Estimation of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) Prevalence in Adult Population in Western European Countries: A Systematic Review
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 13-18
Received: Jan. 16, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 25, 2017; Published: Feb. 16, 2017
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Author
Khan Redzwan Habib, World Health Organisation, Immunisation and Vaccine Development Program, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or CTS has been recognized as an occupational disease in 9 out of 12 members countries of the EU as early as 2001. CTS is ranked 6th among the occupational diseases in Scandinavian countries and also outside EU. Increased prevalence of the disease is believed to have a link with several occupations where work involves exposure to high force and pressure and repetitive work using vibrating tools. Diabetic patients and pregnant women have a high prevalence rate of 30% and 20% consecutively. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) in 27 member countries of Western European (EUR A) by identifying published papers with suitable data. This study used Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta Analysis (PRISMA) checklist for literature search, identification, data collection and evaluation of literatures to estimate prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) in Adult Population in Western European Countries. Following the PRISMA protocol and guidelines for systematic review of quantitative literatures evaluation and tabulation of data was done. It has been confirmed through this study that Carpal Tunnel Syndrome remains as one of the most simple but frequently observed diseases among the adult population in this region. Despite high prevalence of CTS in this region any standard criteria for clinical diagnosis of this disease have not yet been established. There is also no consensus on whether CTS is a clinical or electro-physiologically diagnosed disease. But sufficient pathophysiological and epidemiological evidences are available for a causal relationship to be assumed between manual tasks and the occurrence of CTS. Industries can take actions to educate their workers about these work place safety practices to grow awareness against CTS. Furthermore, research to determine clear causal relation of CTS with occupation and to reach a consensus about the disease’s diagnostic criteria is needed.
Keywords
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, CTS, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) Prevalence, Compressive Neuropathy, Occupational Health
To cite this article
Khan Redzwan Habib, Estimation of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) Prevalence in Adult Population in Western European Countries: A Systematic Review, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017, pp. 13-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20170301.13
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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