Lead Exposure and Liver Function Parameters in Iraqi Workers
American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics
Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 42-45
Received: Jun. 14, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 28, 2019; Published: Sep. 16, 2019
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Authors
Kahtan Ahmed Al-Mzaien, Medical Laboratory Technique, Dijlah University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Meena Mohammed Abdul-Hussein, Medical Laboratory Technique, Dijlah University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Jafar Ihsan Hussein, Medical Laboratory Technique, Dijlah University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Ahmed Abdul-Qadir, Medical Laboratory Technique, Dijlah University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Sufian Abdul-Rahman, Medical Laboratory Technique, Dijlah University College, Baghdad, Iraq
Hussam-Aldeen Sami, Medical Laboratory Technique, Dijlah University College, Baghdad, Iraq
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Abstract
This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of long term exposure to lead in some biomarkers of liver functions of Iraqi workers. A total ninety –two (92) adult Iraqi workers with a mean ages (37 ± 1.107 years) were distributed as follows; twenty eight (28) gasoline filling station workers, thirty one (31) battery workers and thirty three (33) brick manufacturing industry workers as well as, eighteen (18) control subjects were not in any way occupationally exposed to lead were involved in this study. The lead level was measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometer method. The blood lead level (BLL) among gasoline station, battery and brick kiln workers were (24.96 ± 0.76, 24.7 ± 0.77 and 24.63 ± 0.81μg/dL, respectively), and the corresponding values for the control group was significantly (p < 0.001) lower (18.88 ± 0.51μg/dL). Significant (p<0.05) elevation in serum alanine transaminase (ALT) activity in gasoline filling station workers, battery manufacture and brick kiln workers among the control group was recorded, while no significant change in serum aspartate transaminase (AST) of all workers versus control was observed. Moreover, significant (p<0.01) increase in alkaline phosphatase activity in the serum of all workers as compared to the control group was recorded. On the other hand, no significant change was listed in albumin and bilirubin in all lead exposed groups. It can be concluded that occupational exposure to lead in Iraq is associated with significant increase of lead level, increased prevalence of lead toxicity and liver dysfunction.
Keywords
Component, Occupational Exposure, Blood Lead Level, Biochemical Parameters, Gasoline Station, Battery, Brick Kiln Workers
To cite this article
Kahtan Ahmed Al-Mzaien, Meena Mohammed Abdul-Hussein, Jafar Ihsan Hussein, Ahmed Abdul-Qadir, Sufian Abdul-Rahman, Hussam-Aldeen Sami, Lead Exposure and Liver Function Parameters in Iraqi Workers, American Journal of Biological and Environmental Statistics. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 42-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbes.20190503.12
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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