Determination of the Ankle-brachial Index in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with an Automatic Oscillometric Device
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 5-8
Received: Feb. 19, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 30, 2019; Published: Apr. 18, 2019
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Authors
Aurelio Sessa, Italian College of General Practitioners and Primary Care, Florence, Italy
Italo Paolini, Italian College of General Practitioners and Primary Care, Florence, Italy
Carlo Fedele Marulli, Italian College of General Practitioners and Primary Care, Florence, Italy
Antonino Di Guardo, Italian College of General Practitioners and Primary Care, Florence, Italy
Gerardo Medea, Italian College of General Practitioners and Primary Care, Florence, Italy
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Abstract
An altered ankle-brachial index (ABI) is an indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Usually the measurement of the systolic pressure in both brachial arteries and pedal pulses is performed with a continuous-wave Doppler ultrasound. Recently an oscillometric automated device is available to measure ABI. This instrument is a simple to use, fast and accurate method suitable for common use in clinical practice. 701 patients with type 2 diabetes who attended consecutively in office were studied by 24 General Practitioners (GPs). 74 patients had an abnormal ABI (≤ 0.90), 240 a borderline ABI (0-90-0.99) and 7 patients ABI ≥ 1.40. All these patients received a Doppler ultrasound examination and 117 had an asymptomatic PAD. GPs reported that the device was easy to use and that it can be an useful instrument of early diagnosis of PAD in daily practice.
Keywords
Peripheral Arterial Disease, Ankle-brachial Index, Automatic Oscillometric Device, Type 2 Diabetes
To cite this article
Aurelio Sessa, Italo Paolini, Carlo Fedele Marulli, Antonino Di Guardo, Gerardo Medea, Determination of the Ankle-brachial Index in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with an Automatic Oscillometric Device, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 5-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20190501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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