Mechanical Properties of Urea Formaldehyde Particle Board Composite
American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 10-15
Received: May 23, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 7, 2018; Published: Jul. 4, 2018
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Authors
Ejiogu Ibe Kevin, Directorate of Research and Development, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Odiji Mary Ochanya, Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria
Ayejagbara Mosunmade Olukemi, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Shekarri Tachye Ninas Bwanhot, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
Ibeneme Uche, Department of Polymer Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, Nigeria
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Abstract
Particle boards were prepared from sawdust and urea-formaldehyde resin (UFR) on compression moulding machine. The particleboards were produced at a compression temperature of 150°C; a pressure of 10tons was applied for 15 minutes. The amount of sawdust was kept constant at 20g while UFR was varied from 30ml, 35ml, 40ml and 45ml respectively. The control sample (CS) was the 50ml UFR without any saw dust. The properties of the particleboards were tested using ASTM methods. The results showed that the properties of the particleboards are a function of the percentage composition of the binder (resin) and the filler (sawdust). The results showed that as the URF content increased from 30ml to 45ml, the mechanical properties increased. The hardness increased from 88.6 shoreA to 99 shoreA while the percentage of water absorption decreased as the UFR content increased. The swelling thickness decreased as UFR content increased. The density increased as URF content increased.
Keywords
Urea Formaldehyde, Particle Board Composite, Sawdust, Mechanical Properties
To cite this article
Ejiogu Ibe Kevin, Odiji Mary Ochanya, Ayejagbara Mosunmade Olukemi, Shekarri Tachye Ninas Bwanhot, Ibeneme Uche, Mechanical Properties of Urea Formaldehyde Particle Board Composite, American Journal of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 10-15. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcbe.20180201.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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