Effects of Di-Ethyl-Ether Addition on the Water-Diesel Emulsion Fuel Combustion Pressures and Pressure Rise Rates
American Journal of Modern Energy
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 146-152
Received: Oct. 16, 2017;
Accepted: Oct. 31, 2017;
Published: Dec. 26, 2017
Views 1602 Downloads 55
Mohamed Y. E. Selim, Mechanical Eng. Department, College of Engineering, UAE University, Al-Ain, UAE
Mamdouh T. Ghannam, Chem. and Pet Eng. Department, College of Engineering, UAE University, Al-Ain, UAE
Adel MM Hussien, Mech Power Eng. Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Helwan, Cairo, Egypt
An experimental investigation has been carried out to investigate the effects of adding very low viscosity renewable fuel of Di-Ethyl Ether (DEE) to a 30% water-in-diesel emulsion on the diesel engine combustion characteristics. A research engine of Ricardo E-6 has been used throughout the work and the water-diesel emulsion (W/D emulsion) has been prepared to have four weeks of fuel stability. The W/D emulsion then mixed with the low viscosity additive to reduce the viscosity of the W/D emulsion. Diesel engine combustion pressure and other engine parameters, have been collected by data-acquisition systems and the maximum pressure rise rate has been calculated. It has been found that adding the DEE to the W/D emulsion affected its viscosity and affected the combustion as noticed from the combustion pressures and pressure rise rates. Using an additive like the DEE enables the use of W/D emulsion in diesel engine with high amount of water of 30% with acceptable combustion characteristics.
Mohamed Y. E. Selim,
Mamdouh T. Ghannam,
Adel MM Hussien,
Effects of Di-Ethyl-Ether Addition on the Water-Diesel Emulsion Fuel Combustion Pressures and Pressure Rise Rates, American Journal of Modern Energy.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2017, pp. 146-152.
Lin, C.; Pan, J. Corrosion Characteristics of Furnaces Burning with Emulsified Diesel Oil Contained Sodium Sulfate. Corros Prev Control 2001, 47 (3): 83.
Nicholls, J.; El-Messiri, I.; Newhall, H. Inlet Manifold Water Injection for Control of Nitrogen Oxides-Theory and Experiment. SAE paper number 690018, 1969.
Lestz, S.; Melton, R.; Rambi, E. Feasibility of Cooling Diesel Engines by Introducing Water Into the Combustion Chamber. SAE paper number 750129, 1975.
Andrews, G.; Bartle, K.; Pang, S.; Nurein, A.; Williams, P. The Reduction in Diesel Particulate Emissions Using Emulsified Fuels. SAE paper number 880348, 1988.
Mingyuan, L.; Christy, A.; Sjoblom, J. In: Sjoblom Ed. Emulsions–a Fundamental and Practical Approach; Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, V363, 1992.
Pilehvari, A.; Saadevandi, B.; Halvaci, M.; Clark, D. In: Roco MC Ed. Pipeline Transportation of Heavy Crude as Emulsions. Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. Liquid Solid Flows; ASME V75: New York, 1988.
Sherman, P. In: Becher Ed. Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology; Dekker: New York, 1983.
Bobra, M. In: Proceeding of Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program; Environmental Canada - Minister of Supply and Services: Ottawa, 1990.
Eley, D.; Hey, M.; Symonds, J.; Willison, J. Electron Micrograph of Emulsions of Water in Crude Petroleum. J Colloid Int Sci 1976, 54: 462.
Muzio, L.; Quartucy, G. Implementing NOx Control: Research to Application. Prog. Energy Combustion Sci. 1997, 23 (3), 233.
Lin, C.; Wang, K. Diesel Engine Performance and Emission Characteristics Using Three-Phase Emulsions as Fuel. Fuel 2004, 83, 537.
Adiga, K.; Shah, D. On the Vaporization Behavior of water-in-Oil Microemulsions. Combust Flame 1990, 80, 412.
Wang, C. Law C. Microexplosion of droplets Under High Pressure. Combust Flame 1985, 59, 53.
Crookes, R.; Kiannejad, F.; Nazha, M. Systematic Assessment of Combustion Characteristics of Biofuels and Emulsions with Water for Use as Diesel Engine Fuels. Energy Convers Manage 1997, 38, 1785.
Crookes, R.; Kiannejad, F.; Nazha, M. Seed Oil Biofuel of Low Cetane Number: The Effect of Water Emulsification on Diesel Engine Operation and Emissions. J Inst Energy 1995, 68, 142.
Crookes, R.; Nazha, M.; Kiannejad, F. Single and Multi-Cylinder Diesel Engine Tests with Vegetable Oil Emulsions. SAE paper number 922230, 1992.
Sheng, H.; Chen, L.; Wu, C. The Drolet Group Micro-Explosions in W/O Diesel Fuel emulsion Sprays. SAE paper number 950855, 1995.
Subramanian, K. and Ramesh, A., "Use of Diethyl Ether Along with Water-Diesel Emulsion in a Di Diesel Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2720, doi:10.4271/2002-01-2720, 2002.