Flocculation and Color Removal Performances of Polyacrylamide and Poly N, N-Dimethylacrylamide Grafted Starch: A Comparative Study
American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 1-11
Received: Oct. 4, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 24, 2016; Published: Feb. 13, 2017
Views 2443      Downloads 101
Haradhan Kolya, Postgraduate Division of Chemistry, Midnapore College (Autonomous), Midnapore, India
Tridib Tripathy, Postgraduate Division of Chemistry, Midnapore College (Autonomous), Midnapore, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Starch-g-polyacrylamide (St-g-PAM) and Starch-g- poly (N, N-dimethylacryl amide) (St-g-PDMA) were prepared by using acrylamide (AM) and N, N-dimethylacrylamide (DMA) by Ce (IV) ion induced aqueous polymerization technique. Various grafting parameters were optimized. The so prepared graft copolymers were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectroscopy, molecular weight determination by size exclusion chromatography (SEC), thermal analysis (TGA / DTG), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and biodegradation studies. Flocculation performances of the graft copolymers were compared in 1.0 wt% bentonite clay, 1.0 wt % coal suspensions and 10 wt% malachite green (a textile dye) solution and in a textile dye effluent. Between the two polymers St-g-PAM and St-g-PDMA, the later showed better performance in the flocculation of bentonite and coal suspensions but the former showed better performance in the color removal from the malachite green solution and from one of the textile industrial waste water.
Graft Copolymerization, Starch, Color Removal, Flocculation, Poly (N, N-dimethylacrylamide)
To cite this article
Haradhan Kolya, Tridib Tripathy, Flocculation and Color Removal Performances of Polyacrylamide and Poly N, N-Dimethylacrylamide Grafted Starch: A Comparative Study, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20170301.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Z. Aksu, Process Biochem, 2005, 40, 997-1026.
G. Crini, Bioresour Technol, 2006, 97, 1061-1085.
C.H. Weng, Y. T. Lin, Y. J. Chin, Y. C. Sharma, Coloration Technol, 2013, 129, 298-304.
G. N. Zaharaddeen, S. B. F. Shikin, A. R. Afidah, J. Chem. Eng. Chem. Res. 2015, 2, 623-633.
A. Pala, E. Tokat, Water Resource, 2002, 36, 2920-2925.
O. Yavuz, A. H. Aydin, Fresenius Environ Bull, 2002, 11, 377-383.
G. Petzold, A. Nebel, H. M. Buchhammer, K. Lunkuitz, Colloid Polym Sci, 1998, 276, 125-130.
H. M. Buchhammer, M. Oelmann, G. Petzold, Melliand Int, 2001, 82, 104-105.
H. Barkert, J. Hartmann, John wiley & Sons: New York , 1988, 5, 251.
R. P. Singh, T. Tripathy, G. P. Karmakar, S. K. Rath, N. C. Karmakar, S. R. Pandey, K. Kannan, S. K. Jain, N. T. Lan, Curr Sci, 2000, 78, 798.
S. K. Rath, R. P. Singh, J. Appl polym Sci. 1997, 66, 1721-1729.
S. Ghorai, A. Sarkar, M. Raoufi, A. Baran, P. H. Sönherr, S. Pal, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2014, 6, 4766-4777.
A. K. Sarkar, A. Pal, S, Ghorai, N.R. Mandre, S. Pal, Carbohydr Polym, 2014, 111, 108-115.
H. Kolya, T. Tripathy, Int J Biol Macromol, 2013, 62, 557-564.
D. Sasmal, R. P. Singh, T. Tripathy, Colloids and surf A, 2015, 482, 575-584.
K. Katoka, H. Miyazaki, T. Okano, Y. Sakurai, Macromol, 1994, 27, 1061-1062.
C. L. Mc Cormick, G. S. Chen, J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem 1984, 22, 3633-3647.
H. Kolya, T. Tripathy, J Appl Polym Sci, 2013, 127, 2786-2795.
H. Kolya, Tripathy, T, Int J Bio Macromol, 2014, 70, 26-36.
D. K. Mishra, J. Tripathy, K. Behari, Carbohydr Polym , 2008, 71, 524-534.
Yongsheng Niu, Hongchun Li, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2012, 51, 12173-12177.
J. Clayden, N. Greeves, S. Waren, P. Worthers, Organic Chemistry, Oxford University Press, UK, 2001, p. 293.
G. Mino, S. Kaizerman, J Polym Sci, 1958, 31, 242-243.
G. F. Fanta, in: R.J. Cresa (Ed.), Block and Graft Copolymerization, Wiley-Inter Science, New York, NY/London, 1973, p. 1–27.
K. G. Vamsi, M. Susmita, Int J Eng. Res. Appl. 2012, 2, 390–399.
J. Bratby, Flocculation and Coagulation, Uplands Press, Croydon, UK, 1980, Chapter 8.
H. Kolya, T. Tripathy, Eur. Polym. J. 2013, 49, 4265-4275.
D. Shubo, G. Yu, Peng T Yen, Colloids Surf. B, 2005, 44, 179–186.
A. A. Berlin, V. N. Kislenko, Prog. Polym. Sci. 1992, 17, 765–825.
D. Prashant, Nirmal K Pandya, P.V.K Patel Sinha, Vijay Kumar Sinha, Int J Polym Mater 2003, 52, 565–571.
A. Pandey, D. Banerjee, Terestrial and Aquatic Environmental Toxicology, 20102, 6, 8-13.
W. M. Kulicke, R. Kniewske, J. Klein, Prog. Polym. Sci. 1982, 8, 373.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186