Serum Zinc Deficiency Test, Its Importance and Prevention during Pregnancy
International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis
Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2015, Pages: 33-42
Received: Jul. 6, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 14, 2015; Published: Jul. 17, 2015
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Authors
Entela Treska, Center of Molecular Diagnostics and Genetic Researches, University Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology “Queen Geraldine”, Tirana, Albania
Kozeta Vaso, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Zhani Treska, Center of Molecular Diagnostics and Genetic Researches, University Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology “Queen Geraldine”, Tirana, Albania
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Abstract
Because zinc is so important across numerous functions, a deficiency of it can cause a host of problems. Zinc deficiency during pregnancy can negatively affect both the mother and fetus. A healthy, balanced diet can help provide necessary minerals and vitamins. Zinc deficiency is caused by inadequate levels of zinc in the diet. It also plays a role in carbohydrate breakdown (which supplies energy), as well as in cell growth, division and reproduction. Medical tests can determine whether our body fluids contain high levels of zinc. Samples of blood or feces can be collected in a doctor's office and sent to a laboratory that can measure zinc levels. 500 samples for this study were taken from May 2011 until December 2012, at the University Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology "Queen Geraldine" in Tirana, Albania. These was a random selection of these samples and groups obtained from this study resulted in normal pregnant women (control group) and high risk pregnant women, from first to third trimester of pregnancy. During this period we studied the clinical cartels of each pregnant woman, in the premises of the hospital archives, to differentiate cases according to hospitalization diagnoses, maternal age, phetus age etc. Laboratory work for this study was done at the “Public Health Institution” in Tirana, using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS VARIAN-200); Clinical-Biochemical Laboratory "PhD. Stelijan Buzo "in Tirana, using Photometry (End-Point); “The Nuclear Physics Institution” in Tirana, using Total X-ray Fluorescence. Data taken from the corresponding laboratories, were divided into different groups, to differentiate pregnant women and make the comparison to the control group (normal pregnant women). Pregnant women were divided according to: age, number of deliveries, fetus age, education, residence and also hospitality diagnosis. The most frequent diagnosis and their prevalence of deficiency was as follows: Cephalic: 131 cases (26.2%), from which 90 cases (18%) resulted in zinc deficiency; Partus premature: 71 cases (14.2%), from which 41 cases (8.2%) resulted in zinc deficiency; Hypertension: 63 cases (12.6%), from which 44 cases (8.8%) resulted in zinc deficiency; Anemia: 45 cases (9%), from which 37 cases (7.4%) resulted in zinc deficiency. There were no significant changes (Fexperimental< Fcritical) between three laboratories using different methods (Photometry, Total X-Ray Fluorescence and Atomic Absorption).
Keywords
AAS Method, Total X-ray Fluorescence, Photometry (End-Point), Zinc Determination, Serum Zinc Test, Zinc in Pregnancy
To cite this article
Entela Treska, Kozeta Vaso, Zhani Treska, Serum Zinc Deficiency Test, Its Importance and Prevention during Pregnancy, International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 33-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsqa.20150103.11
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