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Prevalence of Plasmodium Species Infection Among Private Security Guards in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 43-46
Received: Feb. 5, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 20, 2017; Published: Mar. 21, 2017
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Authors
Victor Oluwasanmi Amusan, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Yahaya Abdullahi Umar, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
Philip Anthony Vantsawa, Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria
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Abstract
Private security guards play an important role in providing security to the citizenry especially in a developing country like Nigeria. They are however many at times exposed to vector borne diseases such as malaria. To determine the prevalence of Plasmodium species infections among private security guards in Kaduna metropolis, Kaduna-Nigeria, two hundred and sixty-one (261) blood samples were collected and screened for malaria parasite using Malaria Ag P.f and Malaria Ag P.f/Pan kits (SD BIOLINE, Cat. No: SD05FK50 and SD05FK60 respectively). Demography information on guards were collected using structured questionnaires. Result obtained showed an overall prevalence of 17.62% Plasmodium infection among guards screened using both kits. Age, sex and season were found to significantly influence the prevalence of P. falciparum infection among guards in Kaduna metropolis (P < 0.05). It is recommended that managements of private security outfits should provide their staff with adequate protective measures against mosquito transmitted diseases for improved workers efficiency and reduce man hour loss.
Keywords
Prevalence, Malaria, Plasmodium Species, Guards
To cite this article
Victor Oluwasanmi Amusan, Yahaya Abdullahi Umar, Philip Anthony Vantsawa, Prevalence of Plasmodium Species Infection Among Private Security Guards in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 43-46. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20170302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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