Maxillo-facial Trauma: Epidemiological Study and Legal Implications
International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 1-6
Received: Jan. 18, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 13, 2020; Published: Feb. 28, 2020
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Sami Bardaa, Forensic Department, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia; Medicine Faculty, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Hanen Dhouib, Forensic Department, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia; Medicine Faculty, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Hassen Ennouri, Forensic Department, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia; Medicine Faculty, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Zouhir Hammami, Forensic Department, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia; Medicine Faculty, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
Samir Maatoug, Forensic Department, Habib Bourguiba University Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia; Medicine Faculty, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
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In Tunisia, as all over the world, intentional traumas resulting from assaults represent a growing social scourge especially after the revolution of January 2011. Facial trauma occupies a special place due to its psychological impact on victims. This study aims to examine the demographics, pattern and management of maxillofacial injuries due to interpersonal violence. It’s about a retrospective study, interesting all cases of isolated intentional maxillofacial traumas collected in the Forensic Department of the University Hospital Habib Bourguiba of Sfax - Tunisia during six months between July and December 2017. We collected 270 cases of isolated facial trauma with a prevalence of 7.3%. Victims were mainly young men with low socio-economic class. Bruise was the most frequent lesion (67.4%). Orbital region was the most common site of lesions (52.2%). Total temporary disability (TTD) average was 10.81 days. Permanent partial disability (PPD) was predicted in 34.8% of cases. Despite the low prevalence of isolated facial trauma, it is considered as a major public health problem. Consequences of the complaint lodged by the victim depend on conclusions of medicolegal expertise.
Interpersonal Assault, Maxillofacial Trauma, Forensic Medical Report
To cite this article
Sami Bardaa, Hanen Dhouib, Hassen Ennouri, Zouhir Hammami, Samir Maatoug, Maxillo-facial Trauma: Epidemiological Study and Legal Implications, International Journal of Clinical Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcoms.20200601.11
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Base de données: la législation du secteur de la sécurité en Tunisie. Loi n° 69-33 du 12 juin 1969, réglementant l'introduction, le commerce, la détention et le port des armes.
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