A Proposed National Model of Vocational Education and Training for Micro and Small Enterprises in Kenya
Vocational education and training (VET) in Kenya has undergone major changes since colonialists introduced it at the beginning of the twentieth century. Since then, VET has evolved in the areas of science, technology and innovation to provide more skills, which are expected to serve the needs of the labour market and propel the country to middle-level industrialised status by the year 2030. However, current training and development (T&D) processes in Kenya have been criticised for being rigid and irrelevant to the industry, creating a mismatch of skills produced by the training institutions and those demanded by the industry; it is upon this criticism that this research is built. The focus of this paper is the development of a more responsive and relevant T&D model for the VET sector. In Kenya VET is referred to as technical, industrial, vocational education and training—TIVET. To develop a national T&D model, this paper examined a generic organisational T&D model. Then, through an examination of literature dealing with VET sub-systems in Kenya and elsewhere, the organisational T&D was expanded to include relevant national training areas and activities. The requisite areas were identified from reports, academic papers and a combination of both.
A Proposed National Model of Vocational Education and Training for Micro and Small Enterprises in Kenya, International Journal of Vocational Education and Training Research.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2018, pp. 28-40.
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