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Investigation of Efficiency of Magnetic Separation Methods for Processing of Low-Grade Iron Pigments Ore (RED Ochre)
International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 18-25
Received: Mar. 7, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 13, 2019; Published: May 15, 2019
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Seyed Hamzeh Amiri, School of Mining Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
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In this research, the efficiency of magnetic separation methods for processing of a low-grade iron pigments ore (red ochre) has been studied. Based on the mineralogical analyses (XRD), thin section and polish studies, the reserve is an iron sedimentary deposit with an average Fe grade of %31.3. The most valuable minerals are Hematite and Goethite and main gangue minerals are Calcite and Quartz. Wet and dry high-intensity magnetic separation methods were applied for processing. The full factorial design was implemented for all of the wet high-intensity magnetic separation (WHIMS) experiments. Factors of magnetic field intensity, rotor speed and feed water flowrate were considered for design. In optimal conditions in rougher stage, WHIMS produced a concentrate with grade %42.92 Fe and recovery %62.23 in magnetic field intensity 1.7 Tesla, feed water flowrate 5 liter per minute and speed of rotor 3 rounds per minute; also after two stage cleaning WHIMS produced a concentrate with Fe grade and Fe recovery of %56.12 and %38.56, respectively. The results of the dry high-intensity magnetic separation for the two coarser fractions showed that size fraction of coarser than 1000 micron produced a concentrate with Fe grade %40.32 and relative Fe recovery %95.11 and size fraction of -1000+150 micron with Fe grade %45. 04 and relative Fe recovery %75.14. The results of experiments show that there is a low capability for improving quality and grade of this ore. Achieved concentrate from experiments could be used as an initial feed of producing pigment.
Red Ochre, Iron, High-Intensity Magnetic Separation, Full Factorial Design
To cite this article
Seyed Hamzeh Amiri, Investigation of Efficiency of Magnetic Separation Methods for Processing of Low-Grade Iron Pigments Ore (RED Ochre), International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 18-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20190401.14
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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