Absenteeism Among Nursing Students: A Case Study at University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 46-51
Received: Apr. 25, 2017; Accepted: May 11, 2017; Published: Oct. 31, 2017
Views 2932      Downloads 283
Emmanuel Okechukwu Chukwu, School of Nursing Mkar, Gboko, Nigeria
Nafisa Haruna Yakubu, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medical Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Habu Haruna, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medical Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Dathini Hamina, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medical Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
Terkuma Chia, Department of Human Anatomy, College of Medical science, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
Terna Mesuur Fiase, School of Nursing Mkar, Gboko, Nigeria
Esther Iornengen, School of Midwifery Mkar, Gboko, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Absenteeism from clinical areas and lectures among nursing students is a significant problem that if not addressed will adversely affect the quality of nursing care. This cross-sectional descriptive survey design was to assess factors influencing absenteeism among nursing students in University of Maiduguri. A total of 270 respondents were selected using convenient sampling technique after stratified sampling technique was used to ensure that all levels (class) of the nursing students were represented. Data were collected through the use of self- constructed questionnaire which was administered by the researchers and trained assistants. Collected data were presented in frequency and percentage. Mean scores were used to analyze the data. 2.50 was chosen as the bench mark (≥ 2.5 as criteria of acceptance). Inferential statistics (chi-square) [x2] was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The study findings revealed that majority of students do absent themselves from lectures and clinical postings. Ill-health, nursing a baby, participation in other roles besides academic activities and transportation difficulties are important contributions to absenteeism. Poor grades and carry-over are effects of absenteeism. The researchers recommends among other things that; clinical supervision and attendance list should be taken serious during lectures and clinical posting. The school management board should provide free transportation to clinical areas and accommodations should also be provided for students within campus. Lecture halls and theaters should be made as conducive as possible.
Absenteeism, Nursing, Students, University, Maiduguri
To cite this article
Emmanuel Okechukwu Chukwu, Nafisa Haruna Yakubu, Habu Haruna, Dathini Hamina, Terkuma Chia, Terna Mesuur Fiase, Esther Iornengen, Absenteeism Among Nursing Students: A Case Study at University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2017, pp. 46-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20170304.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Richard C., Sierra F., Forrest M., Sam M., and Travis S (2015) The Effects of Early Chronic Absenteeism on Third-Grade Academic Achievement Measures. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Gump, S. E (2006) Guess Who’s (Not) Coming to Class: Students Attitude as Indicator of Attendance. Journal of Education Studies, Vol. 32 (1): 39-46.
Timmins F. and Kaliszer M. (2002) Attitudes to Absenteeism Among Diploma Nursing Student in Ireland- An Exploratory Descriptive Survey. Journal of Nurse Education Today, Vol. 22 (7): 578-88.
Balfanz, R., and Byrnes, V. (2012) The Importance of Being in School: A Report on absenteeism in the Nation’s Public Schools. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Center for Social Organization of Schools.
Hughes S. L (2005) Students attendance During College Based Lectures: A Pilot Study. Journal of Nursing Standard, Vol. 19 (47); 41-49.
Leonard C., Bourke S. and Schofield N (2000) Quality of School Life and Absenteeism in Primary Schools. Paper Presentation at the Annual Conference of the Australian Association of Research in Education, Sydney.
Timmins F. and Kaliszer M. (2002). Absenteeism among students – fact or fiction? Journal of Nursing Management, Vol. 10 (5): 251-264.
Castledine, C. (2000) The Failure of Nursing Students to Attend Classes. British Journal of Nursing, Vol. 9 (20): 2127.
Longhurst R (1999) Why Aren’t They Here? Student Absenteeism in a Further Educational College. Journal of further and Higher Education, Vol. 23 (1): 61-80.
Gottfried, M. A. (2010). “Evaluating the Relationship Between Student Attendance and Achievement in Urban Elementary and Middle Schools An Instrumental Variables Approach.” American Educational Research Journal 47 (2): 434-465.
Genao, S. (2015). “Utilizing Data to Combat Absenteeism and Decrease Dropout Rates”. Education and Urban Society. 47 (4): 463-475.
Faiza A. N (2015) Prevalence and Factors Contributed to Absenteeism among Nursing Students at Faculty of Nursing Sciences, University of Khartoum –Sudan. International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, Vol. 4 (4) Pp. 408-413.
Gottfried, M. A. (2014). “Can Neighbor Attributes Predict School Absences?” Urban Education 49 (2): 216-250.
Anteneh A. D., Asres B. and Yifru B (2014) Absenteeism Among Medical and Health Science Undergraduate Students at Hawassa University, Ethiopia. Journal List BMC Med Educ Vol. 14: 81 doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-14-81
Kelly K. S (2013) Chronic Student Absenteeism: Implications for School Leaders. Dissertation for Doctor of Education in Educational Organization and Leadership in the Graduate College of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Balfanz, R. and Vaughan B. (2012). “The Importance of Being There: A Report on Absenteeism in the Nation’s Public Schools.” Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University School of Education, Everyone Graduates Center, Get Schooled: 1-46.
Demir, K. and Akman Karabeyoglu, Y. (2015). Factors associated with absenteeism in high schools. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 62, 37-56 http://dx.doi.org/10.14689/ejer.2016.62.4.
Wadesango N, Machingambi S. (2011) Causes and Structural Effects of Student Absenteeism: A Case Study of Three South African Universities. J Soc Sci Vol. 26 (2): 8 9-97.
Kearney, C. A. (2008). An interdisciplinary model of school absenteeism in youth to inform professional practice and public policy. Educational Psychology Review, 20, 257-282.
Pellegrini, D. W. (2007). School non-attendance: Definitions, meanings, responses, interventions. Educational Psychology in Practice, 23 (1), 63-77.
Ahmed A. A., Zeynab A. Y., and Ahmed M. D (2013) The Effects of Student’s Attendance on Academic Performance: A Case Study at Simad University Mogadishu. Journal of Academic Research International, Vol. 4 (6) pp. 409-417.
Ümit Ö and Nadire A (2011) The Relation between Success and Absenteeism at Esogu English Preparatory School. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. 2011 Jan; 2 (1): 68-72. ISSN 1798-4769.
Balfanz, R., Liza H., and Douglas J. M (2007). “Preventing Student Disengagement and Keeping Students on the Graduation Path in Urban Middle-grades Schools: Early Identification and Effective Interventions.” Educational Psychologist 42 (4): 223-235.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186