Phytic Acid- an AntiNutrient Nutraceutical in Ethnic Vegetables Growing Wildly in Tribal Regions of Bangladesh
Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 16-21
Received: Jan. 4, 2020;
Accepted: Jan. 16, 2020;
Published: Jan. 31, 2020
Views 685 Downloads 254
Amena Begum, Samorita Hospital Limited, Panthapath, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mahbuba Kawser, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Samia Sams, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Parveen Begum, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Maksuda Khatun, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Depart of Botany, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shabnam Mostafa, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Muhammad Akhtaruzzaman, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Sheikh Nazrul Islam, Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Phytate has nutraceutical property and scores of potential health benefits in spite of undesirable anti nutrient property. This article investigated phytic acid content in a wide variety of ethnic vegetables growing wildly in tribal regions of Bangladesh. The study was conducted on thirty four rare ethnic vegetables comprising 26 leafy and 8 non-leafy vegetables. A multiregional sampling plan was employed to collect representative samples. The vegetable were collected from weekly markets at Rangamati, Bandarban, Mymensing, Gazipur and Madhupur. The vegetable samples collected were identified and certified by a taxonomist of the Department of Botany, University of Dhaka. After taking the vegetables to the lab, the taxonomist confirmed their English and Scientific names. For the estimation of moisture 5g cleaned, air-dried, chopped and well mixed samples were taken and the remainder was first dried in the sun, then in an electric dryer. Dried samples were ground in a mechanical grinder, kept in auto seal packs and stored in clean desiccators to avoid further moisture gain. These samples (analytes) were ready for further analysis. Phytic acid was determined by Spectro-photometric method. The values reported were the means of three replicates. Two leafy and two non-leafy vegetables could not be identified taxonomically. Overall Phytic acid content in both leafy and non leafy vegetables was ranged from 3.10±0.07 to 72.18±0.56 mg per 100g edible portion. In leafy vegetables, Indian acalypha (Acalypha indica) contained the lowest content of phytic acid, while in the non leafy lowest phytic acid was present in the Greater Yam (Dioscorea alata). However, French/kidney bean (Vigna grahamiana), Bronze banana (Musa ornata), Yam (Dioscorea bulbifera), Lime (Citrus aurantifolia), Kamino (Caesalpinia digyna), Amsurothi, and tamarind leaves (Tamarindus indica) contained higher amount (ranged from 21.48±0.29 to 72.18±0.56 mg per 100g edible portion) of phytic acid followed by moderate amount of phytate contents in smartweed (Ampelygonum chinense), Greater galangal (Alpinia nigra), Duggal fiber tree leaves (Sarcochlamys pulcherrima) and Ghima leaves (Polycarpan prostratum) (ranged from 15.8±0.81 to 19.49±0.79 mg per 100g edible portion). Some other vegetables also had a lower phytic acid content. These ethnic rare vegetables which are rich in phytic acid and other nutrients have both nutraceutical and antioxidant potential could cure future environment and stress induced non communicable chronic diseases.
Sheikh Nazrul Islam,
Phytic Acid- an AntiNutrient Nutraceutical in Ethnic Vegetables Growing Wildly in Tribal Regions of Bangladesh, Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2020, pp. 16-21.
Owen RW, Weisgerber UM, Spiegelhalder B, Bartsch H. Faecalphytic acid and its relation to other putative markers of risk for colorectal cancer. Gut 1996, 38: 591-597. DOI: 10.1136/gut.38.4.591.
Graf E, Eaton JW (1990). Antioxidant functions of phytic acid. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 8, issue 1, P 61-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/0891-5849 (90) 90146-A.
Gemede HF, NegussieRatta N. Antinutritional factors in plant foods: Potential healthbenefits and adverse effects. Int J Nutr Food Sci2014; 3 (4): 284-289. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140304.18.
Zhou JR, Erdman JV. (1995). Phytic acid in health and disease. CRC Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 1995, 35 (6): 495-508.
Gupta RK, Gangoliya SS, Singh NK. Reduction of phytic acid and enhancement of bioavailable micronutrients in food grains. J Food Sci Technol. 2015, 52 (2): 676–684. DOI: 10.1007/s13197-013-0978-y.
Kumar V, Sinha AK, Makkar HPS, Becker K. Review Dietary roles of phytate and phytase in human nutrition: A review. Food Chemistry 2010, 120: 945–959. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.11.052.
Schlemmer U, Frølich W, Prieto RM, Felix Grases F. Review Phytate in foods and significance for humans: Food sources, intake, processing, bioavailability, protective role and analysis. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 2009, 53: S330–S375DOI: 10.1002/mnfr.200900099.
McCance RA, Widdowson EM. Phytin in human nutrition. The Biochemical Department, King, s College Hospital. London. Biochem J. 1935, 29 (12): 2694-9. DOI: 10.1042/bj0292694.
Wheeler EL, Ferrel RE. A method for phytic acid determination in wheat and wheat fractions. Western Regional Research laboratory, Agricultural resrarch service, USD department of Agriculture, Albany, California 94710. Cereal Chemistry 1971, 48 (3): 312-320. ISSN: 0009-0352Record Number: 19721492732.
Islam SN, Khan MNI, Akhtaruzzaman M. A Food Composition Database for Bangladesh with Special reference to Selected Ethnic Foods. fpmu.gov.bd › sites › default › files › Final report, 2010.
Islam SN, Khan MNI, Akhtaruzzaman M. Food Composition Tables and Database for Bangladesh with Special Reference to Selected Ethnic Foods. Edited by Md. Nazrul Islam Khan, Sheikh Nazrul Islam; Reviewed by Sagarmay Barua, INFS, DU; Palal Prokashoni, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2012.
Shaheen N, Rahim ATMA, Mohiduzzaman M, et al (2014). Food Composition Table for Bangladesh. www.nfpcsp.org.
Alkarawi HH, Zotz G. Review article Phytic acid in green leaves. Plant Biology 2014, 16: 697–701. https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12136.
Popova A and Mihaylova D (2019). Antinutrients in Plant-based Foods: A Review. The Open Biotechnology Journal, 2019, Volume 13 69DOI: 10.2174/1874070701913010068, 2019, 13, 68-76.
Sinha K, Khare V (2017). Review on: Antinutritional factors in vegetable crops. The Pharma Innovation Journal 2017; 6 (12): 353-358 www.thepharmajournal.com.
Akalu Z K, Geleta S H (2017). Antinutritional Levels of Tubers of Colocasiaesculenta, L. Schott (Taro) and Dioscoreaalata (Yam) Cultivated in Ethiopia. J Nutr Food Sci 2017, 7: 2. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000585.
Fox CH, Eberl M. Phytic acid (IP6), novel broad spectrum anti-neoplastic agent: a systematic review. Complement Ther Med. 2002, 10 (4): 229-34. DOI: 10.1016/s0965-2299 (02) 00092-4.
Norhaizan M E, Ng S K, Norashareena M S, Abdah M A. Antioxidant and Cytotoxicity Effect of Rice Bran Phytic Acid as an Anticancer Agent on Ovarian, Breast and Liver Cancer Cell Lines. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition 2011, 17 (3): 367-75. PMID: 22655458.
Grases F, Isern B, Sanchis P, Perello J, Torres JJ, Costa-Bauza A. Phytate acts as an inhibitor in formation of renal calculi. Front Biosci. 2007, 12: 2580-87. DOI: 10.2741/2256.
Nassar R I, Nassar M. Antimicrobial effect of phytic acid on Enterococcus faecalis. Int Arab J Antimicrobial Agents 2016, 6 (4). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/796.
Kumar A, Singh A, Sharma A (2015). Comparative Antianxiety Activity Evaluation of Argyreia speciosa Linn. (Roots), Caesalpinia digyna Rottler (Roots) and Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. (Flowers). IJPSR (2015), Vol. 6, Issue 10 Doi: dx.doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.6 (10).4226-29.
Ahmed AMA, Sharmen F, Mannan A, Rahman MA (2015). Phytochemical, analgesic, antibacterial, and cytotoxic effects of Alpinianigra (Gaertn.) Burtt leaf extract. J Traditional Complement Med. 2015 Oct; 5 (4): 248–252. Doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2014.11.012.
Mazumder A F, Das J, Gogoi H K, Chattopadhaya P, Paul S B (2014). Antimicrobial activity of methanol extract and fractions from Sarcochlamyspulcherrima, Bangladesh journal of pharmacol, 2014, 9, 4-9.
Moncrieffe S, Williams L A D, Reece S, Thompson S, Knight G, Robatham S, Beaufort C (2019). Antimicrobial Activities of Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) Extracts JOURNAL OF PLANT SCIENCE & RESEARCH Volume 6, Issue1 www.opensciencepublications.com.