Constructing of Highly Ordered 3D Network of Carbon Nanotube inside Polymer Matrix and the Improvements in Properties of the Composites
American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 9-15
Received: Jan. 21, 2019;
Accepted: Feb. 28, 2019;
Published: Mar. 21, 2019
Views 697 Downloads 123
Liang Yang, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, P. R. China
Yan Zheng, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, P. R. China
Min Hou, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, P. R. China
Wanyi Chen, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, P. R. China
Zhaoqun Wang, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, P. R. China
In the past few decades, carbon nanotube-filled polymer composites have attracted the attention of many researchers with their excellent performance. However, the currently known methods of preparing composite materials do not maximize the performance of the carbon nanotubes themselves. In this work, by using our proposed “particle-constructing” method, multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) connected with each other to form highly ordered 3D network structure in polystyrene (PS) matrix. The strategy contains two steps as follows. First, MWCNTs-coated PS composite particles were prepared by the thermodynamic driving heterocoargulation method, without any requirement to surface modification or surface treatment whether for the MWCNTs or the PS microspheres. Then, the resultant MWCNTs-coated PS composite particles are used as building blocks to fabricate the highly ordered 3D MWCNT-based PS composite materials by a general compression mould at room temperature and a subsequent heat treatment at an appropriate temperature. We discuss in detail the effects of PS particle size, oxidation of MWCNTs and their length on the electrical conductivity of materials. The fabricated MWCNT-based PS composite materials exhibited excellent properties such as a much higher electrical and mechanical properties. Moreover, the method and process are pretty simple, convenient and environment-friendly for obtaining the unique composite structure and excellent properties.
Constructing of Highly Ordered 3D Network of Carbon Nanotube inside Polymer Matrix and the Improvements in Properties of the Composites, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2019, pp. 9-15.
Z. Spitalsky, D. Tasis, K. Papagelis, C. Galiotis, Carbon nanotube-polymer composites: Chemistry, processing, mechanical and electrical properties, Progress in Polymer Science, 35 (2010) 357-401.
D. M. Guldi, G. M. A. Rahman, F. Zerbetto, M. Prato, Carbon nanotubes in electron donor-acceptor nanocomposites, Accounts of Chemical Research, 38 (2005) 871-878.
D. Tasis, N. Tagmatarchis, A. Bianco, M. Prato, Chemistry of carbon nanotubes, Chemical Reviews, 106 (2006) 1105-1136.
P. R. Bandaru, Electrical properties and applications of carbon nanotube structures, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 7 (2007) 1239-1267.
J. P. Salvetat, J. M. Bonard, N. H. Thomson, A. J. Kulik, L. Forro, W. Benoit, L. Zuppiroli, Mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes, Applied Physics a-Materials Science & Processing, 69 (1999) 255-260.
E. W. Wong, P. E. Sheehan, C. M. Lieber, Nanobeam mechanics: Elasticity, strength, and toughness of nanorods and nanotubes, Science, 277 (1997) 1971-1975.
M. M. J. Treacy, T. W. Ebbesen, J. M. Gibson, Exceptionally high Young's modulus observed for individual carbon nanotubes, Nature, 381 (1996) 678-680.
S. J. Tans, M. H. Devoret, H. J. Dai, A. Thess, R. E. Smalley, L. J. Geerligs, C. Dekker, Individual single-wall carbon nanotubes as quantum wires, Nature, 386 (1997) 474-477.
M. R. Maschmann, G. J. Ehlert, B. T. Dickinson, D. M. Phillips, C. W. Ray, G. W. Reich, J. W. Baur, Bioinspired Carbon Nanotube Fuzzy Fiber Hair Sensor for Air-Flow Detection, Advanced Materials, 26 (2014) 3230-+.
C. Mu, Y. Song, W. Huang, A. Ran, R. Sun, W. Xie, H. Zhang, Flexible Normal-Tangential Force Sensor with Opposite Resistance Responding for Highly Sensitive Artificial Skin, Advanced Functional Materials, 28 (2018).
L.-C. Jia, Y.-K. Li, D.-X. Yan, Flexible and efficient electromagnetic interference shielding materials from ground tire rubber, Carbon, 121 (2017) 267-273.
P. M. Ajayan, O. Stephan, C. Colliex, D. Trauth, ALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBE ARRAYS FORMED BY CUTTING A POLYMER RESIN-NANOTUBE COMPOSITE, Science, 265 (1994) 1212-1214.
F. M. Du, J. E. Fischer, K. I. Winey, Coagulation method for preparing single-walled carbon nanotube/poly (methyl methacrylate) composites and their modulus, electrical conductivity, and thermal stability, Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, 41 (2003) 3333-3338.
M. Wang, K. Zhang, X.-X. Dai, Y. Li, J. Guo, H. Liu, G.-H. Li, Y.-J. Tan, J.-B. Zeng, Z. Guo, Enhanced electrical conductivity and piezoresistive sensing in multi-wall carbon nanotubes/polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposites via the construction of a self-segregated structure, Nanoscale, 9 (2017) 11017-11026.
S. Kumar, T. D. Dang, F. E. Arnold, A. R. Bhattacharyya, B. G. Min, X. F. Zhang, R. A. Vaia, C. Park, W. W. Adams, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, S. Ramesh, P. A. Willis, Synthesis, structure, and properties of PBO/SWNT composites, Macromolecules, 35 (2002) 9039-9043.
H. J. Barraza, F. Pompeo, E. A. O'Rear, D. E. Resasco, SWNT-filled thermoplastic and elastomeric composites prepared by miniemulsion polymerization, Nano Letters, 2 (2002) 797-802.
R. Haggenmueller, H. H. Gommans, A. G. Rinzler, J. E. Fischer, K. I. Winey, Aligned single-wall carbon nanotubes in composites by melt processing methods, Chemical Physics Letters, 330 (2000) 219-225.
M. A. Lopez-Manchado, L. Valentini, J. Biagiotti, J. M. Kenny, Thermal and mechanical properties of single-walled carbon nano tubes-polypropylene composites prepared by melt processing, Carbon, 43 (2005) 1499-1505.
P. Potschke, A. R. Bhattacharyya, A. Janke, Carbon nanotube-filled polycarbonate composites produced by melt mixing and their use in blends with polyethylene, Carbon, 42 (2004) 965-969.
K. Wu, C. Lei, R. Huang, W. Yang, S. Chai, C. Geng, F. Chen, Q. Feng, Design and Preparation of a Unique Segregated Double Network with Excellent Thermal Conductive Property, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9 (2017) 7637-7647.
S. Biswas, I. Arief, S. S. Panja, S. Bose, Absorption-Dominated Electromagnetic Wave Suppressor Derived from Ferrite-Doped Cross-Linked Graphene Framework and Conducting Carbon, Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9 (2017) 3030-3039.
J. Yu, K. Lu, E. Sourty, N. Grossiord, C. E. Konine, J. Loos, Characterization of conductive multiwall carbon nanotube/polystyrene composites prepared by latex technology, Carbon, 45 (2007) 2897-2903.
Y. Li, Z. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Pan, H. Gu, G. Xue, Colloid thermodynamic effect as the universal driving force for fabricating various functional composite particles, Langmuir: the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 28 (2012) 12704-12710.
J. Hwang, J. Jang, K. Hong, K. N. Kim, J. H. Han, K. Shin, C. E. Park, Poly (3-hexylthiophene) wrapped carbon nanotube/poly (dimethylsiloxane) composites for use in finger-sensing piezoresistive pressure sensors, Carbon, 49 (2011) 106-110.
T. Li, L.-F. Ma, R.-Y. Bao, G.-Q. Qi, W. Yang, B.-H. Xie, M.-B. Yang, A new approach to construct segregated structures in thermoplastic polyolefin elastomers towards improved conductive and mechanical properties, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3 (2015) 5482-5490.