Village Poultry Production Health and Management System in Benue State, Nigeria
International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 117-122
Received: Nov. 29, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 21, 2018; Published: Jan. 18, 2019
Views 181      Downloads 38
Authors
Abah Helen Owoya, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Abdu Paul Ayuba, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Sa’idu Lawal, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Most rural communities in Nigeria keep village poultry (VP). These birds are kept with minimal input of resources and are considered by most smallholders as supplementary to the main livelihood activities. A study on village poultry production, health and management system in Benue State was conducted in 24 communities of six Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Benue State. Data were collected through interview by using structured questionnaires, group discussion with key informants and direct observation. The results showed that the main management system used by the village poultry farmers (VPF) was the free range system (92.9%). Most of the VPF (95.6%) provided housing for their birds, some used their kitchen (40.2%) to house birds, about 32.6% used thatched houses. The study showed that 49% gave feed supplement to their birds in the morning, 13.2% gave in the evening. The feed supplement given include guinea corn (29.6%), maize (14.3%) and household leftovers. The main source of drinking water for the birds was from the community well (40.8%) and water from the river (35.7%). Predators (52%) and theft (22.4%) were identified as the commonest cause of losses in the village poultry. About 42.0% of the VPF would eat sick birds, 19.0% (5/98) would use local treatment, while about 36.9% (35/98) would seek veterinary help. The weekly market (62.2%) was where most of the farmers sell their birds. About (81.6%) of the VPF who participated in the study had some knowledge of poultry diseases with Newcastle disease ranking highest in terms of outbreak and mortality. Women played a major role in village poultry development through ownership (61.2%) of the flocks and provision of labour. The study concluded that the productivity of the village poultry in Benue State was low and thus calls for appropriate interventions to be focused on the improvement of feeding, housing and health care.
Keywords
Village Poultry, Free Range, Household, Production, Benue State
To cite this article
Abah Helen Owoya, Abdu Paul Ayuba, Sa’idu Lawal, Village Poultry Production Health and Management System in Benue State, Nigeria, International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2018, pp. 117-122. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20180406.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Alders, R, Spradbrow, P. B. (2001). Controlling Newcastle Disease in Village Chicken. A Field Manual. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Monograph No. 821, Pp. 19.
[2]
Melesse, A, Negese, T. (2011). Phenotypic and morphological characterization of Indigenous chicken population in Southern region of Ethiopia. Animal. Genetic Resources Information Journal, 49: 19-31.
[3]
Moges, F, Melesse, A, Dessie, T. (2010). Assessment of village chicken production system and evaluation of the productive and reproductive performance of local chicken ecotype in Bure district, North West Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural. Resources, 5(13): 1739-1748.
[4]
Sonaiya, E. B. and Olori, V. E. (1999). Village chicken production in south-western Nigeria. Proceedings of an International Workshop on Rural Poultry Development in Africa, 13-16 Nov.1989, Ile Ife Nigeria, pp 243-247.
[5]
Muchadeyi, F. C., Wollny, C. B. A, Eding, H., Weigend, S., Makuza, S. M. and Simianer, H. (2007): Variation in village chicken production systems among agro-ecological zones of Zimbabwe. Trop. Anim. Health Prod.39:453-546.
[6]
Hunduma, D., Regassa, C., Fufa, D., Endale, B. and Samson, L. (2010): Major Constraints and Health Management of Village Poultry Production in Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia. Global veterinaria, 5(1): 06-10.
[7]
Ahmed, M. (2018). Major Constraints and Health Management of Village Poultry Production in Ethiopia: Review School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia. Inter. Journal of Research Studies in Microbiology and Biotechnology 4 (1): 1-10.
[8]
Butt, T. M., Z. Y. Hassan, Z. Y., Mehmood, K. and Muhammad, S. (2010). Role of rural women in agricultural development and their constraints. J. Agric. Soc. Sci., 6: 53-56. 2010.
[9]
Miao, Z. H., Glatz, P. C. and Ru, Y. J. (2005). Free-range poultry production - A review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18(1):113-132.
[10]
Tadelle, D. and Ogle, B. (2001). Village production systems in the Central highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 33 (6): 521-53.
[11]
Muchadeyi, F. C., S. Sibanda, N. T. Kusina, J. F. Kusina and S. Makuza. (2005). Village chicken flock dynamics and the contribution of chickens to household livelihoods in a smallholder farming in Zimbabwe. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 37(4):333-334.
[12]
Oladele, S. B., Abdu, P., Esievo, K. A. N., Nok, A. J., Useh, N. M. (2003). Prevalence of Newcastle disease virus antibodies in chickens reared in Zaria. Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society of Animal Production., 28:7-9.
[13]
Abdu, P. A., Sa’idu, L. and George, B. D. J. (2002). Disease of local poultry in Nigeria. Discovery and Innovation, 14 (12): 107-118.
[14]
Alders, R. G, Spradbrow, P. B, Young, M. P. (2009). Village chickens, poverty alleviation and the sustainable control of Newcastle disease. Proceedings of an international conference held in Dares Salaam, Tanzania, 5–7 October 2005. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Proceedings No. 131, Pp. 235.
[15]
Adene, D. F, Oguntade, A. E. (2006). The structure and importance of the commercial and rural based poultry industry in Nigeria. Food and Agriculture Organization (Rome) study, October, 2006, Pp. 1-70.
[16]
Alemayehu, A., Yilma, T., Shibeshi, Z. and Workneh, T. (2015): Village Chicken Production Systems in Selected Areas of Benishangul-Gumuz, Western Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 9 (3): 123-132.
[17]
Mapiye, C, Sibanda, S. (2005). Constraints and opportunities of village chicken production system in the small holder sector of Rushinga district of Zimbabwe. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 17(10): 1-7.
[18]
Mavale, A. P. (2000). Epidemiology and control of Newcastle disease in rural poultry in Mozambique country report http://w.w.w.aciar.gov.au/projects/index-htm. Pp. 20 - 25.
[19]
Nwanta, J. A, Umoh, J. U, Abdu, P. A, Ajogi, I, Alli-Balogunm, J. K. (2006). Management of losses and Newcastle disease in rural poultry in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Animal Production, 33 (2): 274–285.
[20]
Gueye, E. H. F. (2005). Gender aspects in family poultry management systems in developing countries. In: XXII World’s Poultry Congress, 8 -13 Jan 2004, Istanbul (Turkey). World’s Poultry Science Journal, 61:39 – 46.
[21]
Hassan, D. I, Ogah, D. M, Yusuf, N. D, Musa-Azara, I. S, Ari, M. M, Alaga, A. A. (2012). Village chicken flock ownership, management and constraints in Keana, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Egyptian Poultry Science, 32: 4: 809-817.
[22]
Mwale, M., E. Bhebhe, M. Chimonyo and Halimani. T. E. (2005). Use of herbal plants in poultry health management in the Mushagashe Small-Scale Commercial Farming Area in Zimbabwe. Inter. J. Appl. Res. Vet. Med. 3(2):163-170.
[23]
Abah, H. O, Assam, A. and Abdu, P. A. (2017). Newcastle disease and biosecurity practices in live bird markets in Benue state, Nigeria. Nigerian Veterinary Journal, 38(1):13-25.
[24]
Mapiye, M. Mwale, J. F. Mupangwa, M. Chimonyo, R. Foti and Mutenje M. J. (2008). A Research Review of Village Chicken Production Constraints and Opportunities in Zimbabwe. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21(11): 1680-1688.
[25]
Musa, U., Abdu, P. A., Dafwang, I. I., Umoh, J. U., Sa’idu, L., Mera, U. M. and Edachei, J. A. (2009). Seroprevalence, seasonal occurrence and clinical manifestation of Newcastle disease in rural household chicken in Plateau State, Nigeria. Inter. J. of Poultry Science, 8(2): 2000-2004.
[26]
Terefe, D., Redeat, B., Hassen, C., Melaku, S., Abebe, M., Getachew, G., Kumela, L. and Delesa, D. (2015): Serological and molecular study of Newcastle disease virus in village chickens in selected Rift Valley Areas, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Sci Technol. 6:264.
[27]
Abah, H. O, Abdu, P. A. and Assam, A. (2016). Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus in chickens in six local government areas of Benue state, Nigeria. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 15: 454-458.
[28]
Musa, U, Abdu, P. A, Mera, U. M, Emmenna, P. E, Ahmed, M. S. (2010). Vaccination with Newcastle disease vaccine strain I-2 and La Sota in commercial and local chickens in Plateau State, Nigerian Veterinary Journal, 31(1): 46-55.
[29]
Fisseha, M., Azage, T. and Tadelle, D. (2010). Indigenous chicken production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and opportunities for market-oriented development. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project Working Paper 24. Nairobi, Kenya, ILRI.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186