Effect of Mycorrhiza, Fertilizers and Planting Media on Rock Melon (Cucumis Melo Linn Cv. Glamour) Growth Using The Canopytechture Structure
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages: 14-19
Received: Oct. 11, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 26, 2018;
Published: Jan. 29, 2019
Views 894 Downloads 132
Hamdan Mohd Noor, Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Malaysia
Hanim Ahmad, Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Malaysia
Zulhazmi Sayuti, Horticulture Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Malaysia
Rock melon (Cucumis melo Linn), one of the most popular and delicious fruits of Malaysia has great potential for commercial development. Currently, rock melon is most widely cultivated under rain shelter structure using soilless culture. This study aimed to determine the effect of mycorrhiza, various fertilizer and planting media applications on growth performance of rock melon (Cucumis melo Linn cv. Glamour) in open area. The experiment comprised the following treatments: T1 = Medium A - Mycorrhizal + Inorganic fertilizer, T2 = Medium A + Mycorrhiza + Organic fertilizer, T3 = Medium A + Mycorrhiza + Inorganic fertilizer, T4 = Medium A - Mycorrhizal + Organic fertilizer, T5 = Medium B + Mycorrhiza + Organic fertilizer, T6 = Medium B + Mycorrhiza + Inorganic fertilizer, T7 = Medium B - Mycorrhiza + Organic fertilizer and T8 = Medium B - Mycorrhiza + Inorganic fertilizer. Medium A consisted of Peat moss + Perlite + Vermiculite while Medium B comprised Peat moss + Perlite + Vermiculite + Top soil. A randomised complete block design experiment with three replications was conducted at the Horticulture Research Centre plot, MARDI, Serdang. Different types of fertilizer, planting media and applications of arbuscular mycorrhizal had effects on fruit production and yield of melon as compared to control (T1). Maximum and significant yield of melon was from T6 plants. Furthermore, the maximum fruit weight and total soluble solids of 1350 g and 14.25 °Brix, respectively, were from T6 treated plants and the minimum was from T4 (717 g and 10.17 °Brix, respectively). The presence of the indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculums in planting media was successful in colonizing plant roots, resulting in better plant growth and significantly enhanced yield of rock melon. This study suggested the possibility of applying moderate combinations of planting media with mycorrhiza in producing good quality and high yield of rock melon.
Hamdan Mohd Noor,
Effect of Mycorrhiza, Fertilizers and Planting Media on Rock Melon (Cucumis Melo Linn Cv. Glamour) Growth Using The Canopytechture Structure, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 14-19.
Hooker, J. E. and Black, K. E. 1995. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as components of sustainable soil-plant systems. Crit Rev Biotechnol., 15, 201-212.
Hamdan, M. N. 2015. Effect of partial root drying, regulated deficit irrigation and mycorrhiza on growth performance and physiological responses of rock melon (Cucumis melo Linn). MSc. Thesis., University Putra Malaysia, 2015. 113 pp.
Ortas, I., Kaya, Z. and Cakmak, I. 2001. Influence of VAmycorrhiza inoculation on growth of maize and green pepper plants in phosphorus and zinc deficient soils. In: Plant nutrition- Food security and sustainability of agroecosystems (Horst, W. J. et al., eds). Kluwer Acad Publ., Dordrecht. pp. 632-633.
Al-Karaki, G. N. 2006. Nursery inoculation of tomato with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and subsequent performance under irrigation with saline water. Scientia Horticulture., 109, 1-7.
Plenchette, C., Clermont-Dauphin, C., Meynard, J. M. and Fortin, J. A. 2005. Managing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in cropping systems. Can J Plant Sci., 85(1), 31-40.
Estaun, V., Camprubi, A. and Joner E. J. 2002. Selecting arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for field application. In: Mycorrhizal technology in agriculture (Gianinazzi, S., Schuepp, H., Barea, J. M., Haselwandter, K. and eds.). Birkhauser Verlag, Berlin. pp. 249-259.
Ortas, I. 2008. Field trials on mycorrhizal inoculation in the eastern mediterranean horticultural region. In: Mycorrhiza works (F. Feldmann, Y. Kapulnık, J. Baar and eds). Hannover, Germany. pp 56-77.
Kubota, M., Mcgonigle, T. P. and Hyakumachi, M. 2005. Co-occurrence of Arumand Paris-type morphologies of arbuscular mycorrhizae in cucumber and tomato. Mycorrhiza 15, 73-77.
Sainz, M. J., Taboada-Castro, M. T. and Vilarino, A. 1998. Growth, mineral nutrition and mycorrhizal colonization of red clover and cucumber plants grown in a soil amended with composted urban wastes. Plant Soil., 205, 85-92.
Charron, G., Furlan, V., Bernier-Cardou, M. and Doyon, G. 2001. Response of onion plants to arbuscular mycorrhizae. 2. Effects of inoculum method and phosphorus fertilization on biomass and bulp firmness. Mycorrhiza 11, 187-197.
Ortas, I. 2003. Effect of selected mycorrhizal inoculation on phosphorus sustainability in sterile and no-sterile soils in the Harran Plain in South Anatolia. J Plant Nutr., 26(1), 1-17.
Statistical Analysis System (SAS Institute). 2011. SAS software, release 6.08. 6th ed., Inc Cary, NC, USA.
Cagras, S., Sari, N. and Ortas, I. 2000. The effects of vesicular- arbuscular mycorrhizae on the plant growth and nutrient uptake of cucumber. Turk J Agric Forest., 24, 571-578.
Lee, Y. J. and George, E. 2005. Contribution of mycorrhizal hyphae to the uptake of metal cations by cucumber plants at two levels of phosphorus supply. Plant Soil., 278(1-2), 361-370.
Wang, C., Li, X., Zhou, J., Wang, G. and Dong, Y. 2008. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and yield of cucumber plants. Comm Soil Sci Plant Anal., 39, 499-509.