Genetic diversity serves as a way for populations to adapt to changing environments. With more variation, it is more likely that some individuals in a population will possess of alleles that are suited for the environment. Ecosystem services is the benefits people obtain from ecosystems both natural and managed. In the large majority of cases a positive relationship is found between species diversity and ecosystem service provisioning which is genetic diversity is subset of biodiversity. The objective of this review is to provide information about the importance of genetic diversity in plant, animal and microbial in increment of ecosystem service. Genetic diversity have many advantage in crops, which include reduce the danger of genetic uniformity. The other and the more importance of genetic diversity is that give choice of genetic material for farmers and breeders that they select important genes for disease resistant, high yielder, good test, good agronomic character and reduce the impact of climate change. Animal genetic resources include all species, breeds and strains that are of economic, scientific and cultural interest to humankind for agriculture, both now and in the future. These genetic diversity allows farmers to select stocks or develop new breeds in response to changes in the environment, threats of disease, market conditions and societal needs, all of which are largely unpredictable. The third part of genetic diversity is the diversity of microbial, which give us a lot of ecosystem service, which more related to the regulation and support than provision and cultural. Finally, I recommend that, it is better to use this valuable resource in responsible manner to compete the impact of climate change and ever-increasing population growth.
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