Temporal Fascia Versus Tragal Perichondrial Graft in Myringoplasty and Tympanoplasty
International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 15-19
Received: Jan. 9, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 28, 2019; Published: May 15, 2019
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Tallat Najeeb, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Fazaia Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan
Wajahat Ullah Khan Bangash, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad, Pakistan
Nisa Siddiqui, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad, Pakistan
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The objective of this study is to compare the results of tympanoplastywith underlay technique with respect to graft uptake, hearing improvement and complications. Thestudy was conducted between January 2006 & January 2018 at Haider clinic, Kulsum international Hospital Islamabad, MaroofInternational Hospital, Social security Hospital Islamabad and PAF hospital Islamabad. Sampling was done by non-probability convenient sampling type by random selection. Total of 1677 patients were selected had Tympanoplasty type 1. All had dry central perforations of different sizes for more than 3 months and conductive hearing loss of less than 40dB with patent Eustachian tube. Informed consent was taken from patients andethical committee. Patients with sensorineural hearing loss and with severe nasal pathology were excluded. Patients were divided into 2 groups, A and B, were subjected totympanoplasty by underlay technique by the same group of surgeons. In group A, temporalis fascia graft and in group B tragalperichondrial graft was used. Postoperative audiometry was done after 3 months in each case to calculate air bone gap. In our study there were 62% males and 38% females, mean age was 32.5. In Group A, 689 patients hadtympanoplasty with temporalis fascia and in group B 988 patients with chondro-perichondrial graft. Medialization was seen in 30(4.3%) patients in Group A and in 10(1%) in group B. Persistent Perforations happened in 32(4.6%) patients in group A and in 8(0.8%) patients group B. Graft uptake success rate using temporalis fascia was 85.9% and was 97.4% with Chondro-perichondrial graft. Hearing improvement was seen in 627(91%) patients in group A and 970(98%) patients in group B. Statistical analysis of the data was done using SPSS 16. Temporalis fascia and tragal perichondrium both are excellent material to repair tympanic membrane. Graft uptake rate and hearing improvement are better in perichondrial graft.
Tympanoplasty, Temporalis Fascia, Tregal Perichondrium
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Tallat Najeeb, Wajahat Ullah Khan Bangash, Nisa Siddiqui, Temporal Fascia Versus Tragal Perichondrial Graft in Myringoplasty and Tympanoplasty, International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 15-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ijo.20190501.14
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