Registration of ‘NAROSORG2’ Sorghum Variety with Desirable Farmer Attributes for Uganda
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 76-79
Received: Jun. 19, 2020; Accepted: Jul. 3, 2020; Published: Jul. 23, 2020
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Authors
Charles Andiku, National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Soroti, Uganda
Geofrey Lubadde, Department of Crop Production and Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Busitema University, Tororo, Uganda
Charles John Aru, National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Soroti, Uganda
John Emanio, National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Soroti, Uganda
Michael Adrogu Ugen, National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Soroti, Uganda
Johnie Ebiyau, National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute (NaSARRI), Soroti, Uganda
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Abstract
Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is the major cereal in Uganda that has recently evolved from being a food crop to a cash crop. However, low farm yields of less than 500 kg ha-1 have been recorded due to both abiotic and biotic stresses. Consequently, NaSARRI developed NAROSORG2, released in 2017, that can withstand some of the abiotic and biotic stresses. NAROSORG2 is a derived red seeded local landrace selection (IS8193) from East Africa, advanced by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) through repeated bulk selections for tolerance against abiotic and biotic stresses. The agronomic evaluation was carried out in Uganda for the first and second rainy seasons of 2017 and the findings indicated that NAROSORG2, out-performed the check commercial variety, SESO3 with mean grain yield of 2740 kg ha-1 across the entire environment. It also recorded early days to 50% flowering of 65.23 days (early maturity variety) like the commercial check variety, SESO3 with a medium height of 165.35 cm. NAROSORG2 has superior agronomic traits of stay-green trait, resistant to bird damage due to high levels of tannins, drought, midge, and Striga tolerant, good for food, and local brew. Therefore, it will supplement other released varieties in contributing to food security and poverty alleviation among the rural communities in Uganda.
Keywords
Variety Registration, NAROSORG2, Evaluation, and Genotypes
To cite this article
Charles Andiku, Geofrey Lubadde, Charles John Aru, John Emanio, Michael Adrogu Ugen, Johnie Ebiyau, Registration of ‘NAROSORG2’ Sorghum Variety with Desirable Farmer Attributes for Uganda, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 76-79. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200604.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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