Microbial and Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of High Vaginal Swab Culture Results in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis of the Western Region of Ghana: Retrospective Study
European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 45-50
Received: Sep. 12, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 1, 2016; Published: Nov. 23, 2016
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Authors
Verner Ndudiri Orish, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Health and Allied Sciences, UHAS, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
Jones Ofori-Amoah, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Health and Allied Sciences, UHAS, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
Mahama François, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Ho Polytechnic, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana
Bruku Kwesi Silverius, Department of Quality Assurance, Takoradi Polytechnic, Takoradi, Western Region, Ghana
Ebenezer Kofi Mensah, Public Health Laboratory, Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital, Sekondi-Takoradi, Western Region, Ghana
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Abstract
Vaginal discharge in women is sometimes caused by candida or aerobic bacteria organisms like E. coli, staphylococcus aureus, and β- haemolytic streptococcus. Culture and sensitivity testing are done from high vaginal swab (HVS) specimen collected from women who come to the clinic complaining of vaginal discharge. Isolation and antibiotic sensitivity of these organisms are key to the successful treatment of the cause of vaginal discharge. This study tends to evaluate the microbial and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of high vaginal swab culture results in the Sekondi-Takoradi metropolis of the Western region of Ghana. This is a 3-year retrospective study conducted in the Public Health laboratory of Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital. Records of HVS culture and sensitivity results for 2010-2012 were retrieved and reviewed. A total of 3783 culture and sensitivity results were reviewed. 1483 yielded no growth of pathogenic organisms. Candida species were the predominant microbial organism, 63.2% (1455/2300). Bacteria identified were mostly the aerobic types (845); with Escherichia coli being predominant, 29.9% (235/845), while Morganella morgani was the least bacteria, 0.2% (2/845). Adult women (20-50) had the most pathogens isolated from them, with 79.9% of candida (1047/1455) and 71.2% of the aerobic bacteria (602/845). The least organism isolated was seen in the elderly and children, with 6.3% (92/1455) of candida, 9.7% (82/845) of aerobic bacteria and 6.9% (101/1455) of candida and 8.04% (68/845) of aerobic bacteria respectively. The cephalosporins showed the best antibiotic sensitivity. Candida spp. and aerobic bacteria were the predominant microbial organisms identified from HVS results in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis. Proper laboratory diagnosis to identify causative organisms is vital for optimal therapeutic outcome.
Keywords
Vaginal Discharge, High Vaginal Swab, Bacterial Vaginosis, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis
To cite this article
Verner Ndudiri Orish, Jones Ofori-Amoah, Mahama François, Bruku Kwesi Silverius, Ebenezer Kofi Mensah, Microbial and Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of High Vaginal Swab Culture Results in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis of the Western Region of Ghana: Retrospective Study, European Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2016, pp. 45-50. doi: 10.11648/j.ejcbs.20160205.13
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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