American Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 1-10
Received: Sep. 26, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 7, 2014;
Published: Oct. 7, 2014
Views 3264 Downloads 222
Ahmed Farouk AbdelGawad, Professor of Computational Fluid Mechanics, Mech. Eng. Dept., Umm Al-Qura Univ., Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Talal Saleh Mandourah, Mech. Eng. Dept., Umm Al-Qura Univ., Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Millions of people are killed or seriously injured on the roads due to terrified accidents every year. Most of these accidents are attributed to the over-speeding of the road vehicles. Thus, the road speed limiter (RSL) is a very important technique to reduce the possibility of road accidents. An interesting idea to control the speed of the vehicle is to apply electronic control of the air-supply that enters the vehicle carburetor according to road transmitters that are connected and operated either by local network or satellite. In the present paper, a control system was designed and implemented. It is consisted of a control mechanism and an electronic circuit to control the air-inlet to the carburetor according to pre-set programming based on the vehicle speed. Although, it is a challenging job to design and implement modifications to existing systems, the present speed control system was successfully implemented and tested. The present proposed mechanism is simple, inexpensive and suitable to be implemented in developing countries where a big number of cars still work using the traditional carburetor mechanism.
Ahmed Farouk AbdelGawad,
Talal Saleh Mandourah,
Proposed Simple Electro-Mechanical Automotive Speed Control System, American Journal of Aerospace Engineering. Special Issue: Hands-on Learning Technique for Multidisciplinary Engineering Education.
Vol. 2, No. 1-1,
2015, pp. 1-10.
http://www.makeroadssafe.org/about/Pages/Issues.aspx: March 2013
M. Paine, "Devices to Assist Drivers to Comply with Speed Limits", Vehicle Design and Research Pty Limited, Australian Business No. 63 003 980 809, January 2009, mpaineATtpg.com.au
J. Pérez, F. Seco, V. Milanés, A. Jiménez, J. C. Díaz, and T. de Pedro, " An RFID-Based Intelligent Vehicle Speed Controller Using Active Traffic Signals", Sensors-Open Access Journal, ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 10, pp. 5872-5887, 2010.
U. J. Kameswari, M. Satwik, A. Lokesh, and G. V. Reddy, "A Design Model for Automatic Vehicle Speed Controller", International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887), Volume 35, No.9, pp. 19-24, December 2011.
B. G. Radin, O. Park, and L. J. Vanderberg, "Maximum Vehicle Speed Limiter", United States Patent Office, No. 3,520,380, July 14, 1970. Assignee: "Ford Motor Company, dearborn, Michigan, USA".
L. F. Mieras, "Maximum Engine Speed Limiter ", United States Patent, No. 3,563,219, Feb. 16, 1971. Assignee: "Ford Motor Company, dearborn, Michigan, USA".
Z. J. Jania, and L. J. Vanderberg, "Maximum Vehicle Speed Limiter", United States Patent, No. 3,708,031, Jan. 2, 1973. Assignee: "Ford Motor Company, dearborn, Michigan, USA".
W. A. Snell, and A. R. Fillman, "Engine Maximum Speed Limiter", United States Patent, No. 5,549,089, Aug. 27, 1996. Assignee:"Textron Inc., Providence, R. I".
R. Fiske, A. Surabian, and K. Weigold, "Motor Vehicle Operator Identification and Maximum Speed Limiter", United States Patent, No. 7,757,803 B2, July 20, 2010.
R. Fiske, A. Surabian, and K. Weigold, "Motor Vehicle Operator Identification and Maximum Speed Limiter", United States Patent, No. 7,959,177 B2, June 14, 2011. Assignee: "Kar Enterprises, LLC, Shrewsbury, MA, USA".
F. H. Walz, M. Hoefliger, and W. Fehlmann, "Speed Limit Reduction from 60 to 50 Km/h and Pedestrian Injuries", Twenty-Seventh Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings (P-134) with International Research Committee on Biokinetics of Impacts (IRCOBI), San Diego, California, October 17-19, 1983.
A. J. McLean, R. W. G. Anderson, M. J. B. Farmer, B. H. Lee, and C. G. Brooks, "Vehicle Travel Speeds and The Incidence of Fatal Pedestrian Collisions-Vol. I", NHMRC Road Accident Research Unit, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, for the Federal Office of Road Safety, Report No. CR146, October 1994.
S. Ferguson, "Relation of Speed and Speed Limits to Crashes", National Forum on Speeding, Washington, D.C., USA, June 15, 2005.
N. V. Malyshkina, and F. Mannering, "Effect of Increases in Speed Limits on Severities of Injuries in Accidents", Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2083, pp. 122-127, 2008.
S. Comte, "Evaluation of In-Car Speed Limiters: Simulator Study", Master Project, , Project Funded by he European Commission under the Transport RTD Program of the 4th Framework Program, Contract No. Ro-96-Sc.202, May 1998.
"Learning from Others: An International Study on Heavy Truck Speed Limiters", Prepared for Transport Canada on behalf of the Council of Deputy Ministers Responsible for Transportation and Highway Safety, Canada, March 2008.
"Safety Impacts of Speed Limiter Device Installations on Commercial Trucks and Buses", Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program, CTBSSP Synthesis 16, Sponsored by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C., 2008, www.trb.org
R. J. Hanowski, G. Bergoffen, J. S. Hickman, F. Guo, D. Murray, R. Bishop, S. Johnson, and M. Camden, "Research on the Safety Impacts of Speed Limiter Device Installations on Commercial Motor Vehicles: Phase II", U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Report No. FMCSA-RRR-12-006, March 2012.
T. Mäkinen, and A. Várhelyi, "Field Trials with In-Car Speed Limiter", 9th International Conference Road Safety in Europe, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany, September 21-23, 1998.
A. Várhelyi, and T. Mäkinen, "The Effects of In-Car Speed Limiters: Field Studies", Pergamon-Transport Research Part C, pp. 191-211, 2001.
L. Duynstee, and H. Katteler, "Acceptance of Intelligent Speed Adaptation in Passenger Cars by Car Drivers", Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), Torino, Italy, 6-9 November 2000.
J. M. Abraham, "Analysis of Highway Speed Limits", Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, Italy, December 2001.
"Speed management: A road safety manual for decision-makers and practitioners", 2008, http://www.autograde.ae/SPEED%20LIMITER_GLOBAL.pdf : March 2013
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CarbNomenclature.jpg: March 2013
http://www.mikroe.com/mikrobasic/: March 2013