Prevalence of Breastfeeding Practices Among Cuban Women in 2014
International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 31-36
Received: Aug. 2, 2016;
Accepted: Aug. 17, 2016;
Published: Dec. 4, 2017
Views 2032 Downloads 67
Santa Jiménez Acosta, National Institute of Higyene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, Havana, Cuba
Ana Clúa Calderín, National Division of Health Statistics, Ministry of Public Health, Havana, Cuba
María Elena Díaz Sánchez, National Institute of Higyene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, Havana, Cuba
Xiomara Podareda Valdés, National Division of Health Statistics, Ministry of Public Health, Havana, Cuba
Follow on us
Introduction: Breastfeeding is the first measurement of nutrition and food security and considered to be a key element of infant health. The benefits of breastfeeding on the infant and maternal health are well documented in the literature. In Cuba the most recent survey was developed in 2014 and provides a document on indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding programs and strategies. Objective: To analyze the breastfeeding practices and associated factors among mothers of children less than 24 months in rural and urban areas of Cuba. Methods: A complex, stratified, multi-stage cluster sampling design was used. The questionnaire was administered to the mothers by trained personnel of different statistic division in the country and collected information on the general characteristics of the household, men and women between 15 to 49 years and children below five years. Information related to initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding for up to six months, and continuation of breastfeeding until 24 months of age, among others were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the outcome variables and other variables of interest using the SPSS package version 21. Results: Most respondent have between 20-24 years age. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 33,2% with a limit of confidence 95% between de 18-48, from 0 to 1 monththe prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding shows 93,3% but from 2 to 3 months this dropped sharply to 28,7%. Data from this survey suggest that the biggest percent of mother who initiated breastfeeding within one hour of birth corresponded with the secondary level of education (59,4%) while the biggest percent of mother who initiated breastfeeding in the first day after delivery was in correspondence with the university level. Conclusion: The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months of age in Cuba continues to be suboptimal, this findings indicate that is necessary to support breastfeeding and increases promotional activities.
Breastfeeding, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Prevalence of Breastfeeding
To cite this article
Santa Jiménez Acosta,
Ana Clúa Calderín,
María Elena Díaz Sánchez,
Xiomara Podareda Valdés,
Prevalence of Breastfeeding Practices Among Cuban Women in 2014, International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2017, pp. 31-36.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
WHO. Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding: World Health Organization and UNICEF. Geneva: WHO; 2003.
WHO. The Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding: A Systematic Review. Geneva: WHO; 2002.
Horta BL, Victora CG. Long-term effects of breastfeeding: A systematic review. World Health Organization, 2013. [cited 20 march 2016] Available on: http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/ documents/ 9241595230/en/.
National Health and Medical Research Council. Infant Feeding Guidelines. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council, 2012.[cited 15 February 2016]Available on: http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/n56b_infant_feeding_guideline_summary.pdf.
Brand E, Kothari C, Stark MA. Factors related to breastfeeding discontinuation between hospital discharge and 2 weeks postpartum. J Perinat Educ. 2011; 20:36–44.
Guo S, Fu X, Scherpbier RW, Wang Y, Zhou H, Wang X, et al. Breastfeeding rates in central and western China in 2010: implications for child and population health. Bull World Health Organ. 2013;91: 322–31.
Gartner LM, Morton J, Lawrence RA, Naylor AJ, O’Hare D, Schanler RJ, et al. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics. 2005;115: 496–506.
Jiang JX, Lin LM, Lian GL, Greiner T: Vitamin A deficiency and child feeding in Beijing and Guizhou, China. World J Pediatr 2008, 4: 20–25.
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) [cited 18 February 2016]. Available on: www.unicef.org/statistics/index_24302.html.
Cuba. Encuesta de Indicadores Multiples por Conglomerados 2014. [cited 16 February 2016]. Available on: http://files.sld.cu/dne/files/2015/09/mics5-2014-cuba.pdf.
LadomenouF, Moschandreas J, Kafatos A, Tselentis Y, GalanakisE. Protective effect of exclusive breastfeeding against infections during infancy: a prospective study. Arch Dis Child. 2010; 95 (12): 1004-1008.
Dirección Nacional de Registros Médicos y Estadísticas de Salud/UNICEF. Encuesta de Indicadores Múltiples por Conglomerados 2010/11. Cuba. La Habana 2012.
Black RE, Victora CG, Walker SP, Bhutta ZA, Christian P, de Onis M, et al. Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet. 2013; 382: 427–5.
Gionet L. Breastfeeding trends in Canada. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. (number) 82-624x. [cited 23 march 2016] Available from: http//www.statcan,gc.ca/pub/82-624/2013001/article/11879-eng.htm.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Breastfeeding report card United States 2013. Atlanta. Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 2013.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia’s Health 2012. Australia’s Health Series No. 13 Cat No. AUS156. Canberra. Australia Institute of Health and Welfare; 2012.
National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) Factsheets 2005-2006. [cited 22 march 2016] Available on: http://mohfw.nic.in/nfhsfactsheet.htm)
Ranjana F, Lakshminarayana J, Ramnath T, Singh Madhu B. Health and nutritional status infant feeding practices of working women in Jodhpur city. Ann Arid Zone 2002; 41: 183-189.
Debes AK, Kohli A, Walker N, Edmond K, Mullany LC. Time to initiation of breastfeeding and neonatal mortality and morbidity: a systematic review. BMC Public Health [cited28 march 2016] Available on: http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-13S3-S19.
Cai X WT, Brown DW. Global trends in exclusive breastfeeding. Int Breastfeed J 2012; 7: 12-14.