Significance of Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project and Legal Developments in Forest Sector of Pakistan
International Journal of Law and Society
Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 157-165
Received: Nov. 27, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 25, 2018; Published: Jan. 29, 2019
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Asif Kamal, School of Law and Political Science, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Ma Yingjie, School of Law and Political Science, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Ahmad Ali, College of Marine-Geosciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
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The impact of ‘Billion Trees Tsunami Afforestation Project’ (launched by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) led Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 2014) on climate change and accordingly the rules, laws and by laws are discussed and evaluated in this paper. The development of immense organic system of the earth, industrialization and deforestation has a fundamental effect on climate which in turn influences the Socio-Economic life of world population. Plantation and forestation has a significant role in controlling the effect of toxic gases which ultimately contribute in controlling global warming. Additionally, laws and bylaws are mandatory for sustainable forestation. The billion tree tsunami afforestation project (BTTAP) is designed in all ecological zones of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (PEPA) 1997 and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Environmental Protection Act 2014. The present study is designed to evaluate the national and International efforts for countering the rapidly growing threat of climate change, legal obligations and development in forest sector. This study reveals that BBTAP has a considerable contribution to the Bonn challenge with a pledge of 348,400 hectares with an addition of 252,000 totaling 0.6 million hectares forest cover. After successful maturity, the BBTAP is going to sequester 0.04 Gigatonnes of carbon dioxide by 2020 with an economic benefit of 120 million USD.
Climate Change, Global Warming, Plantation, Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (PEPA), Ecological Zones, Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project (BTTAP), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan
To cite this article
Asif Kamal, Ma Yingjie, Ahmad Ali, Significance of Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project and Legal Developments in Forest Sector of Pakistan, International Journal of Law and Society. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2018, pp. 157-165. doi: 10.11648/j.ijls.20180104.13
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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