Design and Construction of a Tube Storage Device for Biogas Using Motorized Compressor
International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 20-26
Received: Dec. 21, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 16, 2018; Published: Feb. 5, 2018
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Authors
Ikpi Azwis Nyifi, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Simon Verlumun Irtwange, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Tanko Bako, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
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Abstract
Biogas refers to a gas produced by break down of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Organic waste such as dead plant and animal material, animal faeces and kitchen waste can be converted into a gaseous fuel called biogas. Usually, getting rid of waste places burden of not only cost on organizations, communities, government among others but also engender several environmental issues. The objective of this study was to design and develop a simple technique for handling and storing of biogas, analyze the biogas produced by the mixture of cow dung, and finally test the biogas produced to confirm its flammability. In this work, waste material specifically cow dung was used for the production of biogas in biogas digester at the animal farm of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi. The waste materials fed into the digester were cow dung and water to mix wastes into slurry. The mixture was done in the ratio of 1 to 2 by mass; cow dung to water respectively. The storage device was filled up with biogas by using a motorized compressor. The system was tested at retention times of 15, 20 and 25 days and gas burning times of 20, 40 and 60 minutes. The effects of heating time and retention time on gas volume and pressure were analyzed. It was observed that the gas volume utilized increased with increasing heating time at all the retention times investigated. Finally, analysis of the biogas thus produced were studied and compared to previous work. The biogas produced in this work was indeed flammable and at a relatively low cost. Production of biogas at optimal conditions was recommended as a panacea to solving the prevalent environmental issues caused by waste disposal; and should be embraced not only by government on a large scale but also by individual on smaller scale.
Keywords
Biogas, Tube Storage, Device, Gas Pressure, Motorized Compressor
To cite this article
Ikpi Azwis Nyifi, Simon Verlumun Irtwange, Tanko Bako, Design and Construction of a Tube Storage Device for Biogas Using Motorized Compressor, International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 20-26. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsqa.20180401.14
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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