Design and Construction of a Tube Storage Device for Biogas Using Motorized Compressor
International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 20-26
Received: Dec. 21, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 16, 2018; Published: Feb. 5, 2018
Views 1291      Downloads 50
Ikpi Azwis Nyifi, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Simon Verlumun Irtwange, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Tanko Bako, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Biogas refers to a gas produced by break down of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Organic waste such as dead plant and animal material, animal faeces and kitchen waste can be converted into a gaseous fuel called biogas. Usually, getting rid of waste places burden of not only cost on organizations, communities, government among others but also engender several environmental issues. The objective of this study was to design and develop a simple technique for handling and storing of biogas, analyze the biogas produced by the mixture of cow dung, and finally test the biogas produced to confirm its flammability. In this work, waste material specifically cow dung was used for the production of biogas in biogas digester at the animal farm of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi. The waste materials fed into the digester were cow dung and water to mix wastes into slurry. The mixture was done in the ratio of 1 to 2 by mass; cow dung to water respectively. The storage device was filled up with biogas by using a motorized compressor. The system was tested at retention times of 15, 20 and 25 days and gas burning times of 20, 40 and 60 minutes. The effects of heating time and retention time on gas volume and pressure were analyzed. It was observed that the gas volume utilized increased with increasing heating time at all the retention times investigated. Finally, analysis of the biogas thus produced were studied and compared to previous work. The biogas produced in this work was indeed flammable and at a relatively low cost. Production of biogas at optimal conditions was recommended as a panacea to solving the prevalent environmental issues caused by waste disposal; and should be embraced not only by government on a large scale but also by individual on smaller scale.
Biogas, Tube Storage, Device, Gas Pressure, Motorized Compressor
To cite this article
Ikpi Azwis Nyifi, Simon Verlumun Irtwange, Tanko Bako, Design and Construction of a Tube Storage Device for Biogas Using Motorized Compressor, International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 20-26. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsqa.20180401.14
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Agbo, K. E., and Eze, J. I. (2011). Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid for Generation of Energy: Prospects and Challenges in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Solar Energy Research, 22, 120-136.
Hassan, K. J., Zubairu, M. S. and Husaini, I. (2015). Biogas Production Using Cow Dung, Poultry Waste and Yam Peels. International Journal of Environment and Bioenergy, 2015, 10(2): 107-114.
Itodo, N. I. (2007). Agricultural Energy Technology. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers, Pp. 1-108.
Adelekan, B. A., and Bomgboye, A. I. (2008). Effect of Mixing Ratio of Slurry on Biogas Productivity of Major Farm Animal Waste Types. Journal of Applied Sciences, 22, 1336 – 1343.
Ogejo, J. A., and Ignosh, J. (2009). Biomethane Technology. Petersburg: Virgini Polytechnic, Institute and State University, Pp 442–881.
Gazali, T. A. and Moqsud, M. A. (2017). The Effectiveness of Animal Dungs and Leaf Mold for Bioelectricity Generation Using Microbial Fuel Cell with Soils. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, (7): 165-181.
Meng, W., Eunyoung, L., Qiong, Z. and Sarina, J. E. (2017). Anaerobic Co-digestion of Swine Manure and Microalgae Chlorella sp.: Experimental Studies and Energy Analysis. BioEnergy Research, 9 (4): 1204–1215.
Peter, T., Clever, K., Jerekias, G. and Noble, B. (2016). Effect of Variation in Co-Digestion Ratios of Matooke, Cassava and Sweet Potato Peels on Hydraulic Retention Time, Methane Yield and Its Kinetics. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 6: 93-115.
Rajendran, K., Aslanzadeh, S., and Taherzadeh, M. J. (2012). Household biogas Digesters-A review. Energies, 5(8): 2911–2942.
Bansal, A. K., Kapoor, S., and Agrawal, M. K. (2013). The road to zero waste: anaerobic digestor. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(5), 1390-1397.
Bavutti, M., Guidetti, L., Allesina, G., Libbra, A., Muscio, A., and Pedrazzi, S. (2014). Thermal stabilization of digester of biogas plants by means of optimization of the surface radiative properties of the gasometer domes. Energy Procedia, 45, 1344–1353.
Bond, T., and Templeton, M. R. (2011). History and future of domestic biogas plants in the developing world. Energy for Sustainable Development, 15, 347–354.
Cuellar, A. D., and Webber, M. E. (2008). Cow power: the energy and emissions benefits of converting manure to biogas. Environmental Research Letters, 3, 1–8.
Green, J. M., and Sibisi, M. N. T. (2002). Domestic Biogas Digesters: A Comparative Study. In Proceedings of Domestic Use of Energy Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 2–3, April, 2002; pp. 33–38.
Jiang, X., Sommer, S. G., and Christensen, K. V. (2011). A review of the biogas industry in China. Energy Policy, 39, 6073-6081.
Cliffort, M., Brooks, R., Howe, A., Kennedy, A., McWilliam, S., Pickering, S., Shayler, P., and Shipway, P. (2011). Introduction to Mechanical Engineering, first edition (Pp. 140-258). UK: Hodder Education 56 Hachjette.
Paul, C. H. (2001). Compressor Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill Company Inc.
Ganiyu, K. L. and Samuel, E. A. (2015). Modelling the Kinetics of Biogas Production from Mesophilic Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Cow Dung with Plantain Peels. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 4(1), 55-63.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186