Indian Military Involvement in the 1971 Crisis of East Pakistan: A Justification of Level of Analysis
American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Business
Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 84-89
Received: Aug. 31, 2019;
Accepted: Sep. 26, 2019;
Published: Oct. 15, 2019
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Shuva Das, Department of International Relations, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, Bangladesh
Bezon Kumar, Department of Economics, Rabindra University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh; BK School of Research, Sirajganj, Bangladesh
The liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971 was a watershed moment in the page of South Asian history and the trajectories of the then Cold War politics. Although many people of East Pakistan jumped into the liberation war taking whatever they had in hand inspired with the flammable 7th March speech of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and started guerilla fight against West Pakistan army, the then Indira Gandhi government sent Indian military in favor of East Pakistan was also vital. It is till now a matter of interest that why Indira Gandhi sent military for liberating Bangladesh despite many studies have been carried out on this issue. Therefore, this paper attempts to investigate the factors causing Indian military involvement in liberating Bangladesh from West Pakistan. In doing so, this article applies Kenneth Waltz’s three levels of analysis- Individual, State and International. Moreover, this paper focuses on the conceptualization of the Level of Analysis and describes the background of the liberation struggle of East Pakistan and the Indo-Pakistan dissension. Based on secondary data, this paper takes the Indian military involvement as a case study of the Level of Analysis. By sincere exploration of previous history and utilization of Waltz’s Level of Analysis in International Relations, it is found that the shrewd leadership of Indira Gandhi, the internal organization of India, and the then bipolar system were vital factors influencing the Indian military involvement in the 1971 crisis of East Pakistan. It is also argued that the military involvement of India was shaped by the combination of the three levels of analysis.
Indian Military Involvement in the 1971 Crisis of East Pakistan: A Justification of Level of Analysis, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Business.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2019, pp. 84-89.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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