Healing Rate of Ruminal Incision in Sheep After Single Dose Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 21-26
Received: Nov. 21, 2018;
Accepted: Dec. 22, 2018;
Published: May 11, 2019
Views 347 Downloads 43
Qayes Taref Ali, Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniyah, Iraq
Ahmed Kadhim Munahi, Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniyah, Iraq
Mohammed Mahdi Yaseen, Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniyah, Iraq
Raed Gahat Mehjal, Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniyah, Iraq
Hassan Al-Karagoly, Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Diwaniyah, Iraq
To assess the effect of single dose of low level laser therapy on ruminal healing after rumenotomy, twelve male Awassi local sheep weighing (30 ± 5) Kg and aging (10 ± 2) months, the animals were divided randomly into two groups, (treatment and control groups) each group include six rams equally, collection of venous blood for total white blood cells counts (WBCs) before surgery, 24 hours after surgery, one week and two weeks post operation, all animal subjected to a routine procedure of rumenotomy and after suturing the rumen; the treatment group exposed to a single dose of low-level laser therapy has 820 nm, 1000 mw, 10 sec, 16 J/cmsq, 146 Hz pulsing rate per second while the control group had to suture only. The total count of WBCs showed there were elevations in the treatment group when compared with control group in 24hrs after surgery, a week post operation and two weeks post operation. The histopathological examinations revealed that the healing processes in the treatment group were faster and better exhibited the granulation tissue characterized by vertical formation of blood vessels with the site of incision and illuminated that the newly blood vessels contained RBCs and proliferation of fibroblasts enriched with newly formed blood vessels when compared with the control group which appeared with low in rate and type of healing process after ten days post-surgery. We conclude that Single dose of LLLT is considered as a fast, cheap, and effective technique which could increase healing processes and/or defense mechanisms after rumenotomy in sheep.
Qayes Taref Ali,
Ahmed Kadhim Munahi,
Mohammed Mahdi Yaseen,
Raed Gahat Mehjal,
Healing Rate of Ruminal Incision in Sheep After Single Dose Effect of Low Level Laser Therapy, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 21-26.
Aref, N.-E. M., & Abdel-Hakiem, M. A. 2013. Clinical and diagnostic methods for evaluation of sharp foreign body syndrome in buffaloes. Veterinary World, 6(9): 586.
Franek, A., Król, P., & Kucharzewski, M. 2002. Does low output laser stimulation enhance the healing of crural ulceration? Some critical remarks. Medical engineering & physics, 24(9): 607-615.
Fubini, S., & Ducharme, N. 2004a. Bovine Surgery In: Farm Animal surgery. Saunders, St. Louise, Missouri.—2004.
Fubini, S., & Ducharme, N. 2004b. Surgical Management of Umbilical Hernia; Food Animal Surgery, Saunders Publication, an imprint of Elsevier Sciences, Philadelphia, United States of America.
Geehan, A. 2003. Comparative study of Two rumenotomy techniques in caprine. MVSc Thesis College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, Sudan University of Science and Technology.
Haskell, S. 2004. Surgery of the sheep and goat digestive system. Farm animal surgery: 521-526.
Hawkins, D., & Abrahamse, H. 2006. Effect of multiple exposures of low-level laser therapy on the cellular responses of wounded human skin fibroblasts. Photomedicine and Laser Therapy, 24(6): 705-714.
Hendrickson, D. A. 2013. Techniques in large animal surgery: John Wiley & Sons.
Heu, F., Forster, C., Namer, B., Dragu, A., & Lang, W. 2013. Effect of low-level laser therapy on blood flow and oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of the foot skin in healthy subjects: a pilot study. Laser therapy, 22(1): 21-30.
Hopkins, J. T., McLoda, T. A., Seegmiller, J. G., & Baxter, G. D. 2004. Low-level laser therapy facilitates superficial wound healing in humans: a triple-blind, sham-controlled study. Journal of athletic training, 39(3): 223.
Houreld, N., & Abrahamse, H. 2007. In vitro exposure of wounded diabetic fibroblast cells to a helium-neon laser at 5 and 16 J/cm2. Photomedicine and laser surgery, 25(2): 78-84.
Ismail, Z. B., Al-Majali, A., & Al-Qudah, K. 2007. Clinical and surgical findings and outcome following rumenotomy in adult dairy cattle affected with recurrent rumen tympany associated with non-metallic foreign bodies. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 2(3): 66-71.
Lucas, C., Criens-Poublon, L. J., Cockrell, C. T., & de Haan, R. J. 2002. Wound healing in cell studies and animal model experiments by Low Level Laser Therapy; were clinical studies justified? A systematic review. Lasers in medical science, 17(2): 110-134.
Mendez, T. M., Pinheiro, A. L., Pacheco, M. T., Nascimento, P. M., & Ramalho, L. M. 2004. Dose and wavelength of laser light have influence on the repair of cutaneous wounds. Journal of clinical laser medicine & surgery, 22(1): 19-25.
Petrie, A., & Watson, P. 2013. Statistics for veterinary and animal science: John Wiley & Sons.
Qadri, T., Miranda, L., Tuner, J., & Gustafsson, A. 2005. The short‐term effects of low‐level lasers as adjunct therapy in the treatment of periodontal inflammation. Journal of clinical periodontology, 32(7): 714-719.
Rocha Júnior, A. M., Vieira, B. J., Andrade, L. C. F. d., & Aarestrup, F. M. 2007. Effects of low-level laser therapy on the progress of wound healing in humans: the contribution of in vitro and in vivo experimental studies. Jornal Vascular Brasileiro, 6(3): 257-265.
Schwartz, A. J., Wilson, D. A., Keegan, K. G., Ganjam, V. K., Sun, Y., Weber, K. T., & Zhang, J. 2002. Factors regulating collagen synthesis and degradation during second-intention healing of wounds in the thoracic region and the distal aspect of the forelimb of horses. American journal of veterinary research, 63(11): 1564-1570.
Scott, R. 2005. Caprin surgery and application. Manoa USA.
Weaver, A. D., Atkinson, O., Jean, G. S., & Steiner, A. 2018. Bovine surgery and lameness: John Wiley & Sons.
Zhao, J., Cheng, K., Deng, H., Zhao, L., Liu, L., Guo, M., Zhang, H., & Shen, X. 2014. The effect of different laser irradiation on cyclophosphamide-induced leucopenia in rats. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2014.