Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2019, Pages: 1-9
Received: Aug. 16, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 18, 2018;
Published: Feb. 15, 2019
Views 893 Downloads 545
Fairuz Fatema Priya, Department of Pharmacy, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Mohammad Sayful Islam, Department of Pharmacy, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail, Bangladesh
Medicinal plants are the precious gift of nature which plays vital role in healthcare system of developing nation and potent source of medicament to heal various diseases in the world. It plays a vital role to preserve our health. Medicinal plants are believed to be much safer. These days, the use of herbal products has become the foremost option for human all over the world because of curing treatment without any side effect. Ayurveda, the oldest health system in the world, provokes the uses amla to treat a host of diseases and promote positive health. It is a well-known fact that all parts of amla are useful in the treatment of various diseases. Among all, the most important part is fruit. Amla fruit is the richest source of vitamin C. Chemical composition of the amla fruit contains more than 80% of water. It also contains protein, carbohydrates, fiber, amino acids and minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, niacin, carotene, thiamine, riboflavin etc. The chemical constituents present in the plant include tannins, gallic acid, ellagic acid, emblicol, phyllembin, lupeol, essential oil, fixed oil etc. Amla fruit is widely used as diuretic, laxative, liver tonic, antipyretic, hair tonic, ulcer preventive and for common cold, fever as alone or in combination with other plants. Research reports on amla reveals its analgesic, anti-tussive, cardioprotective, cytoprotective, immunomodulatory, chemopreventive, antioxidant, memory enhancing, anticancer, antidiabetic and some others properties. In this article, we review the morphology, distribution, nutritional value, chemical constituents, medicinal uses of amla.
Fairuz Fatema Priya,
Mohammad Sayful Islam,
Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (Amla) - A Natural Gift to Humans: An Overview, Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 1-9.
Brun V, Schumacher T. Traditional Herbal Medicine in Northern Thailand. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1987; 349.
Bajracharya M. B. Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. Kathmandu; Piyusavarsi Ausadhalaya, 1979.
Gopalan C, Sastri BVR, Balasubramaniam SC. Nutritive value of Indian foods. NIN, Hyderabad, India, 1991.
Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_gooseberry.
Xia Q, Xiao P, Wan L & Kong J (1997). Ethnopharmacology of Phyllanthus emblica L. Chin J Chin Mater Med (Chin); 22: 515-518, 525, 574.
Bhattacharya SK, Bhattacharya A, Sairam K & Ghosal S (2002). Effect of bioactive tannoid principles of Emblica officinalis on ischemiareperfusion-induced oxidative stress in rat heart, Phytomedicine, 9, 171-174.
Thakur RS, Puri HS & Akhtar H (1989). Major medicinal plants of India. Lucknow; Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.
Bajpai M, Pande A, Tewari SK & Prakash D (2005). Phenolic contents and antioxidant activity of some food and medicinal plants, International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 56, 287-291.
Deepak P & Gopal GV (2014). GC-MS analysis of ethyl acetate extract of Phyllanthus emblica L. bark, British Biomedical Bulletin, 2, 285-292.
Zhang YJ, Liang RJ, Zhao Q, Hong AH, Wang YF & Cen YZ (2013). Chemical constituents from the fresh leaves of Phyllanthus emblica L. Lishizhen Medicine and Materia Medica Research, 24, 1298-1300.
Habib-ur-Rehman, Yasin KA, Choudhary MZ, Khaliq N, Attaur-Rahman, Choudhary MI & Malik S (2007). Study on the chemical constituents of Phyllanthus emblica, Natural Product Research, 21, 775– 781.
Emblica officinalis. Natural Remedies Pvt. Ltd., Quality Control Dept., Hosur Road, Bangalore.
Warrier PK, Nambiar ЕK, Ramankutty C (1997). Indian Medicinal Plants - A Compendium of 500 Species. Part. 3, p. 256-63.
Potawale S. E.*, Vetal Y. D, Mehta U. K, et al. (2008). Phytoconstituents And Therapeutic Potential Of Phyllanthus Emblica: A Review. Pharmacologyonline 2: 236-255.
Srivasuki K. P. (2012). Nutritional and Health Care Benefits of Amla. Journal of Pharmacognosy, 3 (2), 147-151.
Sampath Kumar K. P., et. al, (2012). Recent Trends in Potential Traditional Indian Herbs Emblica officinalis and its Medicinal Importance. J of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 1 (1), 18-28.
Anthony C. Emblica officinalis [Syn: Phyllanthus Emblica] or Amla: the Ayurvedic wonder; David Mitchell, Chesham Chemicals Ltd.
Qi WY, Li Y, Hua L, Wang K, Gao K. (2012). Cytotoxicity and structure activity relationships of phytosterol from Phyllanthus emblica. Fitoterapia; 84C: 252-256.
Bhattacharya A., Chatterjee A., Ghosal S. and Bhattacharya S. K. (1999). Antioxidant activity of active tannoid principles of Emblica officinalis. Amla. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 37: 676-680. PMid: 1052-2157.
Poltanov EA, Shikov AN, Dorman HJ, Pozharitskaya ON, Makarov VG, Tikhonov VP, et al. Chemical and antioxidant evaluation of Indian gooseberry ( Emblica offi cinalis Gaertn., syn. Phyllanthus emblica L.) supplements; Phytother Res 2009; 23: 1309-1315.
Prakash D, Upadhyay G, Gupta C, Pushpangadan P and Singh KK (2012). Antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some promising wild edible fruits. Int. Food Res. J. 19 (3): 1109-1116.
Priya G, Parminder N and Jaspreet S (2012). Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity on Emblica officinalis seed extract. Int. J. Res. Ayur. Pharma. 3 (4): 591-596.
Ekta Singh et al, Phytochemistry, traditional uses and cancer chemopreventive activity of Amla (Phyllanthus emblica): The Sustainer. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 02 (01); 2011: 176-183.
Bhide MM., Nitave SA. (2014). Roles of emblica officinalis (amla) in medicine by - World Journal of Pharmacy And Phamaceutical Sciences. Volume: 3, 604-615.
Mirunalini S, Vaithiyanathan V & Krishnaveni M. (2013). Amla: a novel ayurvedic herb as a functional food for health benefits”- a mini review; International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vol 5, 0975-1491.
Srivasuki KP. Nutritional And Health Care Benefits Of Amla.
Krishnaveni M. & Mirunalin S. Amla – The Role of Ayurvedic Therapeutic Herb In Cancer.
Kumar A, Singh A & Dora J. Essentials Perspectives For Emblica Officinalis.
Khan K. H., Roles of Emblica officinalis in Medicine - A Review, Botany Research.
Anil Kumar et al, International journal of pharmaceutical and chemical sciences, vol 1 (1) Jan – Mar 2012.
Swetha Dasaroju et al (2014). Current Trends in the Research of Emblica officinalis (Amla): A Pharmacological Perspective, Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 24 (2); 150-159.
Health.sify.com/ Ayurveda-Medicinal Properties Of Amla.
Vasant BS, Bhaskarrao DA, Bhanudas SR; Emblica Officinalis – The Wonder Of Ayurvedic Medicine; World Journal of Pharmacy And Phamaceutical Sciences, Vol: 3, 285-306.
Charmkar NK and Singh R. Emblica officinalis Gaertn. (Amla): A Wonder Gift of Nature to Humans. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Vol- 6, 4267-4280.
Srikumar, R., Parthasarathy, N. J. and Sheela, D. R. (2005). Immunomodulatory activity of triphala on neutrophil functions. Biol. Pharm. Bull., 28 (8): 1398-403.
Tasduq SA, Kaisar P, Gupta DK, et al., Protective effect of a 50% hydroalcoholic fruit extract of Emblica officinalis against antituberculosis drugs induced liver toxicity. Phytother Res. 2005; 19 (3):193.
Rajeshkumar NV, Radahakrishna Pillai M, Kuttan R. Induction of Apoptosis in Mouse and Human Carcinoma Cell Lines by Emblica officinalis Polyphenols and its Effect on Chemical Carcinogenesis. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2003; 22: 201‐212.
Dang GK, Parekar RR, Kamat SK, Scindia AM, Rege NN. Antiinflammatory activity of Phyllanthus emblica, Plumbago zeylanica and Cyperus rotundus in acute models of inflammation. Phytother Res. 2011; 25 (6):904-908. n Chemical Carcinogenesis. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2003; 22: 201‐212.
Estari M., Venkanna L., Sripriya D. and Lalitha R. (2012). Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV1) reverse transcriptase inhibitory activity of Phyllanthus emblica plant extract. Biol. Med., 4 (4): 178–182.
Gaire BP. & Subedi L. Phytochemistry, Pharmacology and Medicinal Properties of Phyllanthus emblica Linn.
Hasan MR, Islam MN & Islam MR. Phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and traditional uses of Emblica officinalis: A review; International Current Pharmaceutical Journal.
Jahan N. & Akter S. (2015). Assessment of the antimicrobial activity of the ethanolic extract of Phyllanthus emblica in combination with different classes of antibiotics against single and multidrug resistant strains; Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry; 4 (4): 142155.
Bhandari PR, Kamdod MA. (2012). Emblica officinalis (Amla): A review of potential therapeutic applications; International Journal of G.