Prevalence and Associated Factors of Primary Dysmenorrhea Among Debre Tabor University Students, North Central Ethiopia
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 70-74
Received: Feb. 6, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 11, 2019; Published: Mar. 26, 2019
Views 575      Downloads 196
Awoke Giletew, Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Workaferahu Bekele, Department of Midwifery, College of Health Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Primary dysmenorrhea is a painful menstrual cramp without any evident pathology to account for them. It is the most common gynecologic disorders and fréquently observed cause of anxiety and discomfort among female adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea, its effect on academic performance and factors associated among Debre Tabor University students. An Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted between March and June, 2017. A total of 183 regular students from all departments at Debre Tabor University were included. Structured and pretested self-administrated questionnaires were used. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were employed. The result indicated the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea was 62.3%. Among them students with primary dysmenorrhea 67 (58.7%) had negative effect on their daily activities. Family history of dysmenorrhea (AOR=2.930 95%CI: 1.505, 5.707), early age of menarche 12-15 (AOR=4.072, 95% CI. 2.039) and menstrual cycle irregularity (AOR=2.262, 95% CI: 1.102, 4,643) were factors that significantly contributed to the presence of primary dysmenorrhea. Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea among Debre Tabor University student was high. It has négative effect on daily activities and academic performances of the students. Family history of dysmenorrhea, early age of menarche and menstrual cycle irregularity are factors that significantly contributed to the presence of primary dysmenorrhea among students of Debre Tabor University. Thus appropriate medical management and counseling should be considered to engage students in physical activity.
Primary Dysmenorrhea, Menstruation, Age at Menarche, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Awoke Giletew, Workaferahu Bekele, Prevalence and Associated Factors of Primary Dysmenorrhea Among Debre Tabor University Students, North Central Ethiopia, International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2018, pp. 70-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbecs.20180404.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Lentz G, Lobo R, Gershenson D, et al. Comprehensive Gynecology. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2012.
Impey L, Child T. Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Chicester, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
Montoya, J. S., Cabezza, A. H., Rojas, O. M., Navarrete, R. C., & Keever, M. A., (2012). Menstrual disorders in adolescents. Bolet_ın m_edico del Hospital Infantil de M_exico, 69 (1), 60–72.
Patel V, Tanksale V, Sahasrabhojanee M, et al. The burden and determinants of dysmenorrhoea: a population-based survey of 2262 women in Goa, India. BJOG. 2006; 113 (4): 453–463.
Latthe P, Latthe M, Say L, et al. WHO systematic review of prevalence of chronic pelvic pain: a neglected reproductive health morbidity. BMC Public Health. 2006; 6: 177.
Harlow SD, Ephross SA. Epidemiology of menstruation and its relevance to women’s health. Epidemiol Rev. 1995; 17 (2): 265–286.
Kennedy S. Primary dysmenorrhoea. Lancet. 1997; 349 (9059): 1116.
Rodrigues AC, Gala S, Neves A, et al. Dysmenorrhea in adolescents and young adults: prevalence, related factors and limitations in daily living. Acta Med Port. 2011; 24 (suppl 2): 383–392.
Dawood MY. Hormones, prostaglandin and dysmenorrhea. In: Dawood MY, editor. Dysmenorrhea. Baltimore (MD): Williams and Wilkins; 1981. p. 20–52.
Shiferaw MT, Wubshet M, Tegabu D (2014) Menstrual problems and associated factors among students of Bahir Dar University, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia: A cross-sectional survey. Pan Afr Med J 17: 246.
Tolossa FW, Bekele ML (2014) Prevalence, impacts and medical managements of premenstrual syndrome among female students: Cross sectional study in college of health sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. BMC women's health 4: 1.
Zegeye DT, Megabiaw B, Mulu A. Age at menarche and the menstrual pattern of secondary school adolescents in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health. 2009; 9 (1): 1–8.
Nooh AM. Menstrual disorders among Zagazig University students, Zagazig, Egypt. Middle East Fertil Soc J. 2015; 20 (3): 198–203.
Amaza DS, Sambo N, Zirahei JV, Dalori MB, Japhet H, Toyin H. Menstrual pattern among female medical students in University of Maiduguri, Nigeria. Br J Med Med Res. 2 (3): 327–37. 2012 Jul-Sep.
Ozerdogan N, Sayiner D, Ayranci U, Unsal A, Giray S. Prevalence and predictors of dysmenorrhea among students at a university in Turkey. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2009; 107 (1): 39–43.
Unsal A, Ayranci U, Tozun M, Arslan G, Calik E. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its effect on quality of life among a group of female university students. Ups J Med Sci. 2010; 115 (2): 138–45.
Shah M, Monga A, Patel S, Shah M, Bakshi H. A study of prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in young students-a cross-sectional study. Indian J Community Med. 2013; 4 (2): 30-4.
Oni TH, Tshitangano TG. Prevalence of menstrual disorders and its academic impact amongst Tshivenda speaking teenagers in rural South Africa. J Hum Ecol. 2015; 51 (1, 2): 214–9.
Cerin A, Collins A, Land-grant BM, Eneroth P. Hormonal and biochemical profiles of premenstrual syndrome. Acta ObstetGynecol Scand. 1993; 72: 337-43. Pub Med | Google Scholar.
Chongpensuklerty, kawrudees, soontrapas, S, Sakondhavutc, dysmenorrheal in Thai secondary school students khonkaen, Thailand, Thailand J obstetric gynaecol 2008; 16 (1); 47-53.
BanikarimC, chacko MR kelder SH prevalence and impact of dysmenorrheal on Hispanic female adolescents. Arch oediatradolesc med. 2000; 154 (12); 1226-1229.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186