Department of Pediatric, FSBI “Pediatric Medical Center” of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia Federation
Vasilyeva Svetlana, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Mozzhukhina Maria, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Koroleva Ekaterina, Department of Pediatric, Clinic of Group of Companies “Mother and a Child”, Moscow, Russia Federation
Rakhteenko Alina, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Dmitrieva Yulia, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HPT “Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Continuing Education” of the Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia Federation
Klimov Leonid, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HE “Stavropol State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health, Stavropol, Russia Federation
Kuryaninova Victoria, Department of Pediatric, FSBEI HE “Stavropol State Medical University” of the Ministry of Health, Stavropol, Russia Federation
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Abstract
The article presents the analysis of vitamin D levels in children of various age groups residing in Moscow and assesses the seasonality of vitamin D variations in this population group. In this work, the results of 25 (ОН) D level measurement in 1041 children in the age from 1 month to 18 years collected in the period since 2012 to 2015 have been analyzed. In accordance with the analysis, in spite of the age, the high percentage of vitamin D insufficiency was detected among children in Moscow. The generally accepted optimum level of vitamin D metabolite – calcidiol in blood (>30 ng/ml) was observed only in the small part of the study participants (26%), while the larger part (74%) had the insufficient level of vitamin D of various intensity: 28% - insufficiency (20-29 ng/ml), 33% - deficiency (<20 ng/ml), 13% - severe deficiency (<10 ng/ml). With the age, the insufficiency level was more pronounced. The seasonality analysis showed the significant difference of vitamin D level between summer and winter seasons (p=0.01). The greatest decrease of vitamin D levels was observed in winter (median level of 25(ОН)D 17.0 (11.0; 25.0) ng/ml). In summer months, the relative calcidiol gain was fixed (median – 22.9 (18.0; 33.0) ng/ml) which, however, did not achieve the normal level. Children and, in particular, adolescents residing in Moscow need year-round hypovitaminosis D prophylaxis with cholecalciferol products.
Keywords
Vitamin D, Cholecalciferol, Hypovitaminosis D, Vitamin D Deficiency, Seasonal Variations of Vitamin D
To cite this article
Zakharova Irina, Borovik Tatyana, Pludowski Pawel, Tvorogova Tatyana, Solovyeva Ekaterina, Sugyan Narine, Antonenko Natalia, Balashova Nadejda, Kuular Nadejda, Marchenko Vera, Perova Svetlana, Prostakova Valentina, Simakova Natalia, Simonenko Irina, Vasilyeva Svetlana, Mozzhukhina Maria, Koroleva Ekaterina, Rakhteenko Alina, Dmitrieva Yulia, Klimov Leonid, Kuryaninova Victoria, Seasonality of Vitamin D Insufficiency in Children of Moscow, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 83-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20170306.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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