Experimental Determination of Effect of Total Solid (TS) and Volatile Solid (VS) on Biogas Yield
American Journal of Modern Energy
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 131-135
Received: Oct. 16, 2017;
Accepted: Nov. 3, 2017;
Published: Nov. 25, 2017
Views 2125 Downloads 154
Ejiroghene Kelly Orhorhoro, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Patrick Okechukwu Ebunilo, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Godwin Ejuvwedia Sadjere, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
In this research work, eight different samples of substrates with varying percentage total solid (TS) and volatile solid (VS) were used. The samples which comprises mainly of water hyacinth, waste water (i.e., from ice fish cold room, septic tanks, and abattoir), pig dung, cow dung, corn cobs, potato peels, pineapple peels, rice left over, yam peels, cassava peels, orange peels, sweet potato peels, garri left over, plantain peels, beans waste, banana peels and vegetables, etc., were co-digested. In each of the samples, 10kg of substrates were used and the experiment was conducted within mesophilic temperature range of 36°C-37°C, pH range of 6.9-7.4 and hydraulic retention time (HRT) of thirty-three (33) days. It was observed that the quantity of biogas yield from these substrates increase with increasing percentage volatile solid and decrease with decreasing percentage volatile solid concentration below and above the optimum value of 91.1% (2.88kg) volatile solids which gave the maximum amount of biogas yield for the samples of substrates to be 1.01kg (23.6%), 2.01kg (60.75%), 2.55kg (84.72%), 2.41kg (68.0%), 2.35kg (67.67%), 1.85kg (59.23%), 1.45kg (25.39%). Furthermore, the results obtained reveal that bio-digesters should be run at 10.16% total solids, since optimum cumulative biogas generation is achieved at this %TS concentration.
Ejiroghene Kelly Orhorhoro,
Patrick Okechukwu Ebunilo,
Godwin Ejuvwedia Sadjere,
Experimental Determination of Effect of Total Solid (TS) and Volatile Solid (VS) on Biogas Yield, American Journal of Modern Energy.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2017, pp. 131-135.
E. K. Orhorhoro, P. O. Ebunilo, R. I. Tamuno, I. A. Essienubong. “The Study of Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Non-Uniform Multiple Feed Stock Availability and Composition in Nigeria”, European Journal of Engineering Research and Science, Vol. 1, issue 1, 39-42, 2016.
J. I. Nwankwo. “Production of Biogas from Paper Waste Blended with Cow Dung”, Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT) Volume 8, issue 10, 58-68, 2014.
A. M. Muzaffar, H. Athar, V. Chanchal. “Design considerations and operational performance of anaerobic digester: A review”, Cogent Engineering, 3: 118169, 1-20, 2016.
J. C. Motte, R. Escudié, N. Bernet, J. P. Delgenes, J. P. Steyer, C. Dumas. “Dynamic effect of total solid content, low substrate/inoculum ratio and particle size on solid-state anaerobic digestion”. Bioresour. Technol., 144, 141-148, 2013.
E. K. Orhorhoro, P. O. Ebunilo, E. G. Sadjere. “Design of Bio-Waste Grinding Machine for Anaerobic Digestion (AD) System”, European Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology, 4 (7): 560-568, 2017
O. O. Osita, U. G. Lawan, “The Optimum Mesophilic Temperature of Batch Process Biogas Production from Animal-based Wastes”, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 8(16),. 1772-1776, 2014
E. K. Orhorhoro, O. W. Orhorhoro, P. O. Ebunilo. “Analysis of the effect of carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio on the performance of biogas yields for non-uniform multiple feed stock availability and composition in Nigeria”, International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, issue 5, 119-126, 2016
M. K. Peter, M. I. Alfa, G. Datau, K. C. Aluwong, K. C. Hadi. “Design, Development and Performance Evaluation of an Anaerobic Plant”, American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER), Vol. 6, issue 4, 2320-0936, 2017.
O. P. Karthikeyan, C. Visvanathan. “Bio-energy recovery from high-solid organic substrates by dry anaerobic bio-conversion processes: a review”. Rev. Env. Sci. Biotechnol., 12, 257-284, 2012.
E. K. Orhorhoro, P. O. Ebunilo, A. E. Ikpe. “Effect of pH on Anaerobic Digestion (AD) of Organic Municipal Solid Waste in Benin City, Nigeria”, Journal of the Nigerian Association of Mathematical Physics. Volume 36, No.1, 369-374, 2016
W. Mussoline, G. Esposito, P. Lens, G. Garuti, A. Giordano. “Design considerations for a farm-scale biogas plant based on pilot-scale anaerobic digesters loaded with rice straw and piggery wastewater”, Biomass. Bioenerg., 46, 469-478, 2012
P. O. Ebunilo, E. K. Orhorhoro, O. A. Adegbayi. “Investigation of the purification of biogas from domestic wastes using local materials in Nigeria”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 7, Issue 2, 505-515, 2016.
S. Desal, V. Palled, R. Mathad. “Performance Evaluation of Fixed Dome Type biogas plant for solid state digestion of cattle dung”. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 26, No. 1, 103-106, 2013
C. M. Chima, N. O. Jude, C. O. Justina, S. A. Ekpewerechi, “Biogas potential of organic waste in Nigeria”. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 1, 110-116, 2013.
R. Chandra, H. Takeuch. “Methane production from lignocellulosic agricultural crop wastes: A review in context to second generation of biofuel production”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(3), 1462-147, 2012.
P. O. Ebunilo, S. A. Aliu, E. K. Orhorhoro, “Performance Study of a Biogas Pilot Plant using Domestic Wastes from Benin Metropolis”. International Journal of Thermal & Environmental Engineering volume 10, No 2, 135-141, 2015.
P. O. Ebunilo, S. A. Aliu, E. K. Orhorhoro, “Comparative Analysis of Biogas Yield from Different Composition of Domestic Wastes from Benin City, Nigeria”. Journal of Advanced &Applied Science (JAAS) Volume 04, Issue 05, 169-177, 2015.
A. Alli, L. Rundong, F. Shah, R. B. Mahar, M. S. WajidIjaz, M. Muhammad. “Predictive Modeling of Biogas Production from Anaerobic Digestion of Mixed Kitchen Waste at Mesophilic Temperature”. International Journal of Waste Resources, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2-4, 2016.
I. Budiyono, S. S. Syaichurrozi, “Effect of Total Solid Content to Biogas Production Rate from Vinasse”, International Journal of Engineering, Vol. 27, No. 2, 177-184, 2014.
N. H. S. Ray, M. K. Mohanty, R. C. Mohanty, “Anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste: Biogas production and pretreatment waste, a review”. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 3, 11-18, 2013.
B. B. Sajeena, P. P. Jose, G. Madhu, “Effect of Total Solid Concentration on Anaerobic Digestion of the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste”. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(8), 1–5, 2013.
D. Y. Tsunatu, I. C. Azuaga, J. Agabison. “Evaluation of the Effect of Total Solids Concentration on Biogas Yields of Agricultural Wastes”. International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, Vol. 3(2), 70-75, 2014.
L. H. Wang, Q. Wang, W. Cai, X. Sun, “Influence of mixing proportion on the solid-state anaerobic codigestion of distiller’s grains and food waste”, Biosystem Engineering, 112, 130–137, 2012.