Ultrasound Guided Pneumatic Reduction of Intussusception: A Clinical Experience from Baghdad
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 76-82
Received: Sep. 10, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 28, 2017; Published: Nov. 10, 2017
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Authors
Ali Egab Joda, Department of Surgery, Mustansiriyah Medical College, Baghdad, Iraq; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Central Child Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
Waad Muhammad Salih, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Central Child Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
Nawzat Hussein Shakarly, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Central Child Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
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Abstract
Intussusception is an important cause of small bowel obstruction in children. Non-operative reduction (NOR) is the preferable method of treatment to start with as long as there are no contraindications to its use and where facilities are available. Pneumatic reduction has become a popular therapeutic method for intussusception instead of surgery in many centers. The current study aim to evaluate the success rate of ultrasound guided pneumatic reduction of intussusception and verifying the factors affecting its efficacy as initial experience in Baghdad. A prospective study of 56 eligible patients with confirmed intussusception managed over the period of eighteen months from March 2016 to September 2017 in Baghdad. The procedure was performed under ultrasound guidance after adequate resuscitation. Those patients with unsuccessful first attempt of pneumatic reduction were subjected to second and third attempts before surgical intervention performed. a total 39 male and 17 female were found suitable for pneumatic reduction under ultrasound guide. Successful reduction by air insufflation was achieved in 44 patients (78.5%), whereas the procedure was failed in the remaining 12 patients (21.4%). There were only two out of 44 patients (4.5%) with successful reduction developed early recurrence of intussusception. One patient (2.27%) developed intestinal perforation. Pneumatic reduction of intussusception under ultrasound guidance is a quick, safe, simple, with a high success rate, radiation-sparing effect. Success rate is highly affected by the duration of symptoms and location of mass. The procedure is not devoid of recurrence risk and possibility of developing pneumoperitoneum.
Keywords
Intussusception, Pneumatic Reduction, Ultrasonography
To cite this article
Ali Egab Joda, Waad Muhammad Salih, Nawzat Hussein Shakarly, Ultrasound Guided Pneumatic Reduction of Intussusception: A Clinical Experience from Baghdad, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 76-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20170306.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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