Influence of the Extractive Method of Punica granatum Peels in its Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activities Against Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria
Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2018, Pages: 133-141
Received: Nov. 25, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 17, 2018; Published: Jan. 22, 2019
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Authors
Salam Nasreddine, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences (PRASE), Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon
Amale Mcheik, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences (PRASE), Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon
Mohammad Abdalla Al-Seblani, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences (PRASE), Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon
Hawraa Shahrour, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences (PRASE), Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon; Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Life and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences I, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon; Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Mariam Hammoud, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences (PRASE), Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon; Center for Research and Analysis (CAR), Research Unit of Agro-Food Technologies and Valorization, Faculty of Sciences, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
Ali Chokr, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences (PRASE), Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon; Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Life and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences I, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon
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Abstract
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the different types of solvents (water, ethanol and methanol) and extraction methods (ultrasound and maceration) on Punica granatum peels and to assess their antibacterial and antibiofilm activities. Our results revealed that the solvents and the extraction methods had a significant effect concerning the antimicrobial effects of P. granatum peels. The methanol extract produced by both the ultrasound and the maceration extraction techniques and the ethanol extract produced by the maceration extraction technique showed the most potent effect with the same bacteriostatic effect (MIC=25 mg/ml) on Staphylococcus epidermidis (CIP444). The antibacterial activities for all the P. granatum peels extracts were the same against E. coli (ATCC35218), with an MIC=25 mg/ml. The results showed that the methanol and the ethanol extracts produced by both the ultrasound and the maceration extraction techniques had an appreciable antibiofilm activity against S. epidermidis (CIP 444). These extracts showed the highest prevention capacity at a concentration of 12.5 mg/ml. In addition, the highest biofilm eradication activity was obtained using the ethanol extract with the ultrasound technique at a concentration of 25 mg/ml. We concluded that the P. granatum peels extracts have great potential as future natural antibacterial agents.
Keywords
Punica granatum Peels, Antibacterial Activity, Antibiofilm Activity
To cite this article
Salam Nasreddine, Amale Mcheik, Mohammad Abdalla Al-Seblani, Hawraa Shahrour, Mariam Hammoud, Ali Chokr, Influence of the Extractive Method of Punica granatum Peels in its Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activities Against Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria, Journal of Diseases and Medicinal Plants. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2018, pp. 133-141. doi: 10.11648/j.jdmp.20180406.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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