The Role of Genetic Diversity to Enhance Ecosystem Service
American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics
Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 46-51
Received: Jul. 31, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2019; Published: Oct. 25, 2019
Views 382      Downloads 140
Jemal Mohammed, Crop and Horticulture Biodiversity Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Genetic diversity serves as a way for populations to adapt to changing environments. With more variation, it is more likely that some individuals in a population will possess of alleles that are suited for the environment. Ecosystem services is the benefits people obtain from ecosystems both natural and managed. In the large majority of cases a positive relationship is found between species diversity and ecosystem service provisioning which is genetic diversity is subset of biodiversity. The objective of this review is to provide information about the importance of genetic diversity in plant, animal and microbial in increment of ecosystem service. Genetic diversity have many advantage in crops, which include reduce the danger of genetic uniformity. The other and the more importance of genetic diversity is that give choice of genetic material for farmers and breeders that they select important genes for disease resistant, high yielder, good test, good agronomic character and reduce the impact of climate change. Animal genetic resources include all species, breeds and strains that are of economic, scientific and cultural interest to humankind for agriculture, both now and in the future. These genetic diversity allows farmers to select stocks or develop new breeds in response to changes in the environment, threats of disease, market conditions and societal needs, all of which are largely unpredictable. The third part of genetic diversity is the diversity of microbial, which give us a lot of ecosystem service, which more related to the regulation and support than provision and cultural. Finally, I recommend that, it is better to use this valuable resource in responsible manner to compete the impact of climate change and ever-increasing population growth.
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Ecosystem Service, Genetic Diversity
To cite this article
Jemal Mohammed, The Role of Genetic Diversity to Enhance Ecosystem Service, American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 46-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbes.20190503.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
USGS, 2011. U.S. Geological Survey. Introduction to Genetic Diversity.
CBD (1992) Convention on Biological Diversity, Rio de Janeiro, Argentina. Convention on Biological Diversity,
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and Human Wellbeing, Volume 1, Current State and Ternds. Island Press, Washington.
Sustaining life on earth: How the convention on biological diversity promotes nature and human well-being. (2000). Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Wilby, A. and Hector, A., 2001. The role of biodiversity. e LS.
Harrison, P. A., Berry, P. M., Simpson, G., Haslett, J. R., Blicharska, M., Bucur, M., Dunford, R., Egoh, B., Garcia-Llorente, M., Geamănă, N. and Geertsema, W., 2014. Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services: a systematic review. Ecosystem Services, 9, pp. 191-203.
Letourneau, D. K., Jedlicka, J. A., Bothwell, S. G. and Moreno, C. R (2009) Effects of natural enemy biodiversity on the suppression of arthropod herbivores in terrestrial ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40, pp. 573-592.
Ricketts, T. H., Regetz, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Cunningham, S. A., Kremen, C., Bogdanski, A., Gemmill-Herren, B., Greenleaf, S. S., Klein, A. M., Mayfield, M. M. and Morandin, L. A (2008) Landscape effects on crop pollination services: are there general patterns?. Ecology letters, 11 (5), pp. 499-515.
Isbell, F., Calcagno, V., Hector, A., Connolly, J., Harpole, W. S., Reich, P. B., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Tilman, D., Van Ruijven, J. and Weigelt, A., 2011. High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services. Nature, 477 (7363), p. 199.
Koh, L. P (2008) Can oil palm plantations be made more hospitable for forest butterflies and birds?. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45 (4), pp. 1002-1009.
Mundt, C. C (2002) Use of multiline cultivars and cultivar mixtures fordisease management. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 40, 381–410.
Wolfe, M (1985). The current status and prospects of multiline cultivars and variety mixtures for disease resistance. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 23, 251–273.
Jarvis, D., Brown, A., Imbruce, V., Ochoa, J., Sadiki, M., Karamura, E., Trutmann, P., Finckh, M (2007) Managing crop disease in traditional agroecosystems: the benefits and hazards of genetic diversity. In: Jarvis, D. I., Padoch, C., Cooper, H. D. (Eds.), Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems. Rome, Columbia University Press and Bioversity International, New York, pp. 292–319.
Swanston, J., Newton, A (2005) Mixtures of UK wheat as an efficient and environmentally friendly source for bioet Zhanol. J. Ind. Ecol. 9, 109–126.
[15] accessed September 2018.
Near East and North Africa Regional Synthesis of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, 2008
FAO. (1999). Food and Agriculture Organization. Women: users, preservers and managers of agrobiodiversity (available at
Haack SK, Garchow H, Klug MJ, Forney LJ (1995) Analysis of factors affecting the accuracy, reproducibility, and interpretation of microbial community carbon source utilization patterns. Appl Environ Microbiol 61: 1458–1468.
Gadd, G. M (2010) Metals, minerals and microbes: geomicrobiology and bioremediation. Microbiology, 156 (3), pp. 609-643.
Shen, H., Zhang, L., Liu, M. and Zhang, Z (2012) Biomedical applications of graphene. Theranostics, 2 (3), p. 283.
Raaijmakers JM, Weller DM (1998) Natural plant protection by 2,4- diacetyl-phloroglucinol-producing Pseudomonas spp. in take-all decline soils. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 11: 144–152.
Head, I. M., & Swannell, R. P. (1999). Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminants in marine habitats. Current opinion in biotechnology, 10 (3), 234-239.
Samanta, S. K., Bhushan, B., Chauhan, A. and Jain, R. K (2000) Chemotaxis of a Ralstonia sp. SJ98 toward different nitroaromatic compounds and their degradation. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 269 (1), pp. 117-123.
Evdokimova, G. A. (2000). The impact of heavy metals on the microbial diversity of podzolic soils in the Kola Peninsula. Forest dynamics in heavily polluted regions. Report No. 1 of the IUFRO Task Force on Environmental Change., pp. 67-76.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186