The Role of Colostrum Feeding on the Nutritional Status of Preschool Children in Afambo District, Northeast Ethiopia: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 87-91
Received: Sep. 9, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 28, 2016; Published: Dec. 29, 2016
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Authors
Misgan Legesse Liben, Department of Public Health, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia
Taye Abuhay, Department of Statistics, Institute of Technology, Bahir Dar University, Amhara, Ethiopia
Yohannes Haile, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) recommend colostrum feeding in the first few days after birth. Colostrum is the first milk containing proteins, vitamin A and maternal antibodies. Objective: This study was aimed to assess the role of colostrum feeding on the nutritional status of preschool children in Afambo district, Afar Region, Northeastern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in Afambo district of Afar Regional State from January 21 to February 05/2015. Anthropometric measurements (weight and length/height) were done for all study children. WHO Anthro version 3.2.2 was used to convert height and weight measures into z-scores using the WHO reference population. Then, Chi-square test statistic was used to test the association between colostrum feeding and child under nutrition. Results: A total of 370 mother-child pairs were included in the study. Ninety one percent of the study mothers had ever breastfed their index child. About 35% of the mothers discarded colostrums. The chi-square test showed that colostrum feeding was associated with the three indicators of child under nutrition (stunting, underweight and wasting). Conclusion: This study showed that colostrum feeding is associated with the lower probabilities of under nutrition among preschool children. Therefore, all health partners aimed at improving the nutritional status of preschool children should give emphasis on the importance of colostrum feeding in the study area.
Keywords
Afambo, Colostrum, Ethiopia, Nutritional Status, Preschool Children
To cite this article
Misgan Legesse Liben, Taye Abuhay, Yohannes Haile, The Role of Colostrum Feeding on the Nutritional Status of Preschool Children in Afambo District, Northeast Ethiopia: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2016, pp. 87-91. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20160206.15
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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