Attitudes of Elements of the Academic Community in Regard to the Rapid Test of HIV/AIDS
International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2016, Pages: 27-35
Received: Oct. 28, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 10, 2016; Published: Jan. 5, 2017
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Authors
Frias A. M., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Sim-Sim M. M., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Chora M. A., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Barros M. L. , Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Silva G. M., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
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Abstract
Background: Knowing one’s own seropositivity status of HIV/AIDS is important. Seropositivity can be determined by a rapid HIV/AIDS test. Attitudes towards a rapid test of HIV/AIDS show a predisposition to perform the analysis. Objective: This study investigated, the attitudes of students and staff in a Portuguese university toward rapid HIV/AIDS test. Methods: In a convenience sample, the data was collected on campus in three consecutive years. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A validated scale for Portuguese students was applied. A sample of 947 (86.3%) students and 150 (13.7%) teaching and non-teaching staff participated. The average age was 24.30 years-old (SD=8.64). Non-parametric tests were applied. Results: Attitudes of professors and non-teaching staff are more favorable in relation to the rapid test of HIV/AIDS, compared to students. Attitudes are also more favorable in the first year in which the study was conducted with both employees and students. The male students express more traditional attitudes. Students of nursing polo have expressed more favorable attitudes to the rapid test of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: The attitudes towards rapid test of HIV/AIDS are generally favorable. It is necessary to conduct further research considering professors and other university staff. Improving favorable attitudes toward rapid HIV/AIDS test must be a positive fact for health.
Keywords
Health Attitudes, Health Behavior, HIV, Rapid HIV Testing, Students
To cite this article
Frias A. M., Sim-Sim M. M., Chora M. A., Barros M. L. , Silva G. M., Attitudes of Elements of the Academic Community in Regard to the Rapid Test of HIV/AIDS, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2016, pp. 27-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20160204.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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