Characterization of Oil Extracted from Two Varieties of Tiger Nut (Cyperus esculentus L.) Tubers
American Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 28-36
Received: May 16, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 12, 2017; Published: Jul. 27, 2017
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Authors
Aliyu Ahmad Warra, Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Federal University, Gusau, Nigeria
Leye Jonathan Babatola, Department of Chemical Sciences, Biochemistry Unit, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Nigeria
Adedara Adejoju Omodolapo, Chemistry Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Basiru Dende Ibraheem, Department of Chemical Sciences, Biochemistry Unit, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Nigeria
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Abstract
The qualitative determination of fatty acids from hexane extract of two varieties of Cyperus esculentus L. tuber oil using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed the following fatty acids; palmitic acid, steric acid, Margaric acid, elaidic acid, oleic acid, erucic acid, behenic acid. and arachidic acid. For the Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) analysis, bands of 3469.09 cm-1, 3463.3 cm-1, sharp bands at 2867.28 cm-1, 2037.86 cm-1 and 2866.32 cm-1 asymmetrical and symmetrical modes of vibration of –CH2-, strong band 1742.74 cm-1 and 1743.71 cm-1 due to ester carbonyl functional group of the triacylglycerols, bending vibrations of the CH2 and CH3 aliphatic groups,(C-CO-O- and O-CH2-C) and the in-planebending vibration of CH cis-olefinic groups seen at 1449.55 cm-1, 1364 cm-1 and 1450.52 cm-1, 1365.65, and 1450.52 cm-1, 1365.65 cm-1, vibration frequency at, 1166.97 cm-1 finger print of the stretching vibration of the C-O ester group, frequencies of the in-and out-of plane rocking of the cis-olefinic CH2 group at 718.51 cm-1 were observed for the brown and yellow tiger nut tubers oil respectively. The results were in favour of the utilization of the two varieties of Tiger nut (Cyperus esculentus L.) tubers oil in cosmetics, polymer and food industries.
Keywords
Tiger Nut Tuber Oil, GC-MS, FT-IR, Fatty Acids, Cosmetics, Polymers, Food
To cite this article
Aliyu Ahmad Warra, Leye Jonathan Babatola, Adedara Adejoju Omodolapo, Basiru Dende Ibraheem, Characterization of Oil Extracted from Two Varieties of Tiger Nut (Cyperus esculentus L.) Tubers, American Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2017, pp. 28-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhc.20170303.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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