Ethiopian Foreign Policy Under Military and EPRDF Regimes: Changes and Continuities
Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 25-31
Received: Oct. 29, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 27, 2018;
Published: Jun. 20, 2019
Views 611 Downloads 291
Negera Gudeta Adula, Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia
This paper attempted to examines changes and continuities of Ethiopian foreign policy under the military and EPRDF regimes. Accordingly, the paper argues that there are changes and continuties in Ethiopian foreign policymaking and executions under military and EPRDF regimes. The study used secondary source of data; collected from books, journal articles, published and unpublished materials,, governmental and non-governmental organization reports and remarks, magazines and web sources. To substantiate and supplement the secondary data, the paper also used primary data collected through key informant interview. Given the data gathered are qualitative, the study employed qualitative data analysis techniques. The finding of the study revealed that the demise of military regime brought not merely change in terms of foreign policy making and execution but also brought shift in foreign policy approach and orientation of the country from out-ward looking foreign policy to in-ward looking foreign. Despite, a shift in orientation and style of foreign policy, domestic factors, and external factors remain the defining factors of Ethiopian foreign policy under both military and EPRDF regimes.
Negera Gudeta Adula,
Ethiopian Foreign Policy Under Military and EPRDF Regimes: Changes and Continuities, Journal of Political Science and International Relations.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2019, pp. 25-31.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahmed, M. (2016). Determinants of foreign policy formulation in developing countries: A case of Kenya. International Academic Journal of Arts and Humanities, 1 (1), 1-53.
Amare T. (1989). The determinants of the foreign policy of Revolutionary Ethiopia. Journal of modern African studies 3(479-502).
Bahru Z. (2002). A History of Modern Ethiopia 1855-1991 Second edition.
Belachew G. (n.d). The Ethiopian Dilemma between State Security and Human Security.
Berouk M. (2012). Ethiopia's Role and Foreign Policy in the Horn of Africa. International Journal of Ethiopian Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1/2 (2012), pp. 87-113.
Broich T. (2017). USA and Soviet Foreign Aid during the Cold War:A Case Study of Ethiopia.
Chauhan K. (2016). Major Determinants of Bangladesh Foreign Policy, Shrinkhla Vaicharik Patrika Vol. 4.
Elsje F. (2011). Ethiopia and the Search for Alternative Exemplars of Development. An Emerging Post-Washington Consensus.
Gashaw A. and Zelalem M. (2016). The Advent of Competing Foreign Powers in the Geostrategic Horn of Africa: Analysis of Opportunity and Security Risk for Ethiopia. International Relations and Diplomacy. 4 (12) 787-800.
Gedion A. (2011). The USA Military Involvement in Counter Terrorism InThe Horn of Africa. Addis Ababa University unpublished thesis.
Government Communication Affairs Office (GCAO). (2012). Ethiopia’s Foreign Policy and its Achievements.
Jan Záhořík (2014) Ethiopia’s Hegemony in the Horn of Africa: Internal Tensions and External Challenges Before and After Meles Zenawi. The Journal of the Middle East and Africa.
Keller E. (1987). Politics of state survival; continuity and change in Ethiopian foreign policy, analysis of American Academy of political and social science vol.489(76-87).
Keller E. (2005). Making and Remaking state and Nation in Ethiopia.
Li Y. (2008). Domestic vs. International Determinants of Foreign Policy: An Empirical Investigation of The Case Of China-Taiwan, 1991-2000.
Mekuriyaw.(2016). United States Policy towards the Hornof Africa since 1991. Inter. J. Polit. Sci. Develop. 4(4): 134-139.
Mehari T. (2014). Ethiopia’s Regional Diplomacies. A Dominant Interpretation of the Horn of Africa.
Ministry of Information Press & Audiovisual Department. (2002). Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy.
Muzeyen H. (2015). Ethiopia And The Rising Powers: A Case Study on The Post-Cold War Era Ethio-Turkish Relation, Journal of The Academic Elegance, vol.2.
Schraeder P.(1992). “The Horn of Africa: US Foreign Policy in an Altered Cold War Environment Middle East Journal, Vol. 46, No. 4PP. 571-593.
Seifuddin A. (1997). Islam, Christianity and Ethiopian Foreign policy. Journal of Muslim minority Affairs vol. 17(129-139).
Tedros A. (2015). Ethiopia’s Foreign policy: Regional integration and international priorities, Chatham house, the royal institutes of international affairs.
Temesgen G. (2013). “Peasants, land reform and property right in Ethiopia: The experience of Gojjam Province, 1974 to 1997. Journal of African Studies and Development. 5(6), pp. 145-156.
Van der Beken C. (2007). Ethiopia from centralized monarch to the Federal Republic. Africa Focus vol. 20(13-48).