CubeSail Displaced Orbit Design for Near Earth Object Observation
American Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Mar. 27, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 31, 2015; Published: Apr. 18, 2015
Views 4997      Downloads 218
Yang Yang, School of Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China
Xiaokui Yue, School of Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China
Yong Li, School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Andrew G. Dempster, School of Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Chris. Rizos, School of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Microsatellites known as “CubeSats” have recently been developed to enable comparatively inexpensive and timely access to space for small payloads. As a new standard for small satellites, the CubeSat has shown great promise for space applications such as earth observation, planetary science and space physics mission. In this paper a “CubeSail” mission – a CubeSat deployed with a solar sail –for near earth object (NEO) observation is introduced. It is important to observe a NEO which may intersect or pass close to earth space before instigating any procedure for hazard avoidance. Furthermore, close observation of NEO may also be important for exploiting the new resources and exploring new living environment in outer space. This paper describes the concept of a large numbers of CubeSails deployed in the vicinity of the NEO for observation purposes. The dynamic model of the NEO-centreddis placed orbit in space is analysed. The solar radiation pressure on the sail can be utilised as propulsion to compensate for third body gravitational perturbation. To maintain the relative motion/position between a CubeSail and the NEO, periodic initial conditions are searched, which also must satisfy some observation mission constraints. A simulation study is carried out using the near earth asteroid Apophis 99942, discovered in recent years.
CubeSail, Multi-Object Global Optimisation, Relative Motion, Apophis 99942
To cite this article
Yang Yang, Xiaokui Yue, Yong Li, Andrew G. Dempster, Chris. Rizos, CubeSail Displaced Orbit Design for Near Earth Object Observation, American Journal of Aerospace Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2015, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajae.20150201.11
Pang, A.S.-K. and B. Twiggs, Citizen Satellites. Scientific American, 2011. 304(2): p. 48-53.
Shiroma, W., et al., CubeSats: A bright future for nanosatellites. Central European Journal of Engineering, 2011. 1(1): p. 9-15.
Gill, E., et al. Formation Flying to Enhance the QB50 Space Network. 2010.
Lappas, V., et al., CubeSail: A low cost CubeSat based solar sail demonstration mission. Advances in Space Research, 2011. 48(11): p. 1890-1901.
Johnson, L., et al., Status of solar sail technology within NASA. Advances in Space Research, 2011. 48(11): p. 1687-1694.
Pergola, P., Small satellite survey mission to the second Earth moon. Advances in Space Research, 2013. 52(9): p. 1622-1633.
Kawaguchi, J.i., A. Fujiwara, and T. Uesugi, Hayabusa—Its technology and science accomplishment summary and Hayabusa-2. Acta Astronautica, 2008. 62(10–11): p. 639-647.
A'Hearn, M., et al., Deep impact: excavating comet Tempel 1. Science, 2005. 310(5746): p. 258-264.
Eneev, T.M., R.Z. Akhmetshin, and G.B. Efimov, On the asteroid hazard. Cosmic Research, 2012. 50(2): p. 93-102.
Gates, M. and L. Johnson, NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission, in Handbook of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense, F. Allahdadi and J.N. Pelton, Editors. 2014, Springer International Publishing. p. 1-7.
Sugimoto, Y., et al., Hazardous near Earth asteroid mitigation campaign planning based on uncertain information on fundamental asteroid characteristics. Acta Astronautica, 2014. 103(0): p. 333-357.
McInnes, C.R., Solar sail mission applications for non-Keplerian orbits. Acta Astronautica, 1999. 45(4-9): p. 567-575.
McInnes, C.R., Passive Control of Displaced Solar Sail Orbit. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 1998. 21(6).
Vasile, M., A multi-mirror solution for the deflection of dangerous NEOS. Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, 2009. 14(12): p. 4139-4152.
Ferraz-Mello, S. and J. Fernández, Potential impact detection for near-Earth asteroids: The case of 99942 Apophis (2004 MN4). 2005.
Vasile, M., C.A. Maddock, and G. Radice. Mirror formation control in the vicinity of an asteroid. in AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference and Exhibit. 2008. Honolulu, Hawaii.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186