Harmonics Reduction in a Wind Energy Conversion System with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator
International Journal of Data Science and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 58-68
Received: Sep. 8, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 10, 2017; Published: Nov. 8, 2017
Views 2076      Downloads 140
Abdulhakim Nasr, Department of Electrical Engineering, Collage of Engineering Technology, Huon, Libya
Mohammed El-Hawary, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Dalhousie University Halifax, NS, Canada
Article Tools
Follow on us
This paper is mainly doing simulation using Matlab to filter harmonics which are found in a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) connected to a three-phase load through a full converter (AC/DC/AC). Harmonics are caused by the converter system. To reduce these harmonics, an effective filter is needed. There are two types of filters that are usually used, active and passive filters. Among the types of passive filters are band pass which block lower harmonics orders such as 5th, 7th, 11th, and 13th, and high pass filters which are responsible to filter higher harmonics such as 24th. So, we use two stages of harmonic filtering. The first stage includes a c- type high pass filter (for lower orders), a double – tuned filter (for 11th and 13th) and high pass filter (for higher orders). Secondly, this stage includes a single – tuned filter instead of C- type filter with keeping the other filters. We applied Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to determine the harmonics and purposes. In this thesis, we investigate and analyse the level of harmonic content of two AC/DC converters working at different wind speeds. Our findings indicate significant improvements in Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) with best results in the second method.
Wind, Turbine, Power, Harmonics, Filter
To cite this article
Abdulhakim Nasr, Mohammed El-Hawary, Harmonics Reduction in a Wind Energy Conversion System with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator, International Journal of Data Science and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 58-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdsa.20170306.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
K. Cheng, J. Lin, Y. Bao and X. Xue. Review of the wind energy generating system. Presented at Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management (APSCOM 2009), 8th International Conference On. 2009.
World Wind Energy Association, World Wind Energy Report, "WWEA", vol. 2013, 07 October 2012, 2012.
A. D. Hansen and L. H. Hansen. Market penetration of different wind turbine concepts over the years. Presented at 2007 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition. 2007.
Z. Chen, J. M. Guerrero and F. Blaabjerg. A review of the state of the art of power electronics for wind turbines. Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions On 24(8), pp. 1859-1875. 2009.
A. Hoseinpour, S. Masoud Barakati and R. Ghazi. Harmonic reduction in wind turbine generators using a shunt active filter based on the proposed modulation technique. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 43(1), pp. 1401-1412. 2012.
M. Yin, G. Li, M. Zhou and C. Zhao. Modeling of the wind turbine with a permanent magnet synchronous generator for integration. Presented at Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2007. IEEE. 2007.
Wind Farm - Synchronous Generator and Full Scale Converter (Type 4) Average Model, Http://www. Mathworks. com/help/physmod/powersys/examples/wind-Farm-Synchronous-Generator-and-Full-Scale-Converter-Type-4-Average-Model.
Three-Phase Harmonic Filter, Http://www. Mathworks. com/help/physmod/powersys/ref/threephaseharmonicfilter. Html.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186