Uninentional Injuries Among Children: An Observational Study in a Basic Health Unit in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 19-22
Received: Dec. 5, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 20, 2016; Published: Jan. 14, 2017
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Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Department of Puericulture and Pediatrics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil
Ieda Regina Lopes Del Ciampo, Department of Medicine, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos (SP), Brazil
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Unintentional injuries are one of the most important public health problems in childhood that result in great medical costs, economic loss and serious consequences. Objective: the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and some characteristics of unintentional injuries with children that are registered in childcare program in a Basic Health Unit in the city of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. A cross-sectional study carried out in a Basic Health Unit in the city of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, using interviews with parents or caregivers of children aged minor of 10 years, conducted after medical appointment and that contained questions related to the injury. As for the injury event the original question was: "the child suffered some kind of unintentional in the last 15 days?" Statistical analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics and differences between the genders were analyzed with the chi-squared test using the statistical program EPIINFO. The level of significance was set to p < 0.05. Among 1648 children under 10 years of age attended in the service 294 (17.8%) suffered some type of unintentional injury in the previous 15 days; of these 169 (57.5%) were males and 125 (42.5%) were females (p=0.126). The main types of unintentional injuries were falls (50,5%), physical shock (15,4%) and cuts (14,7%). Injuries occurred more in the afternoon (50.5%), morning (32.6%) and night (17.8%). The majority occurred at home (69.4%). The distribution during the week showed that the injuries occurred more on saturday (21,6%), friday (17,5%) and sunday (15,1%), but with no statistically significant difference (p >0,05). Regarding the care received by children, only 29 (9.9%) needed medical care. Even with all efforts to prevent nonintentional injuries, males, the domestic environment and falls still persist among the children in this study, demonstrating the importance to keep the topic in evidence considering that early infancy is a critical period for preventive strategies.
Accidents, Child, Unintentional Injury, Accident Prevention
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Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Ieda Regina Lopes Del Ciampo, Uninentional Injuries Among Children: An Observational Study in a Basic Health Unit in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, American Journal of Pediatrics. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2016, pp. 19-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ajp.20160205.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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