Significance of Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project and Legal Developments in Forest Sector of Pakistan
International Journal of Law and Society
Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 157-165
Received: Nov. 27, 2018;
Accepted: Dec. 25, 2018;
Published: Jan. 29, 2019
Views 853 Downloads 303
Asif Kamal, School of Law and Political Science, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Ma Yingjie, School of Law and Political Science, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
Ahmad Ali, College of Marine-Geosciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
The impact of ‘Billion Trees Tsunami Afforestation Project’ (launched by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) led Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 2014) on climate change and accordingly the rules, laws and by laws are discussed and evaluated in this paper. The development of immense organic system of the earth, industrialization and deforestation has a fundamental effect on climate which in turn influences the Socio-Economic life of world population. Plantation and forestation has a significant role in controlling the effect of toxic gases which ultimately contribute in controlling global warming. Additionally, laws and bylaws are mandatory for sustainable forestation. The billion tree tsunami afforestation project (BTTAP) is designed in all ecological zones of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (PEPA) 1997 and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Environmental Protection Act 2014. The present study is designed to evaluate the national and International efforts for countering the rapidly growing threat of climate change, legal obligations and development in forest sector. This study reveals that BBTAP has a considerable contribution to the Bonn challenge with a pledge of 348,400 hectares with an addition of 252,000 totaling 0.6 million hectares forest cover. After successful maturity, the BBTAP is going to sequester 0.04 Gigatonnes of carbon dioxide by 2020 with an economic benefit of 120 million USD.
Significance of Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project and Legal Developments in Forest Sector of Pakistan, International Journal of Law and Society.
Vol. 1, No. 4,
2018, pp. 157-165.
Mbwambo, L., Malimbwi, R., Kajembe, G., Eid, T. (2013) Communities’ perception on The Impact of Decentralised Forest Management on Access to Forest Resources and Occurrence of Illegal Tree Harvesting in North Eastern and Central Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation 83, 43-53.
Eckholm, E. (1979) Planting for the Future: Forestry for Human Needs. Worldwatch Paper 26.
FAO. 2016. State of the World’s Forests 2016.
Article by Dr Charles, November 2012. Palmer of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
Laura Oliver, 16 Feb 2018. China has sent 60000 soldiers to plant trees. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/02/china-army-soldiers-plant-trees/.
Yang Wanli, 5 January 2018, Forest campaig to keep green dream on course. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2018-01/05/content_35443148.htm.
Chris Baynes, Monday 3 July 2017. India plant 66 million trees 12 hours as part of record breaking environment campaign. https://www.independent.co.uk/.
July 2018, Bangladesh launches nationwide tree planting campaign. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-07/19/c_137333626.htm.
Billion Trees Tsunami Afforestation Project (BTTAP) , forestry, environment and wildlife department khyber pakhtunkhwa.http://18.104.22.168/btt/about-bttap/.
World Wide Fund for Nature Pakistan (WWF-Pakistan) January 2016 report.
Bonn challenge, Pakistan (KPK). http://www.bonnchallenge.org/content/pakistan-kpk.
Ayaz Gul, August 2017, One billion trees planted in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. https://www.voanews.com/a/one-billion-trees-planted-in-pakistan-nw-province/3983609.html.
August 2017, Pakistan's billion trees tsunami restore 350000 hectares of forest and degraded land to surpass bonn challenge commitment.https://www.iucn.org/es/node/28939
United Nation Food and Agriculture Organization report 2015.
Nazar Hussain Shah, Secretary Forest Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Interview with Ajj news TV channel on 23rd February 2018.
Objectives and outcomes of Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project (BTTAP). http://22.214.171.124/btt/objectives/.
Phase-I release and expenditure of BTTAP. http://126.96.36.199/btt/repos/files/2017/02/Final-Phase-I-Releases-and-Expenditure-201415-2015-16.pdf.
Phase-II release and expenditure of BTTAP. http://188.8.131.52/btt/repos/files/2017/02/Final-Phase-II-Releases-and-Expenditure-upto-30.06.2016.pdf.
Parry, M. (2009) Climate change is a development issue, and only sustainable development can confront the challenge. Climate and Development 1, 5-9.
Bank, W., (2006) Pakistan: strategic country environment assessment, South Asia Environment and Social Unit Washington DC. James poulos, 15 Feb 2018.
IUCN Pakistan (2005). Environmental Law in Pakistan — Federal. IUCN Pakistan, Environmental Law Programme, Karachi, Pakistan. 78 pp.
Rosamond hutt, Pakistan has planted over a billion trees, 2 July 2018. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/07/pakistan-s-billion-tree-tsunami-is-astonishing/.
Wikipedia contributors. "Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
Pir Abdul Wahid (Advocate High Court); Pakistani law on forest conservation and wildlife protection: https://joshandmakinternational.com/
Sinha, G. DELHI RIDGE, indian forest act 1927. delhi.gov.in/wps/wcm/.../Delhi_Ridge_Book-Sinha,+G.N.+(Ed.)+(2014.pdf?.
Islamabad, August 1992, The gazzete of Pakistan, extra. http://www.na.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1334288481_985.pdf
The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa forest, ordinance 2002, Ordinance No. Xix of 2002. An ordinance to consolidate and amend the laws relating to protection, conservation, management, and sustainable development of forests and natural resources in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 10th June, 2002.
The international law of forest by A Hooker - 1994. digitalrepository.unm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1841&context=nrj.
Christy, L. C., Di Leva, C. E., Lindsay, J. M., Takoukam, P. T. (2007), Forest law and sustainable development: addressing contemporary challenges through legal reform, The World Bank.
Lipschutz, R. D. (2000) Why is there no international forestry law: an examination of international forestry regulation, both public and private. UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 19, 153.
Forestry law. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. November 10, 2018, Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forestry_law&oldid=868173896.
Muilerman, H., Blonk, H. (2001) Towards a sustainable use of natural resources. Stichting Natuur en Milieu, 1-18.
Hooker, A. (1994) The international law of forests. Natural Resources Journal, 823-877.
Schmithüsen, F. J., Herbst, P., Le Master, D. C. (2000) Forging a new framework for sustainable forestry: recent developments in European forest law, ETH Zurich.