Attitudes of Elements of the Academic Community in Regard to the Rapid Test of HIV/AIDS
International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2016, Pages: 27-35
Received: Oct. 28, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 10, 2016; Published: Jan. 5, 2017
Views 2783      Downloads 147
Frias A. M., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Sim-Sim M. M., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Chora M. A., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Barros M. L. , Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Silva G. M., Nursing Department, University of Évora, Evora, Portugal
Article Tools
Follow on us
Background: Knowing one’s own seropositivity status of HIV/AIDS is important. Seropositivity can be determined by a rapid HIV/AIDS test. Attitudes towards a rapid test of HIV/AIDS show a predisposition to perform the analysis. Objective: This study investigated, the attitudes of students and staff in a Portuguese university toward rapid HIV/AIDS test. Methods: In a convenience sample, the data was collected on campus in three consecutive years. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A validated scale for Portuguese students was applied. A sample of 947 (86.3%) students and 150 (13.7%) teaching and non-teaching staff participated. The average age was 24.30 years-old (SD=8.64). Non-parametric tests were applied. Results: Attitudes of professors and non-teaching staff are more favorable in relation to the rapid test of HIV/AIDS, compared to students. Attitudes are also more favorable in the first year in which the study was conducted with both employees and students. The male students express more traditional attitudes. Students of nursing polo have expressed more favorable attitudes to the rapid test of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: The attitudes towards rapid test of HIV/AIDS are generally favorable. It is necessary to conduct further research considering professors and other university staff. Improving favorable attitudes toward rapid HIV/AIDS test must be a positive fact for health.
Health Attitudes, Health Behavior, HIV, Rapid HIV Testing, Students
To cite this article
Frias A. M., Sim-Sim M. M., Chora M. A., Barros M. L. , Silva G. M., Attitudes of Elements of the Academic Community in Regard to the Rapid Test of HIV/AIDS, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2016, pp. 27-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20160204.12
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Madiba S, Mokgatle M. "Students want HIV testing in schools" a formative evaluation of the acceptability of HIV testing and counselling at schools in Gauteng and North West provinces in South Africa. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15: 388.
Mwangi RW, Ngure P, Thiga M, Ngure J. Factors influencing the utilization of Voluntary Counselling and Testing services among university students in Kenya. Glob J Health Sci. 2014; 6 (4): 84-93.
WHO. Consolidated guidelines on HIV testing services. Geneve: World Health Organization; 2015.
Fernández-Balbuena S, de la Fuente L, Hoyos J, Rosales-Statkus ME, Barrio G, Belza MJ, et al. Highly visible street-based HIV rapid testing: is it an attractive option for a previously untested population? A cross-sectional study. Sex Transm Infect. 2014; 90 (2): 112-118.
Kenya S, Okoro I, Wallace K, Carrasquillo O, Prado G. Strategies to Improve HIV Testing in African Americans. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2015; 26 (4): 357-367.
Telles-Dias PR, Westman S, Fernandez AE, Sanchez M, Group RTW. [Perceptions of HIV rapid testing among injecting drug users in Brazil]. Rev Saude Publica. 2007; 41 Suppl 2: 94-100.
Gennotte AF, Semaille P, Ellis C, Necsoi C, Abdulatif M, Chellum N, et al. Feasibility and acceptability of HIV screening through the use of rapid tests by general practitioners in a Brussels area with a substantial African community. HIV Med. 2013; 14 Suppl 3: 57-60.
Wong HT, Tam HY, Chan DP, Lee SS. Usage and Acceptability of HIV Self-testing in Men who have Sex with Men in Hong Kong. AIDS Behav. 2014.
Clifton S, Nardone A, Field N, Mercer CH, Tanton C, Macdowall W, et al. HIV testing, risk perception, and behaviour in the British population. AIDS. 2016; 30 (6): 943-952.
Di Giuseppe G, Sessa A, Mollo S, Corbisiero N, Angelillo IF, Group CW. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIV among first time attenders of voluntary counseling and testing services in Italy. BMC Infect Dis. 2013; 13: 277.
Ribeiro F, Sacramento O. A despistagem do VIH/sida: saúde pública e motivações dos utentes do teste rápido no Nordeste de Portugal. Saúde Social. 2014; 23 (2): 510-522.
Reis M, Ramiro L, Gaspar de Matos M, Diniz JA. Artigo original: Os comportamentos sexuais dos universitários portugueses de ambos os sexos em 2010. Sexual behaviours of Portuguese university students of both sexes in 2010 (English). 2012; 30: 105-114.
Oppong Asante K. HIV/AIDS knowledge and uptake of HIV counselling and testing among undergraduate private university students in Accra, Ghana. Reprod Health. 2013; 10: 17.
Daniyam CA, Agaba PA, Agaba E. Acceptability of voluntary counselling and testing among medical students in Jos, Nigeria. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2010; 4 (6): 357-361.
Donkor E. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of voluntary counselling and testing for HIV among university students. Global Advanced Research Journal of Social Science. 2012; 1 (2): 41-46.
Tenkorang EY, Maticka-Tyndale E. Individual- and school-level correlates of HIV testing among secondary school students in Kenya. Stud Fam Plann. 2013; 44 (2): 169-187.
Peltzer K, Nzewi E, Mohan K. Attitudes towards HIV-antibody testing and people with AIDS among university students in India, South Africa and United States. Indian J Med Sci. 2004; 58 (3): 95-108.
Frias A, Sim-Sim M, Chora M, Caldeira E. Adaptação e validação para português da HIV Antibody Testing Attitude Scale. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem. 2016; 29 (1): 77-83.
Dancey C, Reidy J. Estatística sem Matemática para Psicologia. 3 ed. S. Paulo: Artmed; 2006.
Addis Z, Yalew A, Shiferaw Y, Alemu A, Birhan W, Mathewose B, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards voluntary counseling and testing among university students in North West Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13: 714.
Kakoko DC, Åstrøm AN, Lugoe WL, Lie GT. Predicting intended use of voluntary HIV counselling and testing services among Tanzanian teachers using the theory of planned behaviour. Social Science & Medicine. 2006; 63 (4): 991-999.
Caldeira KM, Singer BJ, O'Grady KE, Vincent KB, Arria AM. HIV testing in recent college students: prevalence and correlates. AIDS Educ Prev. 2012; 24 (4): 363-376.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186