Progress and Future of Breakthrough Low-carbon Steelmaking Technology (ULCOS) of EU
International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Pages: 15-22
Received: May 28, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2018; Published: Jul. 24, 2018
Views 1513      Downloads 221
Yan Junjie, Wheel and Axle Department of Maanshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Maanshan, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
The CO2 emitted by iron and steel industry accounts for 6% of the global anthropogenic CO2 emission. As the control of CO2 emission becomes increasingly stringent all over the world, the iron and steel industry now is facing an unprecedented crisis. And now even the most advanced technologies for reducing carbon emission have reached the bottleneck, so many countries in the world are striving to develop the breakthrough technologies for significantly reducing the carbon emission. The current progress and future research of steelmaking program with ultra-low CO2 emission in Europe are stated, among which TGR-BF, HIsarna, ULCORED, ULCOWIN and ULCOLYSIS are considered to be the most promising technologies. Combined with the technology of carbon capture and storage, CO2 emission can be reduced by as much as 80%. Compared with the traditional technologies, investment cost and operating cost are much lower.
Top Gas Recovery, HIsarna, ULCORED, ULCOWIN and ULCOLYSIS, Low Carbon, Environment Protection, ULCOS
To cite this article
Yan Junjie, Progress and Future of Breakthrough Low-carbon Steelmaking Technology (ULCOS) of EU, International Journal of Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 15-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmpem.20180302.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Onarheim K, Mathisen A, Arasto A, “Barriers and opportunities for application of CCS in Nordic industry—A sectorial approach,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2015, 6, pp. 93-105.
Peng Jin, Zeyi Jiang, Cheng Bao, Shiyu Hao, Xinxin Zhang, “The energy consumption and carbon emission of the integrated steel mill with oxygen blast furnace,” Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017, Vol. 117, pp. 58-65.
Qi Zhang, Yu Li, Jin Xu, Guoyu Jia, “Carbon element flow analysis and CO2 emission reduction in iron and steel works,” Journal of Cleaner Production, 2018, Vol. 172, pp. 709-723.
Commission, E, “ULCOS-Perspectives,” Available from: (
ULCOS, “Structure and financing,” Available from: (
Shigeaki Tonomura, Naoki Kikuchi, Natsuo Ishiwata, Shin Tomisaki, Yukio Tomita, “Concept and Current State of CO2 Ultimate Reduction in the Steelmaking Process (COURSE50) Aimed at Sustainability in the Japanese Steel Industry,” Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 2016, Vol. 2, pp. 191 – 199.
LUO Ye, WANG Chao, “Energy Saving and Emission Reduction Measures of Korean Iron and Steel Industry,” Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference of China's Iron and Steel Industry- S15. Energy and Environment Protection, 2017, Beijing.
M. Abdul Quader, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Raja Ariffin Raja Ghazilla, Shameem Ahmed, Mahidzal Dahari, “A comprehensive review on energy efficient CO2 breakthrough technologies for sustainable green iron and steel manufacturing,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, Vol. 50, pp. 594-614.
Quader M A, Shamsuddin Ahmed, Dawal S Z, and Nukman Y, “Present needs, recent progress and future trends of energy-efficient Ultra-Low Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Steelmaking (ULCOS) program,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, Vol. 55, pp. 537-549.
WANG Dongyan, “Breaking-through iron-making technologies in ULCOS program,” World Steel, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 7-12.
K. Meijer, C. Guenther, R. J. Dry, “HIsarna Pilot Plant Program,” Symposium on the 8th annual conference of China’s iron and steel, 2011.
WANG Dongyan, “Research and development of retrofitted ironmaking process in ULCOS project,” World Iron & Steel, 2011, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 29-37.
S Tian, K Li, J Jiang, X Chen, F Yan, “CO2 abatement from the iron and steel industry using a combined Ca–Fe chemical loop,” Applied Energy, 2016, Vol. 170, pp. 345-352.
S Tian, J Jiang, F Yan, K Li, X Chen, “Highly efficient CO2 capture with simultaneous iron and CaO recycling for the iron and steel industry,” Green Chemistry, 2016, Vol. 18, pp. 4022–4031.
Lin Zhu, Yangdong He, Luling Li, Pengbin Wu, “Tech-economic assessment of second-generation CCS: Chemical looping combustion,” Energy, 2015, Vol. 144, pp. 915-927.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186