Performance Analysis of Cellular Radio System Using Artificial Neural Networks
American Journal of Neural Networks and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 5-13
Received: Dec. 26, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 6, 2017; Published: Mar. 17, 2017
Views 2275      Downloads 222
Kriti Priya Gupta, Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, NOIDA Faculty of Management, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India
Madhu Jain, Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
In this paper, we exploit one of the fastest growing techniques of Soft Computing, i.e. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for obtaining various performance measures of a cellular radio system. A prioritized channel scheme with subrating is considered in which a fixed number of channels are reserved for handoff calls and in case of heavy traffic, these reserved channels are subrated into two channels of equal frequency to deal with more handoff calls. Two models dealing with infinite and finite number of subscribers are considered and the blocking probabilities of new and handoff calls are computed analytically as well as by using ANNs. A feedforward two-layer ANN is considered for obtaining the blocking probabilities. The backpropagation algorithm is used for training the ANN. The analytical and ANN results are compared by taking the numerical illustrations.
Artificial Neural Networks, Cellular Radio System, Handoff, Reserved Channels, Subrating, Backpropagation
To cite this article
Kriti Priya Gupta, Madhu Jain, Performance Analysis of Cellular Radio System Using Artificial Neural Networks, American Journal of Neural Networks and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017, pp. 5-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnna.20170301.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cichocki, A. and Unbehauen, R. (1993). Neural networks for optimization and signal processing, Wiley, NY, USA.
Clarkson, T. G., Ng, C. K. and Guan, Y. (1993). The pRAM: an adaptive VLSI chip, IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, Special Issue on Neural Network Hardware, 4 (3), 408-412.
Hopfield, J. J. and Tank, D. W. (1995). Neural computation of decisions in optimization problems, Biol. Cybern., 52, 141-152.
Onyiagha, C. G., Krasniqi, X. and Clarkson, T. G. (June 1996). Probabilistic RAM neural networks in an ATM multiplexer in solving engineering problems with neural networks, Proc. International Conference Engineering Applications of Neural Networks, 29-232.
Hecht-Nielsem, R. (Jan. 1989). Theory of back-propagation neural networks, Proc. IEEE International. Conf. Neural Networks, Washington, USA, 1, 593-605.
Hornik, K. (1989). Multilayer feedforward networks are universal approximators, Neural Networks, 2, 359-366.
Tarraf, A. A., Habib, I. W. and Saadawi, T. N. (1993). Neural networks for ATM multimedia traffic prediction, Proc. International. Workshop on Applications of Neural Networks to Telecommunications, 1, 85-91.
Moh, W. M., Chen, M. J., Chu, N. M. and Liao, C. D. (1995). Traffic prediction and dynamic bandwidth allocation over ATM: a neural network approach, Comput. Commun., 18 (8), 563-571.
Drossu, R., Lakshman, T. V., Obradovic, Z. and Raghavendra, C. (1995). Single and multiple frame video traffic prediction using neural network models, Computer Networks Architectures and Applications, 146-158.
Edwards, T., Tansley, D. S. W., Frank, R. J. and Davey, N. (1997): Traffic trends analysis using neural networks, Proc. International. Workshop on Applications of Neural Networks to Telecommunications, 157-164.
Chang, P. R. and Hu, J. T. (1997). Optimal nonlinear adaptive prediction and modeling of MPEG video in ATM networks using pipelined recurrent neural networks, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., 15 (6), 1087-1100.
Bolla, R., Davoli, F., Maryni, P. and Parisini, T. (Aug. 1998). An adaptive neural network admission controller for dynamic bandwidth allocation, IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern, B., Special Issue on Artificial Neural Networks, 28, 592-601.
Davoli, F. and Maryni, P. (Feb. 2000). A two level stochastic approximation for admission control and bandwidth allocation, IEEE J. Selec. Areas Commun., 18 (2), 222-233.
Balestrieri, F., Panteli, L. P., Dionissopoulos, V. and Clarkson, T. G. (2000). ATM connection admission control using pram based artificial neural networks, Computer Networks, 34, 49-63.
Lin, P. and Lin, Y. B. (2001). Channel allocation for GPRS, IEEE Trans. Veh. Tech., 50 (2), 375-387.
Fu, X., Bourgeois, A. G., Fan, P. and Pan, P. (2006). Using a genetic algorithm approach to solve the dynamic channel-assignment problem, Int. J. Mobile Communications, 4 (3).
Khanbary, L. M. O. and Vidyarthi, D. P. (2009). Channel allocation in cellular network using modified genetic algorithm, International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, ISSN 0974-0635, 3 (A09).
Siddesh. G. K, Muralidhara, K. N., Manjula. N. H. (July 2011). Routing in ad hoc wireless networks using soft computing techniques and performance evaluation using hypernet simulator, International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE), ISSN: 2231-2307, 1 (3).
Rajagopalan, N. and Mala, C. (2012). Optimization of QoS parameters for channel allocation in cellular networks using soft computing techniques, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 130, 621-631.
Jain, M. and Rakhee (2001). Queueing analysis for PCS with integrated traffic and sub-rating channel assignment scheme, Journal of CSI, 31 (2), 1-8.
Leca, C. L., Nicolaescu, L., and Rîncu, C. (2015). Significant Location Detection & Prediction in Cellular Networks using Artificial Neural Networks. Computer Science and Information Technology, 3, 81-89. doi: 10.13189/csit.2015.030305.
Silva, M., Carvalho, G., Monteiro, D., and Machad, L. S. (2015). Distributed Target Location in Wireless Sensors Network: An Approach Using FPGA and Artificial Neural Network, Wireless Sensor Network, 7, 35-42.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186