Documentation of Major Poisonous Plant on Livestock in Ethiopia
Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 39-44
Received: Feb. 26, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 3, 2019; Published: Jun. 20, 2019
Views 162      Downloads 30
Temesgen Kassa Getahun, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Holeta Agricultural Research Center Animal Health Research, Holeta, Ethiopia
Wondimu Debash Beze, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Holeta Agricultural Research Center Animal Health Research, Holeta, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
The review was conducted with the objective of documenting potentially poisonous plants in Ethiopia. One of the major causes of economic loss in the livestock industry is Poisonous plants especially in the developing country including Ethiopia. In each year poisonous plant affect 3 to 5 percent of the cattle, sheep, goat, and horses that graze ranges. Major loss caused by these plants result from death of livestock, abortions, photosensitization, decreased production, emaciation, and birth defects and also they have other losses due to increased management costs associated with such things as fencing to prevent access of animals to these plants , altered grazing programs, and loss of forage due to removal of these plants. Livestock mostly exposed to toxic plants in dry and early rainy season when feed is in short supply. In this documentation 71 different plants identified from four different area of the country were collected from different governmental and non-governmental organizations and published papers. A more extensive survey is required to document all poisonous plants in the rangelands and to identify the major toxic principles in the different species possibly pharmacological activity. This documentation review the current knowledge on the identity of plants known to have poisoned livestock and research conducted into these toxic plants.
Animal Health, Documentation, Poisonous Plant
To cite this article
Temesgen Kassa Getahun, Wondimu Debash Beze, Documentation of Major Poisonous Plant on Livestock in Ethiopia, Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2019, pp. 39-44. doi: 10.11648/j.jdmp.20190502.13
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Diaz G. J. (2011). Toxic Plants of Veterinary and Agricultural Interest in Colombia, In: Panter EK, and Pfister JA, (Ed.) International Journal of Poisonous Plant Research, A Journal for Research and Investigation of Poisonous Plants.
Mekonnen, Y. (1994): A survey of plants (potentially) toxic to livestock in Ethiopian flora. SINET: Ethiop J Sci 17: 9-32.
Tamire H (1997). Desertification in Ethiopian Highlands. RALA Report No. 200. Norwegian Church AID, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 162.
WBISP (Woody Biomass Inventory and Strategic Plan project) (2004). Forest Resources of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
Clarke, E. C. G., Clarke, M. L.(1977). Veterinary toxicology. Poisonous plants. Cassel and collier, Macmillian publishers. London pp. 268-277.
Radeleff RD (1964) Veterinary toxicology. London: Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, USA.
Mugera GM (1970) Phytolaccadodecandral'Herit toxicity in livestock in Kenya. Bull Epizoot Dis Afr 18: 41-43.
Holechek, J. I. (2002): Do most livestock losses to poisonous plants result from “poor” range management? Journal of Range Management 55: 270–276.
Ogwang BH (1997). A survey of poisonous plants of livestock in Swaziland. Bull. Anim. Health. Prod. Afr. 45: 99-106.
Tokarnia, C. H., J. Döbereiner and P. V. Peixoto. 2002 Poisonous plants affecting Livestock in Brazil. Toxicon 40: 1635-1660.
Aslani, M., Maleki M, and Mohri. M, (2007): Castor bean (Ricinus communis) toxicosis in a sheep flock. Toxicon 49: 400-406.
Bretagne, J. F., Vidon N., Hirondel, C. L. and Bernier, J. J. (1981): Increased cell loss in the human jejunum induced by laxatives (ricinoleic acid, dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, magnesium sulphate, bile salts) 22: 264-269.
Pedraza, C., Villafañe. F and Torrenegra R. D. (1983): Hematuria vesical bovina y su relación con algunas especies vegetales. Revista acove 7: 11-19.
Smith, B. L. (1997) the toxicity of bracken fern (genus Pteridium) to animals and its relevance to man. In J. P. F. D’Mello, ed., Plant and Fungal Toxicants. 63-76.
Barth, A. T., Kommers, G. D., Salles, M. S. (1994): Coffee senna (Senna occidentalis) poisoning in cattle in Brazil. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 36: 541-545.
Nielsen, Darwin, B., and Lynn F., and James. (1991) Poisonous plants-Proc. 3rd Int. Symp, Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186