Chemical Analysis of Eucalyptus grandis Wood Manured with Biosolid on Two Valuation Methods
American Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 55-59
Received: Oct. 9, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 18, 2017; Published: Nov. 10, 2017
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Authors
Ricardo Marques Barreiros, Department of Industrial Engineering, State University of São Paulo, Itapeva-SP, Brazil
Fábio Minoru Yamaji, Department of Environmental Sciences, Federal University of São Carlos, Sorocaba-SP, Brazil
Tufic Madi Filho, Energy and Nuclear Research Institute, University of São Paulo, São Paulo-SP, Brazil
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Abstract
Neutron activation analysis followed by a gamma-ray spectroscopy and physico-chemical methods were used to conduct a thorough investigation of the elements transferred from sewage sludge (biosolid) into the wood of Eucalyptus grandis. Four different manure samples were analyzed: control without biosolid and samples with 10, 20 and 40 t ha-1 of biosolid. A significant increase of Ca was detected, but there was no change in K and a clear decline in Mn. The experiment showed that the application of biosolids is a good alternative as fertilizer, since it gives a destination to this residual product without compromising the wood with heavy metals, it can even make the cellulose pulp bleaching process less expensive, due to the decrease of the content of Mn.
Keywords
Sewage Sludge, Gamma-Rays Spectroscopy, Thermal Neutron Activation, Heavy Metals, Cellulosic Pulp
To cite this article
Ricardo Marques Barreiros, Fábio Minoru Yamaji, Tufic Madi Filho, Chemical Analysis of Eucalyptus grandis Wood Manured with Biosolid on Two Valuation Methods, American Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2017, pp. 55-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhc.20170305.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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