Organic Solvents Transport Through Alkali-Treated Agro-waste Microfibre Incorporated with Low Density Polyethylene Composites
American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 50-63
Received: May 8, 2017; Accepted: May 31, 2017; Published: Jun. 30, 2017
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Authors
Henry Chinedu Obasi, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria; Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Simeon Nwanonenyi, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Innocent Eze, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ihuoma Chukwujike, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Chioma Anyiam, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Felix Aguele, Department of Chemical Engineering, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
Kashif Ijaz, Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
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Abstract
We report the transport behaviour of low density polyethylene composites containing both untreated and alkali-treated agro-waste microfibre in three aromatic organic solvents (benzene, toluene, and xylene) at 40, 60 and 80°C by the conventional weight-gain method. The effects of fibre content, alkali treatment, and filler particle size on solvent sorption were analysed. Transport parameters such as diffusion coefficient, sorption coefficient, and permeation coefficient have been calculated in terms of microfibre content, particle size, nature of the solvent, and temperature. It was observed that all the systems follow the Fickian mode of transport on increasing temperature. The van’t Hoff’s relationship was used to determine the thermodynamic parameters and was found that the estimated free energies of sorption were all positive, indicating non-spontaneity of the solubility of micro fibre/LDPE composites. The first order kinetic rate constant and swelling parameters were also evaluated.
Keywords
Agro-waste Fibre, Alkali Treatment, Transport Parameter, Fickian, Activation Energies
To cite this article
Henry Chinedu Obasi, Simeon Nwanonenyi, Innocent Eze, Ihuoma Chukwujike, Chioma Anyiam, Felix Aguele, Kashif Ijaz, Organic Solvents Transport Through Alkali-Treated Agro-waste Microfibre Incorporated with Low Density Polyethylene Composites, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2017, pp. 50-63. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20170304.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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