Study on Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Biomass-Derived Spherical Activated Carbon
American Journal of Modern Energy
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 26-32
Received: Oct. 25, 2018;
Accepted: Dec. 4, 2018;
Published: Jan. 3, 2019
Views 734 Downloads 120
Yuzhu Ma, Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, P. R. China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin, P. R. China
Cong Zhou, Key Laboratory for Energy Conversion and Storage Materials, College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Baojun Yu, Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, P. R. China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin, P. R. China
Mingming Chen, Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, P. R. China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin, P. R. China
Chengyang Wang, Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, P. R. China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering (Tianjin), Tianjin, P. R. China
Spherical activated carbon (SPs) with hierarchical porous structure was prepared via a simple solvent evaporation method followed by an activation process using leonardite humic acid (LHA) as carbon source. The surface morphologies and pore parameters of the as-prepared SPs were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and N2 physical adsorption-desorption instrument. The electrochemical performance of supercapacitors tested by galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD), cyclic voltammograms (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) are conducted in both aqueous and organic electrolyte. The SPs with high specific surface area (2034 m2 g-1) and pore volume (1.24 cm3 g-1) exhibit a superior higher specific capacitance of 319 F g-1 at a current density of 0.05 A g-1 in aqueous electrolyte compared with powdered activated carbon (SP1). In addition, SPs1 also exhibit a high initial specific capacitance of 154 F·g-1 at 0.05 A·g-1 and a higher capacitance retention of 96.4% than the bulked sample started from the same raw materials in organic electrolyte. These results suggest that the LHA-based spherical activated carbon should be a competitive and promising supercapacitor electrode material.
Study on Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of Biomass-Derived Spherical Activated Carbon, American Journal of Modern Energy.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2018, pp. 26-32.
Y. Guo, L. Yu, C. Y. Wang, Z. Lin, X. W. Lou, Hierarchical Tubular Structures Composed of Mn-Based Mixed Metal Oxide Nanoflakes with Enhanced Electrochemical Properties. Advanced Functional Materials 2015, 25 (32): 5184-5189.
Z. B. Lei, J. T. Zhang, X. S. Zhao, Ultrathin MnO2 nanofibers grown on graphitic carbon spheres as high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor electrodes. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2012, 22 (1): 153-160.
Z. H. Hou, X. H. Li, E. H. Liu, Z. Q. He, et al. New mesoporous carbons prepared bya simultaneous synthetic template carbonization methodfor electric double layer capacitors. New carbon materials, 2004, 19 (1): 11-15.
C. Merlet, B. Rotenberg, P. A. Madden, et al. On the molecular origin of supercapacitance in nanoporous carbon electrodes. Nature Materials, 2012, 11 (4): 306-310.
P. Staiti, A. Arenillas, F. Lufrano, et al. High energy ultracapacitor based on carbon xerogel electrodes and sodium sulfate electrolyte. Journal of Power Sources, 2012, 214 (4): 137-141.
M. Chen, C. Yu, S. H. Liu, X. Fan, X. Zhao, J. S. Qiu, Micro-sizedporous carbon spheres with ultra-high rate capability for lithium storage. Nanoscale, 2015 7: 1791–1795.
X. J. He, H. B. Zhang, H. Zhang, X. J. Li, N. Xiao, J. S. Qiu, Directsynthesis of 3D hollow porous graphene balls from coal tar pitch forhigh performance supercapacitors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 2: 19633–19640.
M. Seredych, D. Hulicova-Jurcakova, G. Q. Lu, T. J. Bandosz, Surface functional groups of carbons and the effects of their chemical character, density and accessibility to ions on electrochemical performance. Carbon, 2008, 46: 1475-1488.
F. B. Li, Q. L. Qian, F. Yan, G. Q. Yuan, Nitrogen-doped porous carbon microspherules as supports for preparing monodisperse nickel nanoparticles. Carbon, 2006, 44: 128–132.
Y. G. Zhang, C. Y. Wang, P. Yan, Progress in Preparation and Application of Pitch-based Spherical Activated carbon. Materials Review, 2002, 2 (16): 46-48.
J. Tang, J. Liu, C. L. Li, et al. Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Mesoporous Carbon Spheres with Extra‐Large Pores through Assembly of Diblock Copolymer Micelles. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2015, 54 (2): 588-593.
Y. K. Lv, L. H. Gan, M. X. Liu, W. Z. Xiong, J. Xu, D. Z. Zhu, et al. A self-template synthesis of hierarchical porous carbon foams based on banana peel for supercapacitor electrodes. Journal of Power Sources, 2012, 209: 152–157.
Z. J. Qiao, M. M. Chen, C. Y. Wang, Humic acids-based hierarchical porous carbons as high-rate performance electrodes for symmetric supercapacitors. Bioresource Technology, 2014, 163: 386–389.
Y. Z. Ma, B. J. Yu, Y. Guo, et al. Facile synthesis of biomass-derived hierarchical porous carbon microbeads for supercapacitors. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2016, 1-10.
L. F. Chen, X. D. Zhang, H. W. Liang, M. G. Kong, Q. F. Guan, P. Chen, Z. Y. Wu, S. H. Yu, Synthesis of nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanofibers as an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors, ACS Nano, 2012, 6: 7092-7102.
I. Michio, K. Hidetaka, T. Osamu, Carbon materials for electrochemicalcapacitors. Journal of Power Sources, 2010, 195 (24): 7880–7903.
P. Chen, D. D. Chung, Dynamic mechanical behavior of flexible graphite made from exfoliated graphite. Carbon, 2012, 50 (1): 283-289.
S. G. Hashmi, J. Halme, T. Saukkonen, E. Rautama, P. Lund, High performance low temperature carbon composite catalysts for flexible dye sensitized solar cells. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2013, 15 (40): 17689-17695.
V. Ruiz, A. G. Pandolfo. High-frequency carbon supercapacitorsfrom polyfurfuryl alcohol. Journal of Power Sources, 2011, 196 (18): 7816–7822.
K. Kierzek, E. Frackowiak, G. Lota, G. Gryglewicz, J. Machnikowski. Electrochemical capacitors based on highly porous carbonsprepared by KOH activation. Electrochim Acta, 2004, 49 (4): 515–23.
Y. Z. Ma, Y. G, et al. Biomass-derived dendritic-like porous carbon aerogels for supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta, 2016, 210: 897-904.
Z. B. Lei, N. Christov, L. L. Zhang, X. S. Zhao. Mesoporous carbon nanospheres with an excellent electro capacitive performance. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011, 21 (7): 2274–2281.
Y. M. Tan, C. F. Xu, G. X. Chen, Z. H. Liu, M. Ma, Q. J. Xie, N. F. Zheng and S. Z. Yao, Synthesis of Ultrathin Nitrogen-Doped Graphitic Carbon Nanocages as Advanced Electrode Materials for Supercapacitor. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2013, 5, 2241–2248.
H. Xu, Q. M. Gao, H. L. Guo, H. L. Wang, Hierarchical porous carbon obtained using the template of NaOH-treated zeolite b and its high performance as supercapacitor, Microporous Mesoporous Mater 2010, 133: 106-144.
Y. T. Li, Y. T. Pi, L. M. Lu, S. H. Xu, T. Z. Ren, Hierarchical porous active carbon from fallen leaves by synergy of K2CO3 and their supercapacitor performance, J. Power Sources 2015, 299: 519-528.
Y. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Teng, H. Zhu, J. Wang, A. A. Elzatahry, D. Y. Zhao, A template-catalyzed in situ polymerization and co-assembly strategy for rich nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2018, 6 (7): 3162-3170.