Dental and Periodontal Diseases Among United Nations Personnel in Mission: A Fifteen Months Experience of Rwanda Level 2 Hospital Bria in Central African Republic
International Journal of Dental Medicine
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 4-10
Received: Jun. 30, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 26, 2017; Published: Aug. 30, 2017
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Authors
Joël Bizimanasharale Bikoroti, Department of Surgery, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
John Byimana, Department of Surgery, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Augustin Ndatinya, Department of Outpatient, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Justin Bayisenga, Department of Surgery, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
John Muganda Rwibasira, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Alphonse Gasangwa, Department of Outpatient, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Emmanuel Ntirenganya, Department of Outpatient, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Sadock Rumenge, Department of Outpatient, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Venuste Nsengiyumva, Department of Dental, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
Eugène Tuyizere, Department of Dental, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital, MINUSCA, Bria, Central African Republic
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Abstract
Oral diseases and orodental trauma are major public health problems worldwide and poor oral health has a profound effect on general health and quality of life. This retrospective study was conducted on dental visits at Rwandan Level 2 hospital Bria in Central African Republic from August 2015 to November 2016. Dental and periodontal diseases have been documented; demographic and analytical data were reviewed and analyzed. A total of 540 dental visits aged from 22 to 59 years; mean age of 37.57 ± 8.15 years. Male sex ratio of 9.6: 1. Dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis were more prevalent with 33.13%, 16.98% and 13.87% respectively. Scaling and root planning, permanent filling and extractions were the most treatment in 34%, 32.4% and 19.92% respectively. The teeth 16, 26, 36 and 46 were found to be more diseased with 23%, 25.52%, 30.17% and 27.15% respectively. Gingivitis and periodontitis showed a protection association with age of less than 37.57 years p=0.013, OR=0.55, 95% CI (0.34 - 0.88) and p < 0.001, OR=0.38, 95% CI (0.22 – 0.64) respectively. Dental caries, Operculitis, fractured crown and teeth extractions showed strong statistical significance and risks with particular teeth. Dental and periodontal diseases are prevalent at Rwanda Level 2 hospital Bria. The different diseases and management have been documented. As per our hypothesis, dental caries were found to be the most common disease in this population. Particular statistical association of some diseased teeth has been shown.
Keywords
Dental, Periodontal, Disease, Rwanda Level 2 Hospital
To cite this article
Joël Bizimanasharale Bikoroti, John Byimana, Augustin Ndatinya, Justin Bayisenga, John Muganda Rwibasira, Alphonse Gasangwa, Emmanuel Ntirenganya, Sadock Rumenge, Venuste Nsengiyumva, Eugène Tuyizere, Dental and Periodontal Diseases Among United Nations Personnel in Mission: A Fifteen Months Experience of Rwanda Level 2 Hospital Bria in Central African Republic, International Journal of Dental Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, pp. 4-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijdm.20170302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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