Effects of Different Seeding Rate and Row Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Narbon Vetch (Vicia narbonensis) in Bale Highlands
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2020, Pages: 21-25
Received: Apr. 3, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 23, 2020; Published: May 19, 2020
Views 271      Downloads 94
Berhanu Tassew, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Aliyi Kedu, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Teklu Wegi, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Narbon vetch (Vicia narbonensis) is among vetch species adapted to highlands of Bale. It is semi-erect to erect vetch with striking similar to faba bean. Seed rate and row spacing are among the most important factors affecting dry matter and seed yield of any crops. However, optimum seed rate and row spacing were not determined for narbon vetch under conditions of Bale high lands. Therefore, the experiment was conducted from 2014-2017 on research field of Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Sinana on-farm and Agarfa research subsite with the objective of determining optimum seed rate and row spacing for yield and yield components of narbon vetch under conditions of Bale highlands. Narbon vetch variety ‘Abdeta’ that was released from Sinana Agricultural Research Center in 2011 was used as a test crop for this experiment. The treatments consisted of three row spacing intervals (20 cm, 30 cm and 40 cm) and six seed rate levels (30 Kg/ha, 45 Kg/ha, 60 kg/ha, 75 Kg/ha, 90 Kg/ha and 105 Kg/ha) laid out in factorial combination of randomized complete block design (RCBD) replicated three times. The analysis of variance showed that seed rate and row spacing had a significant effect on yield and yield components of narbon vetch. The highest seed yield (43.22 qt/ha) was obtained from narbon vetch planted at a seed rate level of 60 kg/ha. Row spacing of 20 cm had also leaded to highest seed and dry matter yield. Based on the current study it was concluded that narbon vetch can be produced at a seed rate of 60 kg/ha and 20 cm row spacing in high lands of Bale and similar agro-ecologies.
Bale Highlands, Narbon Vetch, Row Spacing, Seed Rate, Yield, Yield Components
To cite this article
Berhanu Tassew, Aliyi Kedu, Teklu Wegi, Effects of Different Seeding Rate and Row Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Narbon Vetch (Vicia narbonensis) in Bale Highlands, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 21-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20200602.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Solomon Bogale, Solomon Melaku and AlemuYami. 2009. The Interdependence of Crop Livestock Production Sectors: The Case of Sinana Dinsho District in Bale Highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical and Subtropical Agro ecosystems, 42 (2): 65-71.
Humphrey, L. R. 1994. Tropical forages: their role in sustainable agriculture. The University of Queens land. Australia.
Haynes, R. J. 1980. Competitive aspects of the grass-legume association. Adv. Agronomy. 33: 227-261.
Robinson, R. C. 1969. Annual legume: cereal mixtures for forage and seed. Agro. J. 61: 759-761.
Anil, L., Park, J., Phipps, R. H, Miller, F. A. 1998. Temperate intercropping of cereals for forage: a review of the potential for growth and utilization with particular reference to the UK. Grass Forage Sciences, 53: 301-317.
Hughes, H. D., M. E. Heath and D. S. Metcalfe. 1969. Forages The Lowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA. p. 707.
Hailu Keno and Lulseged Gebrehiwot. 1983. prospects of vetches (Vicia spp.) as forage legumes for the highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Science 5 (2): 131-138.
Dawit Abate, Aliye Kadu and Sisay Belete. 2011. Registration of Abdeta, Gebisa and Lalisa Vetch Varieties for Bale Highlands, Ethiopia. East African Journal of Sciences, 5 (2): 135-137.
McEwen J., DP. Yeoman R. Moffitt. 1988. Effect of seed rates, sowing dates and methods of sowing on autumn sown field beans (Vicia faba L.). J. Agric. Sci. Cambridge 110, p. 345–352.
Martiniello, P. and A. Ciola. 1995. Dry matter and seed yield of mediterranean annual legume species. Agron. J., 87: 985-993.
Noffsinger LS., E. Santen. 1995. Yield and yield components of spring- sown white lupin in the south easternUSA. Agron. J. 87: p. 493–497 production in Crimea. Herb. Abs., 43: 63.
Tawaha AM., Turk MA. 2001. Effect of date and rate of sowing on yield and yield components of narbon vetch under semi-arid condition. Acta Agron. Hung. 49 (1): p. 103–105.
Aydogdu, L. and E. Acikgoz. 1995. Effect of seeding rate on seed and hay yield in common vetch (Vicia sativa L.). J. Agron. and Crop Sci., 174: 181-187.
Seymour, M., K. H. M. Siddique, N. Brandon, L. Martin and E. Jackson. 2002. Response of vetch (Vicia spp.) to plant density in south western Australia. Australian J. Exp. Agric., 42: 1043-1051.
Tamer Yavuz, Mustafa Surmen and Necda Cankaya. 2011. Effect of row spacing and seeding rate on yield and yield components of common vetch (vicia sativa. L). Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment. Helsinki, Finland. Volume 9 (1): 369-371.
SARC (Sinana Agricultural Research Center). 2014. Information bulletin on major achievements. Bale, Ethiopia.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System) Institute Inc. 2004. SAS Online Doc® 9.1.3. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Alemayehu A, Wassu M, Tamado T. 2015. Effect of Seed Sources and Rates on Productivity of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum l.) Varieties at Kersa, Eastern Ethiopia, MSc thesis.
Tewodros Ayalew, bereket abebe and Tarekegn Yoseph. 2017. Response of wheat (Tritium aestivum L.) to variable seed rates: the case of hawassa area, southern Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 12 (14), pp. 1177-1181, 6 April, 2017. DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2017.12196.
Abbas G, Ali MA, Azam M, Hussain I. 2009. Impact of Planting Methods on Wheat Grain Yield and Yield Contributing parameters. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 19 (1): 30-33.
Baloch MS, Shah ITH, Nadim MA, Khan MI, Khakwani AA. 2010. Effect of Seeding Density, and Planting Time on Growth and Yield Attributes Wheat. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 20 (4): 239-240.
Bekalu abeba and Arega Abebe. 2016. Effect of seed rate on yield and yield componenets of tef ((Eragrostic tef) trotter) at shebedino, southern Ethiopia. Journal of Natural Sciences Research. ISSN 2224-3186 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0921 (Online). Vol. 6, No. 21.
Mulatu Gabisa, Ejigu Ejara and Zinash Misgana. 2017. Effect of phosphorus application and plant density on yield and yield components of haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris l.) at yabello southern Ehiopia. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAS). Volume-3, Issue-3, March 2017 ISSN: 2395-3470. www.ijseas.com.
Ball, R. A., L. C. Purcell and E. D. Vories. 2000. Short-season soybean yield compensation in response to population and water regime. Crop Science, 40: 1070-1078.
Abo El-Zahab, A. A., A. A. Al-Babawy and I. S. Nidway. 1981. Density studies on faba beans (Viciafaba L.) II: Growth parameters. Agronomy and Crop Science Journal, 150: 303- 312.
Ayaz, S., D. L. McNeil, B. A. McKenzie and G. D. Hill. 2001. Density and sowing depth effects on yield components of grain legumes. Proceedings of Agronomic Society. New Zealand, 29: 9-15.
Abdel, L. Y. I. 2008. Effect of seed size and plant spacing on yield and yield components of faba bean (Viciafaba L.). Research Journal of Agriculture Biological Science, 4 (2): 146-148.
Melak Agajie. 2018. Effect of spacing on yield components and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinumL.) at Assosa, Western Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2018, pp. 39-51. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20180702.11.
Ashinie Bogale and Kindie Tesfaye. 2016. Relationship between grain yield components of the Ethiopian durum wheat genotypes at various growth stages. Tropical and subtropical agroecosystems, vol. 19, núm. 1, 2016, pp. 81-91Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, Yucatán, México.
Khan, A. J., F. Azam. Ali A. 2010. Relationship of morphological traits and grain yield in recombinant inbred wheat lines grown under drought conditions. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42 (1): 259-267.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186